Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development.
He also believed that some people did not successfully meet the challenges of a stage and became fixated or obsessed with that stage and thus their development was hindered. So all the development stages are very important. Parents must take their responsibility to develop
If the child is getting encouraged and praised by their careers as they learn then with can build up their self-esteem and confidence as if they didn’t then this could make the children have insecurities about their own abilities to do things and would have a need of people reassuring them, this could lead up to them having Lack of motivation and having a poor self-esteem about doing new things. When growing up children will look for role models this could be their carer. If their carer had poor social and communications skills then this could have an effect on the child as they would reflect form them and wouldn’t know any difference, so this would affect their development. Children that have limited opportunities to develop their communication skills could have poor behaviour and attention span. It varies for a children’s expectation as if they had past experiences as if they had parents that had poor experiences in the education system then this may think that the child if the same and make them have low expectations on
He was very interested in cultural diversity, social change and psychological diversity. Where, Erikson is known for his eight Psychosocial stages which is also part of the psychoanalytic perspective Freud is known for his five stages that focus on the development of life with each stage
Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences. They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem.
SIGMOND FREUD VERSUS ERIK ERIKSON Similarities and dissimilarities Both Freud's Psychosexual Theory and Erickson's Psychosocial Theory cover the issues surrounding the different stages we go through whilst growing up. With both theories, these different stages are characterized by particular areas
Sigmund Freud was known as the father of modern psychology and the development of psychoanalysis. Freud develops a theory of the human mind and their behaviors. Sigmund Freud develops a psychodynamics theory, which consists of the personality and the Id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamics theory was a way of explaining how humans mind works and their desires. Also, the psychodynamic theories develop during childhood experience and shape personality.
Introduction The history of psychology —like the history of the twentieth century —could not be written without discussing the contributions of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Both supporters and critics of his theory of personality regard it as a revolutionary milestone in the history of human thought (Robinson, 1993). Sigmund Freud 's theory of psychosexual development is based on the idea that parents play a crucial role in managing their children 's sexual and aggressive drives during the first few years of life to foster their proper development. Freud 's structural model posits that personality consists of three interworking parts: the id, the ego,
For infants we can provide pacifiers a swell. 3 Adolescence & Learning /0765 Zulfa Jaleel / 5588 Anal Stage (1-3 yrs) In this stage the focus of libido gets to be centered on the anus and the child gets incredible delight from pooing. Toilet training is the main problem in this stage and the child needs to control their bodily needs. Children who are successful in this stage is due to their parents approach in the toilet training. Parents who train their kids with praise at the appropriate time will help them to become capable and productive.
Consequently, the girl’s achieved status will be low, because she will continue to depend on others for her well-being, unless she decides to reject family values and pursue a career instead. Conclusion Ascribed status predicts different types of challenges that a person is likely to face later in life, and socialization plays an important role in this respect as well. Despite these challenges, people may reach higher achieved statuses because generally human beings have great resourcefulness and they can be very determined. However, the difficulties in reaching a high achieved status are very different, and some people may never manage to overcome the difficulties associated with a low ascribed status and with social