Jihad In Zarb-I-Kalim Analysis

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his mind and heart constantly reminding him of his helplessness and frustration. As a result, his inner self is shattered by these inner gloomy emotions. In the words of Sartre: If he shows fight, the soldiers fire and he is a dead man; if he gives in he degrades himself and he is no longer a man at all; shame and fear will split up his character and make his inmost self-fall into pieces(Fanon,1963:13). The result of this physiological violence is either the native accepts the unacceptable social order and falls victim to many spiritual and mental disorders or he raises the flag of rebellion against the oppressor. In this way, the native is pushed to take up arms i.e., violence against oppression. But for Fanon there is nothing wrong in it.…show more content…
This poem was Iqbal’s response to the edict of MirzaGhulam Ahmad Qadiyani in which he had proclaimed the abolition of Jihad-bi-Saif or Jihad with sword in favour of Jihad-bil-Qalam or Jihad with Pen. Strongly reacting to the fatwa or edict of MirzaQadiyani, Iqbal raises a very logical point that if Jihad-bi-saif is no more relevant to the world of Islam, then how come the same is not true for the European military adventurism which had equipped herself from top to toe with sophisticated weaponry. Iqbal knew that renunciation of Jihad-bis-saif is only beneficial to colonial establishment to advance its selfish colonial goals, therefore, Iqbal puts his strong emphasis on the Jihad-bis-saif. He…show more content…
(Iqbal,Bang-i-Dara,trans, Khalil,1991:223) Despite having their different ideological inclinations, Iqbal and Fanon share one thing in common, i.e., their uncompromising call for resistance against the forces of tyranny and oppression. Both Frantz Fanon and Mohammad Iqbal are against the imperial west for its anti-human and materialistic nature. Both of them are quite convinced that the evil activities and policies of it will cause the downfall of the western civilization. Works cited Fanon, Frantz. The wretched of the Earth. Trans. Farrington, Constance. New York: Grove Press NY, 1963. Print. Iqbal, Mohammad. Bang-i-Dara(The Call of the MarchingBell).Trans. M.A.K. Khalil. Lahore: Tayyib Printers, 1991. Print. Iqbal, Mohammad. Zarb-i-kalim(The Rod of Moses). Trans. Syed Akbar Ali Shah. Lahore: Iqbal Academy, 1983. Print. Iqbal, Muhammad. Kulliyat (Urdu). Aligarh: Educational Book House, 2009.

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