John Calvin was born in 1509 and he died in 1564, he was a prominent French theologian during the Protestant Reformation. John Calvin was the son of a lawyer. He was born in Noyon, Picardy and was therefore a Frenchman. John loved a lot scholarship and also for literature. In 1523 he went to the University of Paris where he studied theology.
Catholic Reformation The Catholic Reformation which is also known as Counter Reformation or Catholic Revival was the time of Catholic resurrection which began in response to Protestant Reformation, initiated with Council of Trent (1545–1563) and summing up at the close of the Thirty Year’s War (1648) Started to safe the power, impact and material wealth enjoyed by the Catholic Church and to present a theological and material challenge to Reformation. Reformation The Reformation, spoken of as to the Protestant Reformation, was a split in Western Christianity started by Martin Luther and followed by John Calvin and early Protestant Reformers in 16th-century Europe. It is mostly thought to have started with the publication of the Ninety Five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517. Martin Luther Martin Luther was a professor of theology, composer priest and a monk. He used to oppose many teachings and sayings of the Roman Catholic Church.
This work and Summa contra Gentiles are two of his most famous works. Summa contra Gentiles is a work of apologetics written mainly for missionaries. It included defenses against Jews and Muslims. Thomas started writing this work while he was master of theology at Paris between 1256-1259. He became a lector at Orvieto from 1261 to 1265, and this is where he completed Summa contra Gentiles.
John Wycliffe, the most prominent of the reformers before the Reformation and was known as the “Morning Star of the Reformation” , was born at Yorkshire, England perhaps between 1320 and 1330 and he died at Lutterworth December 31, 1384. He was an English Protestant theologian, philosopher, church reformer best known for his role in producing the first complete translation of the Bible into the common language which is English. He is a critic of the Catholic Church as he is considered to be an early Reformer. In 1378, Wycliffe began a systematic attack on the beliefs and practices of the medieval church. He taught that the true church consisted of Jesus Christ and the rest of his followers not the Pope, saints and the selling of his indulgences.
ref. began with the formation of the Council of Trent, which was created by Pope Paul 111 in 1545. It ended near the beginning of the 30 years war. The main reason the CR was created was to reform the Church, but it also tried to fight back against the Protestant Reformation and stop its spreading. The PR was a religious movement that was initially aimed at reforming the Catholic Church but later tried to end its practices.
He took the decision to study medicine in England. John Locke believed that one could choose the religion that they most liked. He became an influential philosopher writing about political philosophy, education and epistemology. His writing helped the foundation of modern Western philosophy. In the year 1690 he published an essay about the understanding of human, which became a great impact in his career.
The Council of Trent was built in response to the Protestant Reformation; and because of this, it is known for being one of the most significant movements of the Counter Reformation. John O’Malley,
Martin Luther was a monk and a professor at Wittenberg. He taught and studied about the bible. Martin Luther played a significant part in the protestant Reformation. Which was a corruption in the church and reformation of the church. He played a significant part in it because, he wrote the ninety- five theses.
John Calvin was born on July 10, 1509, in France and is known as a journalist and Theologian. Around the time he was going law school was the time he joined the Reformation. He was important in the Reformation because he was a spiritual and political leader. He was the person you implemented a religious government by using Protestant principles which resulted in him being the absolute supremacy leader in Geneva, Switzerland in 1555. Luther and Calvin were like a dynamic duo bringing great qualities to their reformation.
Just as God inspired the Scriptures to teach doctrine, so God inspired leaders throughout the history of the church to introduce additional doctrines and practices. The collective writings of the early church “fathers,” the decisions of the ecumenical councils, and the decisions of the popes constitute this authoritative church tradition. The council included as part of the Bible the Apocrypha, books from the inter-testamental period that the Jews and the Protestants excluded. The Council of Trent officially pronounced eleven books of the Apocrypha to be Scripture. The result is that the Roman Catholic Bible today includes in the Old Testament seven extra books and four additions to existing books.