Bowlby spent time working as a psychiatrist in London in the 1930s where he worked with orphaned children. This period of time encouraged Bowlby to evaluate the importance of the child's relationship with the mother. It helped form his belief about the connection between early infant separations with mothers and later issues with the child's social, emotional and cognitive skills and ultimately led Bowlby to construct his attachment theory (Bowlby, 2005). Bowlby observed that children experienced sharp anguish when separated from their mothers. Being fed from other caregivers did not lessen the child's distress.
His idea of monotropy suggests, that an infant forms a primary attachment figure, which is one special attachment, usually with the mother. This relationship provides a foundation for the child´s future relationships. The social releaser, like smelling; which are innate contribute to this attachment. Bowlby suggests that those who miss that critical period of attachment have problems forming attachment in the future. Bowlby also believes
Other theorist also emphasis on the reason children are attached to their caregivers. The theory shows the important of a child parent relationship and how it affect a child’s development. The theory came about from observing baby developing attachment to primary
This essay will now look more specifically at the findings that have emerged which both support and challenge the relevance of Bowlby’s theory. To understand the behaviour of children and adolescence it is crucial to look at Mary Ainsworth’s findings; she showed that Bowlby’s concepts could be empirically tested. Ainsworth provided a stimulus for the immense amount of research that is continuing to develop the theory. Ainsworth’s Strange Situation studies (1970’s), where babies were separated from their mothers and styles of attachment were categorised based on the babies reactions to separation, were central in developing Bowlby’s attachment theory. Depending on the style of attachment, behaviour would be understood and even predicted.
He provided the four attachment styles , Ainsworth then built up upon the foundation of attachment . ( Attachment Theory , 2016 ) Like Bowlby Ainsworth she believed in Homeostatic systems but she took the research further with the strange situation With a failure of the intimal attachment can result in long term effects of the child’s development . Care givers pay a crucial part in the development of a child its important that they always tend to the child’s needs in an appropriate manner so that the child can have a healthy bond and development through infancy into adult hood . ( Firestone ,2013) Its evident through research and studies that attachment is important for the caregiver and most importantly the infant . ( McLead ,
For most of you, it was the bond between you and your mother beginning at the moment of your birth. (p. 127). The Freudian interpretation was believed that “it was the focus around the importance of the breast and the instinctive oral, feeding tendencies during the first year of life” (Freud 's oral stage) (p. 127). Later, the behavioral school countered that theory with the view that all human behavior is associated with the situation in which it occurs and its consequences (127). Furthermore, Harlow questioned exactly what about that connection that was so crucial?
It is worth noting that as with many theories on the individual, attachment theory does not try to explain, nor is it able to, cover the entire complexity of human development or interaction. The Genius of John Bowlby John Bowlby (1907-1990) is the child psychiatrist behind the development of attachment theory. Since the ‘50s, Bowlby worked alone and with distinguished colleagues such as psychoanalyst James Robertson, ethologist/zoologist Robert Hinde and psychologist Mary Ainsworth on several different studies. Bowlby suggested that due to the attachment between children and their carers, children suffer loss when they are separated. Bowlby’s study with the ethologist Robert Hinde, inspired the idea that certain attachment behaviours have
American psychologist Harry Harlow studied His attachment theory during the 1960’s. The attachment theory was first examined in the 1950’s by John Bowlby and James Robertson. The theory of attachment initiated as Bowlby started contemplating the type of bond between a mother her and child. Harlow’s experiments on attachment query whether the provision of food or comfort is more vital in the creation of infant-mother attachment. The independent variable in these experiments was the isolation that the monkeys were being exposed to.
(Oates, Open University 2015e). John Bowlby, a founder of attachment theory — believed that Children construct mental representations of what is expected from