Toccata for clavier in E minor BWV 914 J.S. Bach (1685-1750) Slow (no specific tempo indication) Un poco Allegro Adagio Allegro Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) is born in Eisenach Germany. He skilled in violin, organ and harpsichord. And he also composed lots of famous works such as Mass in B minor, Brandenburg concertos and The Well-Tempered Clavier etc. Bach was claimed “the Father of music” Toccata means ‘to touch’, generally for keyboard instruments.
Beethoven’s mother, Maria, was gentle and well principled. Johann, his father, was an ungifted singer, was more known for his drinking than his musical capability. Nevertheless, Ludwig’s grandfather, the man he was named after, was one of Bonn’s most renowned musicians, and was where Ludwig could find infinite inspiration. Beethoven studied the clavier
Johann Sebastian Bach Violin Sonata in A minor BWV 1003 (1720) Greatest German composer of all time, Johann Sebastian was born in a musical family in Eisenach. He received his musical training from his father Johann Ambrosius and relatives. Besides being a highly respected organist, Bach’s compositions were also greatly recognized and became the musical model for other famed composers after his time such as Mozart, Beethoven and Mendelssohn. The Sonata in A minor is one of the works in Bach’s six unaccompanied violin sonatas and partitas. His sonata has 4 movements and all organized in slow-fast-slow-fast order.
The Queen granted Handel a pension of 200 pounds for his performances and appreciation for the work he was doing in London. Compositions of Handel in London had great influence on the love for operas and oratorios since they were full of style and high quality, and his style is adored all over the world. George Frederic Handel was born on February 23 in the year 1685 and realized that he had a talent in music at very tender age. He loved to sing and hoped to become a famous musician one day and leave a great record. Handel longed to study music, but his father was against the idea since he doubted that music would give him enough income to live on and raise a good family.
He was born into an extremely musical family, and Bach himself had kids who carried on his musical legacy. He was a virtuoso organist and harpsichordist as well as a prolific composer. Bach brought Baroque music to a new level, composing over a thousand pieces in numerous forms. Bach composed the Six Suites for Solo Cello around 1720 when the suite was already a well-known genre, but they were the first of their kind. (Green, 2017) 1.2 Reason for Selection & Aim I chose to write about the Six Suites for Solo Cello as I believe that they hold a great significance.
Hector Berlioz Hector Berlioz was an interesting composer. He was born on December 11th, 1803 and passed away on March 8th, 1869. Berlioz was a french composer who liked to write about romantic things. His most famous compositions are Symphonie fantastique and also Grande messe des morts. He made amazing contributions to the modern orchestra with his “Treatise on Instrumentation.” Hector was also known to conduct multiple concerts with more than 1,000 musicians.
It was stated that he worked there for about one year before returning to Bergen. He resumed his old post upon returning “to the drudge of daily singing, teaching and administration must have seemed like a defeat.”(Jacob Obrecht: A Restless Musical Mind." Gramophone.) During the years Obrecht had already composed numerous masses and was noticeably one of the most distinguished composers of the century along with many others of that time. Obrecht’s compositions pointed to a composer who concerned with celebration and
Shortly after George Gershwin’s premier of his iconic Rhapsody in Blue in 1924, a conductor named Walter Damrosch commissioned Gershwin to write a piano concerto that was based on a Classical concerto with orchestration. Like it’s rhapsodic cousin, this piece is a unique fusion of Classical and Jazz styles and is great fun to both play and listen to. Like the traditional concerto model from the 18th Century, this concerto was written in three movements in this order: fast, slow, fast. Another flashback to the past that is unconventionally evident in this concerto is “organicism,” which in music, means that all of the movements of a piece are thematically related. Typically, in the Classical tradition, those recurring motifs
Franz Joseph Haydn was a German composer whose life story is one of trials and triumphs. As Philip G. Downs states, Haydn was born “the oldest son of the twenty children from his father’s two marriages” (199). Obviously, he and his family faced severe poverty. In spite of that, at a very early age Haydn’s musical gifts were noticeable. “Not only was he a gifted instrumentalist and composer, he also had a fantastic singing voice” (145).
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770 – 1727) Beethoven was an eminent German composer and pianist who is one of the most iconic figures in the history of Western Culture. Amongst other works, Beethoven wrote a great deal of keyboard and orchestral music, including 32 piano sonatas and 9 symphonies. In his so-called “middle-period” Beethoven composed his only opera (Fidelio). Music emerging from Beethoven’s “early period” is written in a predominantly classical idiom. In this period, the composer was attempting to thoroughly comprehend the musical procedures utilized by Mozart and his contemporaries.
George Walker was a successful man. He conducted, wrote, and played a part in many different pieces of music in his day and age. In November of 1945, Walker played in the third piano concerto by Rachmaninoff along with the Philadelphia Orchestra and Eugene Ormandy, the music director and conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra. Walker then went on to conduct his String Quartet No. 1and Lyric for Strings in 1946.