Martin Luther was a Protestant reformer who criticized the Church’s ideas of selling indulgences in 1517 (Textbook). Luther believed that people could only be saved through faith in God. Protestantism encouraged people to choose their own religious beliefs, that led to the formation of Calvinist, Anglican, and Presbyterian churches alongside the Lutheran church, which had already existed. Luther nailed his
Some noteworthy reformers are Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Ulrich Zwingli. These men stirred and aroused thoughts of people throughout countries, and they brought about major and impactful change. Because of their efforts, the church, and therefore people's ideas, were transformed. Perhaps the least well known of the three men is Ulrich Zwingli. Though he may not
Once this happened many people all throughout Germany began to react to his convictions. He exposed the church for what he believed to be corrupt. Different protestant denominations began to spring up and they were in conflict with other Christian sects about the matter of how best to worship God.
After all of his research and investigation he translated the Bible into words common people could actually understand. He also started the Reformation which had many effects on the world. He brought free thinking to the masses because he believed everyone should have access to the Word of God. The Reformation ended up going much further than Luther had ever intended. He saw the rise of Calvin and Anabaptists, which were beliefs built off of his idea to break off from the church.
Puritan influences shaped the colony’s government. For example only land owning men who had a church membership could vote (T 62). The Puritans establishment of a state religion also influenced the establishment of smaller more tolerant colonies around Massachusetts and the actions of the Puritans towards the natives. The settlers justified their mistreatment and cruelty, such as the burning William Bradford describes, “It was a fearful to see them thus frying in the fire, and the streams of blood quenching the same; and horrible was the stink and scent thereof: but the victory seemed so sweet sacrifice, and they gave the praise thereof to God,” (Doc D), as the will of God. John Winthrop said in particular “If God were not pleased with our inheriting these parts why doth he still make roome for us by them diminishing as we increase?”
Luther wrote a letter of protest to Archbishop Albrecht von Brandenburg; he included 95 theses that criticized papal abuses and indulgence sales. His theses were printed and circulated in Germany. His opinions preceded what would later become the Protestant Reformation, which had a lasting impact on the Catholic Church. Luther felt strongly about many aspects of the Church and made his opinions known during his lifetime.
This map shows the individual houses built closely together with the church erected in the middle of the village shows how the Puritans’ ideas greatly influenced the settlements near New England. The Puritans had many strict moral codes regarding the behavior of the people, such as no dancing, card playing, or skipping church services. Severe punishments awaited the culprit, including flogging, sitting in the stocks, or even banishment. Roger Williams was a well-educated clergyman who was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of his religious beliefs. In “A Plea for Religious Liberty”, he explains how the Puritan’s uniformity would end in destruction (F).
Disobedience is seen all over the world, specifically in Europe, in Russia and in the United States of America. Oscar Wilde makes a valid claim about disobedience promoting social progress. There are many examples of disobedience throughout history. Most have led to reforms and societal progress. An example of disobedience is the reforms of the church made in the 1000’s and 1100’s.
I remember back to when I was a child, hearing about the First Great Crusade. A military expedition launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens, to conquer the Holy Land. It had caused a great deal of social chaos in this world. I heard about how the Crusaders overran Jerusalem, creating a citywide massacre of men, women and children. It was said that the streets ran with blood.
He also paved way to a new reformed branch called the puritans, which were concerned of purifying the english church of any catholic influence left. This also resulted in many succession issues as the successors to the throne were catholic and protestants. Also many wars between the branches sprung from there. Whilst they had different initial reasons and they had carried out different actions in order to reform Christianity, they had come to create different branches and set into action the forever going changes in that
During the sixteenth and seventeenth century, many scientists had developed a new perspective on the world around them. Scientists such as Galileo and Copernicus envisioned a world where natural phenomenons could be proved through experimentation. Furthermore, the work of scientists during this time period were affected by the approval of political figures, the support from influential members of the church, and social factors that influenced the development and acceptance of new theories. To powerful political figures, scientific theories were regarded as an opportunity to gain power and money.
When the renaissance emerged from the middle ages, it brought new ideas of thought to the surface. Individuals like Leonardo Da Vinci proposed that to achieve a fuller understanding of God and the universe one must understand the natural laws and mathematics that govern it. During the 16th and 17th century in Europe, religion and politics affected the Scientific Revolution because there was no separation of the two in science, this is why the Church restricted scientific progress and politics pushed for scientific improvements for personal gain. Up until this point, religious scripture was undisputed.
Religion envelopes a plethora of distinct phases, structures, and beliefs. For example, religion could be used as a vessel that enables a support structure, creates wider unity within a group, and pushes things like charity. The other side of the coin, however, is one of corruption, injustice, and greed. Out of the two, Arthur Miller chose the latter when it came to the production of his play The Crucible. Although, being a fictitious account of the Salem Witch Trials, The Crucible used the realistic setting, and overall premise of Salem Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials.
The Scientific Revolution brought new ideas and methods to the people of the world. Enlightened philosophers sought to learn more about the world and in time learned things about the world and its elements than ever before. There are a lot of things simply taken for granted today that were a huge innovation in the 1500s when the Scientific Revolution began. Countries in Europe destined for growth were a huge beneficiary of this new knowledge available to the world. Activity in the field of science and knowledge in general was on the rise throughout the world.