This type of organizational change can cause companies to downsize and/or lay-off employees to cut costs (Lussier & Achua, 2015) which causes leadership and employees tremendous stress. Additionally, stressful organizational situations have a large negative impact particularly in situations that involve punishment and lack of rewards (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Stress can cause decision makers to cut corners, become more prone to incidents, abuse, and deception (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Several studies have connected stress to memory loss due to an increase in cortisol production. Moreover, employees can often respond to stress in a negative manner, and stress is known to lead to unethical decision making (Selart, & Johansen, 2011).
STRESS MANAGEMENT IN MODERN DAY ORGANISATIONS. INTRODUCTION: Stress management in organizations means various psychotherapies and techniques used to control an individual’s stresslevel. Stress management is important in organizations because if in an organization workers will be stressed, then such workers will work demotivated, inefficiently. And thus, such organizations are not very successful in modern day competitive world. Therefore, in order to improve functioning and productivity of employees as well as to maintain good relationship with co-workers and employers companies have to undertake stress management programs.
Managerial expectations can be a big factor for conflict in the work place. It is up to the management teams to explain and stress what is expected of their staff and results of their work. Management can be strict in some workplaces which can have a negative effect on staff members and this can have an effect on their quality of work. It is important to have a good relationship with staff members but also play the role as a manager. If communication is bad between staff members or different departments, it can cause conflict.
The fear of losing one’s own job could be associated to Quantitative job security and the concern about certain valued aspects of a job such as insufficient/inadequate salary prospects could be associated to Qualitative job insecurity. The author of the article claims that if the employees are bullied there is a high likelihood that these workers may feel that their job is at stake and shall exhibit higher and higher levels of job insecurity. The study invariably looks upon the longitudinal relationship between bullying and job insecurity. The study actually revolves around the Leymann hypothesis and attempts to address the same. This particular proposition points out that bullying in the work place is linked with the rejection in working life.
Generally if a person is in a positon of power or status they feel they need to protect them and often they become threatened by another person’s abilities in their job performance (Lutgen- Sandvik & McDermott, 2008). Another reason why people bully can be due to employee competition such as, sale targets being achieved. This can lead to verbal abuse as employees may try to discredit a fellow colleague by spreading rumours to sabotage their competitor (Lutgen- Sandvik & McDermott, 2008). Also, those working within the health and social care professions are working in extremely stressful environments, therefore competition between colleagues may lead to increasing demands on job performance. Similarly, Einarsen and Zapf (2003) highlight the reasons why people become victims or targets of bullying within the workplace environment.
What is the capital-labor conflict? Why C-L conflict occurs? Labor conflict occurs when the employees are not satisfied with the amount of their salary and become angry and rebellious when they see the bosses, masters or leaders living the luxury life. In many cases complains and dissatisfaction from the employees are ignored which leads to aggression from the working class. Labor-capital conflict is a kind of social conflict that occurs because of the collision of interests between two or more sides.
Several factors such as discrimination in pay structure, rules and regulations are strictly enforced. Ineffective communication between workers and employers is a factor in that cause stress. Pressure colleagues who have goals conflict or ambiguity in work in groups. Furthermore, work more centralized and formal organizational structure and lack of worker participation in decision-making. These things happen because of excessive control over workers by
Addressing the above gaps therefore particularly important given that service sector is typically associated with a high level of service failure (Miller et al., 2000; Yoo et al., 2006), frequent exposure to customer complaints (Wildes, 2007), limited job control and low decision latitude unaccounted extra work load and other work characteristics, which make these employees highly susceptible to elevated levels of occupational stress leading to cultural issues. Many OS models have been used to demonstrate that stressors at work load to negative physical, psychological and behavioural changes (Kahn and Byosiere, 1992). According to the transactional model of stress (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984), the process of stress depends on the person’s appraisal of the situation. Therefore, individual differences variables that might relate to perceptions should be given more attention in occupational stress
Skills gaps are self-defined by employers when they perceive that an employee lacks certain skills preventing them from being fully proficient in their job role. These skills gaps can have significant implications for companies as they will be unable to reach their potential productivity and profitability. For example, if employees have skills