CHAPER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0 INTRODUCTION This chapter reviews the existing literature that is related this study it includes: job satisfaction, factors affecting job satisfaction, important Elements of job satisfaction, theoretical framework and conclusion. 2.1 job satisfaction Job satisfaction can be defined as that which gives employees the motivation continue with daily work or make him actually want to go to work or gives him urge to take up a new assignment or project. One of the factors that leads to job satisfaction is recognition and encouragement where an organization has a good evaluation system and the employee’s work recognized and then he is encouraged and motivated to continue contributing to the organization. According
Future GroJob satisfaction Job satisfaction describes hoe content an individual is with his or her job. The happier people are within their job, the more satisfied they are said to be. Job satisfaction is not the same as motivation or aptitude, although it is clearly linked. Job satisfaction has been defined as a pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job an affective reaction to one’s job and an attitude towards one’s job. History of job satisfaction: One of the biggest preludes to the study of job satisfaction was the Hawthorne studies.
Job satisfaction is an important indicator of how employees feel about their job and predictor of work behavior such as organizational citizenship absenteeism, turnover. Job satisfaction benefits the organization includes reduction in complaints and grievances, absenteeism, turnover, and termination; as well as improved punctuality and worker morale. Job satisfaction is also linked with a healthier work force and had been found to be a good indicator of longevity. Job satisfaction is not synonymous with organizational morale, which the possessions of feeling have being accepted by and belonging to a group of employees through adherence to common goals and confidence in desirability of these goals. Morale is the by - product of the group, while job satisfaction is
It expresses the amount of agreement between one’s expectation of the job and the rewards that the job provides. Job Satisfaction is a part of life satisfaction. The nature of one’s environment of job is an important part of life as Job Satisfaction influences one’s general life satisfaction. Job Satisfaction, thus, is the result of various attitudes possessed by an employee. In a narrow sense, these attitudes are related to the job under condition with such specific factors such as wages.
There are different aspects which shape job satisfaction such as the environment of labor, reasonable endorsement arrangement, job independence, management performance and public dealings (Ahmed et., al. 2010). Job satisfaction has a close association with enthusiasm and doings. Satisfied staff is more industrious, efficient about their jobs as compared to dissatisfied staff. Job satisfaction means to make all aspects of job simple, important and demanding.
Job satisfaction has various theories which measure job satisfaction from various aspects. Job satisfaction is generally measured as workers’ feelings towards the job situation. It is the level of the individual likeness of the job. When satisfied with a job, workers consider that job is the part of their life; hence they enjoy doing their work. Job enjoyment is related to the nature and operation of work.
Meanwhile, Ganguly (2010) stated that job satisfaction involves a collection of numerous attitudes and feelings that refer to psychological disposition of people towards their jobs and how they feel about their work and also influence motivation and interest in work. According to Mcshane and Glinow (2015), a useful template for organizing and understanding the
Job Satisfaction: Job Satisfaction can be defined as the level of fulfilment , a person feels regarding his/her job and the feeling is based on individual perception of satisfaction .Job satisfaction is the extent to which people are satisfied with their work (Warr,2002).It means that it is not the self-satisfaction content, or self-contentment but the satisfaction on the job . (Feinstein,2000,as cited by Ahmed et al 2010). Job satisfaction has a significant relationship with role performance and creative job performance. (Dizgahl,Chegani2,&Bisokhan,2012) Work Overload: Work Overload is the degree to which the demand of the job is excessive (Agho, Mueller, Price ,1993).The situation in which employees feel that there are too many responsibilities
Job satisfaction shows how much an employee likes his work as well as the level of his preoccupation with work. Generally, it can be stated that job satisfaction is a sense of comfort and positive experience that an employee have related to his job. Job satisfaction can affect work behavior, and through that, the organizational performance. For a long time job satisfaction has been viewed as a unique concept, but today it is seen as a very complex cluster of attitudes towards different aspects of the work (Rollinson et al., 1998). Therefore, the definitions of job satisfaction should include a variety of factors such as nature of work, salary, stress, working conditions, colleagues, superiors, working hours etc.