I think that Martin Luther’s life and accomplishments have had the greatest impact on our modern world. “Martin Luther began the Reformation in the early sixteenth century” (171-174). He also wrote the 95 thesis. Without Martin Luther today may not be anything like it is, everyone may have had to be only one religion, people may not have been able to express their feeling the way we can now. “By 1520 Luther had begun to move toward a more definite break with the Catholic Church” (174).
Calvinism was founded by John Calvin, a French humanist, who did most of his work in Geneva, Switzerland. John Calvin began the reformation of the church in 1543 when he wanted to turn Geneva into a Christian state. Lutheranism and Calvinism shared some of the same thoughts. One of the most commonly seen similarity was their views on salvation. Both believed that God chose certain people to be saved, and anyone not chosen would be damned to hell.
Europe had a political landscape at the time. After all of his research and investigation he translated the Bible into words common people could actually understand. He also started the Reformation which had many effects on the world. He brought free thinking to the masses because he believed everyone should have access to the Word of God. The Reformation ended up going much further than Luther had ever intended.
Augustine of Hippo was a Christian philosopher who played a big part and impacted Christianity greatly. Augustine helped Christianity by helping the Church by finding answers to questions that could have damaged the Church if they went unanswered. He explained to the Church original sin, the Trinity, and clarified the concept of predestination. Augustine was the bishop in the city of Hippo located in North Africa. He was the son of the famous Saint Monica, but despite his mother being a devout Christian his father believed in paganism.
He aided in the transformation of the ideas on religion in Switzerland that spread across countries. Though not as well remembered as Calvin or Luther, Zwingli is responsible for a great deal of change during that time. His sermons were the catalyst for an elevated thinking on religion across the world. Zwingli believed that God should be put first, and church should be second. He considered Scripture the ultimate law.
The Jesuits were an important part of the Counter-Reformation, by spreading the word of Catholicism across the world gaining new followers for the Church. According to an article in the Harvard University Press and edited by Anthony Grafton, “Jesuits” The Classical Tradition, Ignatius of Loyola founded the Jesuits and received approval from Pope Paul III by 1540. The group of Jesuits were an organized group of priests and lay brothers who spread the word of God around the world. Along with spreading the written word they also followed the vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience. The Jesuits main purpose was to practice and then teach the lessons of God to people who did not know about Christianity, that included Japan, China, Paraguay and North America.
Shaffer 1 Aaron Shaffer Ms. Gillam English 1 24, March 2016 Religious beliefs of the Elizabethan Era This paper will introduce you into the religion and struggles of the Elizabethan Era. The main two religions in the Elizabethan Era is Catholic and Protestants. Catholics were more favored because it's the main religion in England at the time. German Martin Luther wanted a new religion so he decided to make up protestant. He wanted a religion that's for everyone and not just one for people who lived in England and people ended up liking his idea.
In 1517, indulgence salesman Johan Tetzel came to a town near Wittenberg. Luther wrote a letter of protest to Archbishop Albrecht von Brandenburg; he included 95 theses that criticized papal abuses and indulgence sales. His theses were printed and circulated in Germany. His opinions preceded what would later become the Protestant Reformation, which had a lasting impact on the Catholic Church. Luther felt strongly about many aspects of the Church and made his opinions known during his lifetime.
In 1536 an Institute had given Calvin a reputation for the Protestant leaders, while Calvin spent the night in Genevalate, the preacher and reformer of Guillaume was creating Protestantism in the town. He persuaded him to continue to help in this line of work, his influence has not only persevered in the Church of England, where Calvin was greatly respected among those Puritans who were unfortunately separated from the Anglican Establishment, but also persisted in the Reformed churches of France, Scotland, Hungary, Germany, and the Netherlands. The latter was formulated into their own personal churches, Congregational or Presbyterian, which is what eventually brought Calvinism to North America. Even in today’s modern society these wonderful churches, along with the authentic Reformed Church and German Evangelical, recognize John Calvin as one of their founding fathers. William Tyndale William Tyndale was an English scholar who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation, his date of birth is unknown but most likely
King Saint Stephen I received many honors during his extensive life span. Stephen was born in 975 AD with the name Vajk, but, in 995 AD he was baptized by the 2nd bishop of Prague and re-named Stephen. The bishop who baptised him was named Saint Adalbert. Adalbert, who had converted Stephen’s father to Christianity was also responsible for Stephen’s religious education. Both Adalbert and Stephen’s tutor Theodatus put an extra effort into Stephen’s education because they believed he could rule well with Christianity.