Feminisim demands towards towards eliminating the inequalites and social injustices towards a gender equal society. As Byerly & Ross (2006) state, the words feminist and feminism refere to women’s liberation movements since 1970s that have been aimed at securing women’s right to participate in their societies, including the ability to enter into publi deliberation, institution building, and other processes associated with citizenship. Feminism in India
Throughout the course of history, society uses gender as an organizational tool to classify humans into two basic categories: male and female. This creates a gender binary with socially constructed norms that design a rigid guide as to how each gender must act and perform in their daily lives. Gender is a social construct and not inherent in our genes. As gender theorist Judith Butler claims, “Gender is the repeated stylization of the body, a set of repeated acts within a highly regulatory frame that congeal over time to produce the appearance of substance.” In other words, society is performing a role of gender every day that gives off an impression of male or female through our own repetitive performance of gender. Gender performance roles create and uphold societal norms, discourse, and the foundation upon which children are being raised in the patriarchy.
2.1.1 Feminist Peace and Conflict Theory (Annette, 2006) The lineage of feminist peace and conflict theory – naturally – comes as a hybrid phenomenon. Feminist peace and conflict theory (FPCT) is nurtured by a variety of disciplines and methodologies. As is symptomatic for feminist studies, the questioning of normative standards is grounded in women’s epistemology. The silencing of women’s experience and information is mentioned in all FPCTs. However the consequences of this silencing and also the doable solutions for a modification is essentially divided in associate understanding of essentialist ‘female nature’ and a construction primarily based understanding of gender as a discursive follow.
According to the functionalist perspective society is viewed as a multifaceted system whose different parts work together to endorse harmony and stability. This approach sees society through a macro-level orientation and largely focuses on the social structures that are liable for shaping society as a whole. This perspective suggests that gender inequalities are present as an efficient and effective way to create a division of labor, or as a social system in which a particular sector of the population is clearly responsible for certain acts of labor and another sector is clearly responsible for other labor acts. The feminist movement takes the position that functionalism neglects the suppression of women within the family structure. The structural functionalist take on gender inequality states that division of labor is used to promote the functioning of predefined gender roles for instance in Pakistan women are left with the duty of taking care of the household whilst men take the role of breadwinners for the family.
When it comes to the rights of women one faces problems when it comes to one making their own personal discussions. This just a smear of the social problems that a woman faces. For generations, women have been stigmatized though intersectionality and multiculturalism. Although this may be, women have accomplished obstacles that other humankind has not. We have changed the mindset for our daughters and the future generations to come.
Feminist analysis starts from the significance of gender, gender maybe understood in different kinds of ways but all feminist analyses take gender seriously and when they are thinking about gender they are thinking about ways in which the world can be organized into gender categories such as masculinity and femininity, and the feminists are thinking of ways in which those categories are operating in the terms of hierarchy and in some ways institutionalize and perpetuate some kinds of inequalities. Feminist analysis start from gender as a hierarchical or relational category and it tries to look at the world in that perspective. The feminist theories in international relations were introduced in the late 1980s and early 90’s (cite) and the early
Robbins et al (2012) stated that feminist theory and social work have jointly focus on social economic justice, valuing the worth of all individuals and goals of social change and empowerment .however while social work is primarily concerned with a gender-neutral “person in the environment” perspective, feminist social work examines how women and men as gendered beings operate and are often controlled within a masculine environment. Susan P. Robbins et al (2012) continued stating that feminist theory enriches social work practice by asking and answering additional questions by recognizing the importance of gender as well as its intersections with race, class, sexual identity and ability in the distribution of economic and social rewards. Susan P. Robbins et al (2012) also stated that feminist theory incorporates a holistic view of the interrelations between resources, social, intellectual, and spiritual faces of human existence. Central to feminist thought is the idea that it is necessary to critique one’s social context and deconstruct its discriminatory aspects. RELEVANCE OF FEMINIST THEORY FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE IN BOTSWANA AND AFRICAN
From birth, humans are given guidelines to a life defined by their identity. Authors Judith Butler, Karen Horney, and Margaret Mead dive into the gender issues and stereotypes of identity, distrust, and temperament to open the door into a gender-neutral world filled with acceptance, originality, and equality. Philosopher and feminist Judith Butler is a well-known leader and promoter for
This paper will analyse to what extent the women in Nwapa's Efuru in general and Efuru specifically are able to make their own decisions and which limitations there are to their freedom of choice. It will explore the role of gender in the decision-making process as gender is among the main influences of decision-making in the novel. the manner in which those decisions are made. It will discuss how far the decision making abilities of women are restricted by their gender i.e. the societal limitations set to them because of their gender and which fields they wield power in.
Through the years, feminism has been molded by societal stereotypical perceptions that are brought upon by feminism goal transformations. Today, feminism can be divided into two parts – old feminism and modern feminism. According to Winifred Holtby, the focus of the old feminist movement was equality among genders while modern feminism focuses on the importance of “women’s point of view”