Race is what set the Africans apart from the Americans and that difference was the reason behind the large amounts of discrimination that they faced. African Americans were largely discriminated against by white society, including being harshly targeted by the Ku Klux Klan, or the KKK. The KKK was initially a social club, but eventually grew to be a way to intimidate African Americans. The KKK’s intentions were to target African Americans whose standing was growing in America. The KKK is a big example of how whites believed that they were far more superior than those who they lived around.
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
Moreover, the KKK used the method of lynching as the ultimate form of racial harassment against African Americans. When African Americans could vote even when the tactics of disenfranchisement were used against them lynching was the method to ensure that they could not vote. As a result of lynching, it would be advertised in the paper so people from different cities could take part and witness the brutality. There were some cases of families sending relatives postcards and letters of the lynching. The lynching mobs “were never apprehended, tried, or convicted.
Black people were purposefully separated from most social contact with whites and any activities which they were involved in. The system was programmed in a manner that has been deliberately designed to make life for the black person excruciating. The education scheme was systematically designed to equip black people for inferior occupations by making it difficult for black people to pursue certain academic standards. Even in low income work environments which held a small proportion of poor white people, black people were always treated unfairly and the white race had advantages over the black people in terms of voice and being protected by the laws of the white government. Thus, the white government prevented black people from gaining any knowledgeable or philosophical power.
Much of the damage they did was to scare blacks into accepting that they were hated and even though they had legal rights, they should not use them or practice them. The KKK scared black people away from rights like voting, freedom of speech and leadership positions. One example of how the KKK scared blacks from practicing their rights was “in 1964 when a bomb planted by the Klan killed 1 black person registering to vote and 2 white northern supporters helping people register.” (History.com). Another time was when Viola Lee Liuzzo was killed for driving and organizing freedom marches and speaking out. The hate Klan used violence to control the people who believed in equal rights.
The society used to turn a blind eye to the racial problems. Inspired by Jim Crow Laws, Scottsboro Trial, and African American Church Burning American novelist Harper Lee wrote her book To Kill a Mockingbird to portray the injustices and discrimination black people faced back in the 1900s. Jim Crow Laws were laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States, these laws meant that black people were required to attend
Invited to Birmingham, King had come to help injustice. He already knew on his way there that many will treat him wrong because of the color of his skin, not by personality. Although, Birmingham is one of the most unfair and highly segregated cities in the United States, King is willing to risk his life for the freedom of African
This enabled him to realize following the ideologies of the white contained major limitation. For instance, his grandfather suffered humiliation as well as slavery, which proved vulnerable to racial prejudice. The dramatic speech which conveyed by the narrator was perceived by the white as a joke since they were not prepared to accept the ideas of the upstanding black citizens. In reality, the embarrassment the narrator received motivated him to emphasize on industrial education which is the key to overcome racism as well as discrimination towards the black community. The men’s reaction towards Ralph Ellison’s slip of the tongue by saying “social equality” for “social responsibility underlines clearly the point he was conveying.
Racism deflects the interpersonal relationships because every race exalts their own and looks down on other races. Othello is one of the fascinating literature work by Shakespeare that describes the evident of racism in societies, its destructive effects on society and people’s attitudes. The tragedy in Othello may seem to be as a result of jealousy but deep inside, it is a tragedy rooted deeply in racial conflict. This play was written in a time when the minorities were less important and could easily be ignored by the majority race: it was almost impossible for a black man to hold a higher rank in the society and earning respect from the white people. This paper will discuss the theme of racism in Othello, show its effects on society and specific characters like Othello who felt the impact of prejudice.
Many terrorist groups like The Ku Klux Klan, formed in 1866, and Louisiana White League Platform in 1874, were created to terrorize African Americans and advocate white supremacy. They both were terrorist groups associated with the Democratic Party in the South, whose goal was to politically defeat the Republican Party, in order to over- power the African Americans, as they did not support the path to citizenship for them. The White League stated in 1874, “...Having solely in view the maintenance of our hereditary civilization and christianity menaced by stupid Africanization, we appeal to men of our race… against that supreme danger.” (White League, 1874). They demonstrated to the public, to go against the “danger” who are African Americans, and only think about our past and religion being threatened by a race. They called out to other Whites to join their racist cause, and protect the people of their color.