Savannah Gitchel Mrs. Hodges-Bond Cambridge US History 3 October 2016 Meeting of the Minds Dred Scott The Dred Scott v. Sandford case was a pivotal point in leading America to civil war. The Supreme Court stated that even though Scott was in a free state, he was still the property of his owner and had to remain that way. Abolitionists were angered even further by this decision, whether they wanted complete abolishment, or just to stop the spread of slavery into the North. Reversely, the south was overjoyed with the decision. This increased the sectional conflict between the North and South.
The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery. The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
President Lincoln had ideas of his own, Lincoln 's plan for Reconstruction consisted of leniency and Lincoln giving amnesty to the South. He believed that punishing the South for causing the Civil War wasn 't morally right. Only under certain conditions were Southern states allowed to enter the Union, and once again become a nation. Ten percent of southern voters must swear loyalty to the Union, they could readmit. Once the voters sore, then called the state draft a new state
Lincoln’s and Douglass’s views differed from Davis’s because they did not consider the slaves as a chattel. Lincoln declared slavery illegal in the Confederate States in the famous Emancipation Proclamation. There is a famous quote form Douglass: where justice is denied and where any one class is made to feel that society is in an organized conspiracy to oppress and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe. Also, their views differed from Lydia Maria Child’s. Lincoln and Douglass believed the Constitution should be a protection against, rather than a sanction for slavery.
Decisions made in the 1850s ultimately decided the United States fate. From the election of 1856 to the Dred Scott case, the nation would become divided into two. The South was pro-slavery and supported the idea of slavery expanded into western territories, while the North opposed of the idea and was mainly against expanding slavery. Until the 1850s the nation barely balanced the slavery issue. The Kansas-Nebraska Act deepened the tension between the North and the South.
The quote shows the only way out for safety or protection is to secede from the state. The southern states seceded because of Abraham Lincoln 's election, which convinced that the slaves way of life based on slavery was threatened. Seceding from the state brought more intentions for the war to happen easily because states were separated and divided which brought issues in the union and the confederate states. Concerning the civil war, the north and the south used political strategies such as the anaconda plan and cotton to win the war. The anaconda plan was an idea by Winfield Scott to win the war.
This paper critically examines the Emancipation Proclamation and contemplates its effect through the cases of Plessey v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education and questions whether President Lincoln’s motive of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation was a pure moral objection to slavery. Although the Proclamation is and forever will be a progressive and positive development in American history given the abolition of slavery; I believe that the intention of issuing it was to do more with the defeating the rising Southern military rather than ending slavery due to moral reasons as hugely believed. After the Southern states ultimately withdrew from the Union, he made it clear that the United States Army was fighting to put the Union back together. President Lincoln restated this motivation in the Proclamation itself, describing it as "a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing the rebellion (of the Southern states)." The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners.
Politically speaking slavery had become a divisive topic among Northerners and Southerners. Both the North and South touted ideas of Nationalism and Democracy and both believed that they were honoring the idea of unification. However Southerners believed that supporting succession from the Union was the only way to “re-create a more perfect Union”(390) and that the republicans had caused disunity in the country by sabotaging the constitution’s guarantee of Liberty. They believed that the “enslavement of blacks guaranteed the freedom and equality of whites”(391) The North, now led by President Abraham Lincoln believed that the practice of slavery was not
Throughout the middle of the 1800s, the unity of the United States was threatened by the possibility of traveling closer to dividing into two separate countries. Disputes between the North and South grew as they disagreed on the allowance of slavery in the United States. The North strongly believed that slavery was immoral and should be abolished, whereas, the economy of the South greatly depended on the work of slaves in the cotton industry. After many years of compromises dealing with popular sovereignty among the states, a few key events led to the inevitable disunion of the United States. The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the decision in the Dred Scott case led to disunion because they resulted in disagreements between the North
For instance, Jefferson banished a white lad who sired a black baby to leave the state of Virginia lest she is placed out of the protection laws. This further affirms how difficult it was to overcome slavery in Virginia. Additionally, Southern Virginia had slave pricing and proceeds from such sales higher than those of stable food which further hindered any attempt for freedom . People with land tracts of farmlands in the southern Carolina and Georgia posit that ending slavery would adversely affect their farm proceeds