Jonathon Edwards led one of the first religious revivals in MA. He proclaimed humans sinful and corrupt if they don’t repent then God was prepared to send them to hell. The Great Awakening put its faith in Scripture while the Enlightenment put theirs in science. Christians and philosophes both wanted religious freedom and they shared a scorn for political or religious leaders who appealed power over others by virtue of divine right. Both didn’t accept the basic principle of why the king of England supported by the Church of England or had any inherent right to rule over the American
They did not agree with the religious structure where authority passed down from pope, to bishops, and priests. They were Congregationalists who felt each congregation should independently run its own affairs. They puritans believe in seeking salvation as success indicated God’s grace, but God had already determined who was going to be saved. They felt because of their strong urge to bring religion
Despite what many might think, Seventeenth-century slavery in America is well known across hundreds of nations all over the world. Slavery in America has been around for several centuries and has a very important meaning in the lives of many. Slavery in America in the late 17th century, was the direct result of a labor shortage in the English colonies. Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony and chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude. The headright system was a method of getting cheap laborers as well as increasing the population of the colony by giving the indentured servant independence after a certain number of years of service.
This included items like food and clothing. Before the revolution, there were limited sources to transport goods to the different countries and cities needed for businesses to make a profit. Slaves helped produce products like : sugar, tobacco, coffee, cocoa, and cotton. This helped to get out the goods and supplies to other nations and cities to bring in money to the owners of the businesses and farmers. With more products being created, and more money coming into business owners pockets ; more slaves were needed to keep up the paste of income in this new economy.
From the beginning, the main focus of the New England colonies was religion. The Puritans created the Massachusetts Bay colony in the 1620s because they wanted to establish a christian utopia in the New World, free from persecution(Doc A). While the colonists ultimately failed this goal, they still left their mark on New England society, as seen in Document E. In this Document, the Puritans are calling for the regulation of wages in Connecticut . This is because they were against excess, and believed everything should be in moderation. The idea of regulating wages so that they weren’t too big would have been ludicrous to the Virginians.
African Americans became free by using the underground railroad to move North away from the South. The Underground Railroad gave Africans the ability to run away from the distress of slavery. Becoming free allowed slaves to build their own institutions. They began building churches, schools and mutual aids. “In the antebellum decades, the black institutions that had appeared during the revolutionary era in urban areas of North, Upper South, and – to a lesser extent – the Deep South grew in strength, numbers, and variety.
One of the colonists’ main goals was to be free of the king of England. Many people in the colonies believed he was a tyranny and wanted absolutely nothing to do with him. The only people that wanted to have a king or any political relations with England were the loyalists, or Tories. As Document 3 displays, the colonists wanted the loyalists out of their new to be country. Because they wanted the Tories out of the colonies, they hung them by a pole by their waste and tarred and feathered them.
Thomas Paine feel like that there is no reason to not start a revolution as Britain does not has the right to control America and their continent as it would be too much to tolerate and would be out of the circle of convenience. He shows that eventually the US would eventually get tired of being govern by someone who is far across the world and who are also ignorant in the American issues. He states “if they cannot conquer us, they cannot govern us.” Also, he treats freedom as a fugitive who needs a place to live, but no one is willing to take it in their asylums of government. Only people take in governments of monarchy and dictatorship. Thomas Paine believes that democracy is what the people want and need to have a good government.
Religion played a major role in the development of democracy and mercantilism in the 16th to the 18th century, since it created of new nation based upon self-reliance, self-motivation, and self-government. Self-reliance was something that was learned from most of the people at the same time. People began to do trades in order to get money, or prove to the government that the people could do trades themselves. “According to the mercantilists, the chief measure of a country’s wealth was the amount of gold and silver it could amass.” (Document I) People began trading for gold and silver and made a good amount of it,
During the colonial time slavery began when Africans were taken to America. They worked on plantations or as servants. People who are victim to modern-day slavery are brought into the system in a very similar manner. These people were promised a better life in America, but when they arrive they are put to work for little to no pay. The places these people are held are commonly shared by many other victims stuck in the same situation.