Such as black churches. However, segregation occurred because of efforts made by the whites to protect their racial privilege. To limit the freedoms blacks gained as a result of the emancipation and the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, state legislators passed laws segregating schools in 1872. Local custom also further segregated blacks and whites as well as forbidding interracial marriage. In the 1890s, events further reinforced the notions of white supremacy.
These laws are a series of laws and ordinances that were passed by southern states and municipalities from 1817 to 1965 that legalized segregation ( Tischauser 1). Segregation or “ de jure segregation”, which was the slang used during this time, is defined as the legal separation by race of Americans ( Tischauser xi). The fight against the Jim Crow laws began in the courts and then moved to the streets, and was then brought to the attention of Congress(Tischauser xiv). These laws separated Americans by race legally in 26 states (Tischauser xi). For most of history, these laws had the
The Act mandated equal but separate rail travel in Louisiana by forcing the railway to provide separate cars for its black and white citizens. It also gave railway officers the “authority to refuse to carry any passenger that refused to sit within their designated race”. (Medley, 2003) This Act incensed a group of eighteen elite black men and in September 1891 they came together to form the Comite` des Citoyens. The Comite`, also called the Citizens Committee for the Annulment of Act 111, opposed the Separate Car Act of 1890. They raised funds, held rallies, composed legal tactics, and decided to run two test cases.
Jim Crow laws were the many state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the United States between the late 1870s and 1964. These segregation laws were enacted primarily by Democrats, many of whom were supporters of White supremacism both before and after the American Civil War. Jim Crow laws were more than just laws — they negatively shaped the lives of many African-Americans. After the Civil War and the outlaw of slavery, the Republican government tried to rebuild relations with African-Americans during the Reconstruction Era. They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South.
Yet African Americans were not free, and the government was involved, African Americans were denied the right to vote, “Between 1882 and 1968, more black people were lynched in Mississippi than in any other state. “You and I know what’s the best way to keep the nigger from voting,” blustered Theodore Bilbo, a Mississippi senator and a proud Klansman. “You do it the night before the election” (Coates). The freedom was only an idea to African Americans at that time they were never free after the Emancipation Proclamation. When the Voting Rights Act was
Having this segregation caused fights, disagreements, and more cases brought into court because if race, but it was the start of a new world. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson started around the 1890s when the Separate Car Act statute was passed in Louisiana. This act stated that any companies carrying people in Louisiana must have separate but equal areas for the whites and blacks. Homer Plessy, in 1992, was one-eight black and purchased a ticket for first class and, sat in the white only area. He was then arrested for violating the new Separate Car Act and was taken to jail.
For example, Source C states, “Two years earlier (1890) the states of Louisiana passes a law requiring racial segregation of train cars.” This shows that the people made it such as big deal that they took away the right away from African Americans to ride the same bus as others. This also shows that segregation is causing issues having to do with where African American people can go and how they can get there. In addition, Source C also states, “JIm crow laws also led to the disenfranchisement of African American voters.” This shows that some African Americans also got their right to vote taken away depending on where they lived. This also shows that since states only recognized African Americans as “separate, but equal” they cared less for their legal rights and privileges. In conclusion, many African Americans had the legal rights that were granted to them taken away due to
Sadly the rebellion had caused even tighter laws on slavery and many states had even banned people from teaching blacks how to read and wright because they saw that the key factor in this revolt was the intelligence of Turner. Harriet Tubman was a woman who had escaped slavery and would help hundreds of enslaved Africans run away. She had escaped in 1849, and would become one of the most famous and celebrated people from the Underground Railroad. She had came back 15 times and during this she had helped in the escaping of hundreds of fugitive slaves. Fredrick Douglass was an enslaved African American who escaped slavery and became a leader of the abolition movement.
After the brutal history of the American Civil War, the aftermath of racism was still a major issue. During the 1940-1950s, the South adopted a law system that allowed white supremacists to legally commit violent acts on previously enslaved African Americans. These laws, known as Jim Crow laws, enforced segregation, but were not legalized in the northern states. Unfortunately, many white citizens still socially accepted segregation and made it difficult for African Americans to live equally among them. In Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, an African American family known as the Youngers experience “societal implications” of segregation in Chicago, Illinois, and the threats as well as harassments that followed.