Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development.
The id must be well-ordered in order to fulfil social demands. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for satisfaction into socially suitable goals. Freud believed that most people would successfully meet the challenge of each stage and move to the next. He also believed that some people did not successfully meet the challenges of a stage and became fixated or obsessed with that stage and thus their development was hindered. So all the development stages are very important.
If the child is getting encouraged and praised by their careers as they learn then with can build up their self-esteem and confidence as if they didn’t then this could make the children have insecurities about their own abilities to do things and would have a need of people reassuring them, this could lead up to them having Lack of motivation and having a poor self-esteem about doing new things. When growing up children will look for role models this could be their carer. If their carer had poor social and communications skills then this could have an effect on the child as they would reflect form them and wouldn’t know any difference, so this would affect their development. Children that have limited opportunities to develop their communication skills could have poor behaviour and attention span. It varies for a children’s expectation as if they had past experiences as if they had parents that had poor experiences in the education system then this may think that the child if the same and make them have low expectations on
Where, Erikson is known for his eight Psychosocial stages which is also part of the psychoanalytic perspective Freud is known for his five stages that focus on the development of life with each stage
They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem. Nevertheless, the kids often experience increased anxiety.
VERSUS ERIK ERIKSON Similarities and dissimilarities Both Freud's Psychosexual Theory and Erickson's Psychosocial Theory cover the issues surrounding the different stages we go through whilst growing up. With both theories, these different stages are characterized by particular areas
Sigmund Freud was known as the father of modern psychology and the development of psychoanalysis. Freud develops a theory of the human mind and their behaviors. Sigmund Freud develops a psychodynamics theory, which consists of the personality and the Id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamics theory was a way of explaining how humans mind works and their desires. Also, the psychodynamic theories develop during childhood experience and shape personality.
Introduction The history of psychology —like the history of the twentieth century —could not be written without discussing the contributions of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Both supporters and critics of his theory of personality regard it as a revolutionary milestone in the history of human thought (Robinson, 1993). Sigmund Freud 's theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a crucial role in managing their children 's sexual and aggressive drives during the first few years of life to foster their proper development. Freud 's structural model posits that personality consists of three interworking parts: the id, the ego,
For infants we can provide pacifiers a swell. 3 Adolescence & Learning /0765 Zulfa Jaleel / 5588 Anal Stage (1-3 yrs) In this stage the focus of libido gets to be centered on the anus and the child gets incredible delight from pooing.
Conclusion Ascribed status predicts different types of challenges that a person is likely to face later in life, and socialization plays an important role in this respect as well. Despite these challenges, people may reach higher achieved statuses because generally human beings have great resourcefulness and they can be very determined. However, the difficulties in reaching a high achieved status are very different, and some people may never manage to overcome the difficulties associated with a low ascribed status and with social
I think the exploited children would have a hard time regulating, expressing or understanding their emotions and building & maintaining social skills. “Normal” children who are their age would be involved in play time, that play times let’s children learn and develop social skills and emotions. Those exploited children wouldn’t have the change to develop those skills, compared to other children because they need to develop survival skills. I think that children compared to the exploited children would have higher self-esteem. I think that because they would receive authentic praise, base on their merit.
Without structure, it may lead to them making bad choices later in their lives and doing things that they may not see as wrong. However, if they do learn some basic structure by receiving these participation trophies, they will learn the basis of very many vital skills needed to succeed later in life. Trophies are not just symbols of winning; they are symbols for several other things also, including that participating in life will do one good (Stevens,
Emotional – This is a vital part in a child and young person’s development as a child needs to be emotionally secure and have attachments. If they do not have this with certain people such as, parents or carers, it may be difficult for them to emotionally develop. Also, children and young people who have low self –esteem or have very low confidence issues may result in them finding it hard to socialise, build relationships or even engage in learning and may not be encouraged to try out new things. This can then have an increased effect on their overall development.
It is known fact that the past shapes us in ways that we have control over, and ones where we don’t. Past events and experiences are a powerful factor in our sense of identity and belonging in that it helps us realise who to be and who not to be. It is the past that teaches us who to belong to and who to avoid. For example, children raised by abusive parents might grow up to despise abusive behaviour and choose an identity that has no resemblance to that of their parents. Also because of their past experiences, they might choose not to belong to groups or families who are abusive.