Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara were both certain that a limited war approach was the only way the war could be fought in a time when the Communist threat was so intrusive and nuclear weapons so destructive (Rusk 246). However, Schelling strongly argued that the limited war theory had numerous flaws, primarily that the strategy was an academic rather than a military concept. This consequently resulted with the misconception of the dynamics of war (Herring #2, 4). Hence, the North Vietnamese did not respond as limited war theory suggested that they would, refusing to bend to American pressure and instead tried to match the US escalation by escalating themselves(Herring #2, 23). As a limited war grew into a full-scale war, the military
However, the United States’ participation was not declared by the U. S. Congress, but when North Korean’s intention to take over South Korea were identified, President Harry Truman “ordered naval and air forces into action.” (Greenspan, 2013) The United States just intentions were based on stopping the spread of Communism not only within the nation, but internationally wide. Thus, although the Korean War had many casualties, according to the Jus Ad Bellum principle, the United States’ participation was
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.
Many presidents before Regan tried to threaten the Soviets and use force to end the Cold War. Regan wanted to try something innovative and distinctive. Reagan announced the new approach the U.S. would take to ending the cold war, which was going to be more encouraging and less threatening. (Pach Database) Regan said he was sick of fighting with the Soviet Union and wanted to try anything to end this dispute. His peaceful approach shocked the Soviets and was a big reason this non-violent war was ended.
Vietnam had been an important symbol for capitalism for the USA government with the fail of China in 1949 and the failure in Korea from 1950 - 1957 it was essential for the US that Vietnam maintained a capitalist presence and not lose Vietnam to communism. Since it would be a massive personal blow to the US government as well as the US authority around the world. There are many arguments that US tactics were inefficiently used. To begin with they used heavy bombings which did damage North Vietnams supply routes the Ho Chi Mhin trail but it did not stop the trail which provided the Viet Congs with equipment and weapons from neighboring countries. It's an embarrassment that the US failed to stop countries such as Cambodia and Laos since the
The U.S. military wanted an invasion but Kennedy countered saying it would be a bloody and terrible battle for both sides coming off with fresh wounds from World War 2. Both sides really did not want a war to begin and both superpowers were trying to get the upper hand in the arms race. But negotiations kept going and President Kennedy and Khrushchev both sent letters and radio messages to try to resolve the conflict before war sprung. Thus, the most tense part began wan both sides readied their armies because they thought war would happen. The doomsday clock had begun.
The US also got involved to stop communism from spreading from North to South Vietnam. Military advisors were sent to South Vietnam in stemming aggression by communist North Vietnam beginning in 1954, during the Eisenhower administration. The number of the advisers grew consistently until numbering over 15,000 during the administration of John F. Kennedy, who succeeded Eisenhower. Lyndon B. Johnson became president in 1963 after Kennedy was assassinated. He continued the policy, but in 1964 he became concerned that South Vietnam was going to be overrun, he was fearful of being considered soft on communism and was concerned that a
The previous conflict that the US had with the USSR about the spread of communism was already lost and a great deal of tension for the US. They di not want to repeat that. Some extremists in the US believed that there would be no solution to the eradication of the tension from the Vietnam War other than for violent protests to take place. There was a revolutionary group that was later formed, this group in the late 1960’s wanted to overthrow the US government to prevent the Vietnam War from escalating any further. The Gay rights protest and the Vietnam War protests were both important during the 60s and 70s and the youth were against these events and decided it was important to express their opinion.
The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
King’s speech is a powerful and it gives a different view to the war in Vietnam. King was against everything about war and what it mean. He was against the way America did not help the poor in its own country, but it aids a war that is causing many deaths and is ruining lives on both sides of the fight. King provided several steps in his speech that he though America should make to get out of the conflict. King wanted to speak for both sides and wanted to be speak for the rest of the people that was also against the violent
Truman specifically called for Congress to support Greeks against Communist uprisings. This speech was eventually interpreted as a doctrine against all people, nations, and items affiliated with the Communist ideology. The Truman Doctrine was a specific request by the leader of the US to prevent the encounter and exchange of Communism in Greece and the rest of the world. Furthermore, the US initiated a containment policy, which sought to prevent the expansion of Communist ideology and Soviet repression, which included direct military engagements. For example, President John F Kennedy entered the Vietnam War with intention defeat the Communist North
Ngo Dinh Diem was the president of South Vietnam who was an anti-communist. President Kennedy increased his financial aid to Diem to diminish the accusations of “soft democracy.” But before Kennedy was assassinated, he claimed that the war was “their war.” In the end, Kennedy wanted remove the troops from South Vietnam. Some Americans agreed with Kennedy’s path, to return home from war, but many others supported President Lyndon Johnson’s approach, to send more troops. By the middle of the 1960’s, more than 180,000 Americans were stationed in Vietnam. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam had stated that they, “cannot stand up to pressure without substantial U.S. combat support on the ground.” This statement caused Johnson’s administration to continue adding more and more troops to the war, leaving there to be about half a million soldiers stations in Vietnam by the end of the 1960’s.
1) a) John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States; he supported the civil rights of African American and promised to assault the Soviets if they tried forcing communism in America; however, he tried to maintain peace and prevent nuclear war in the United states. 2) b) Flexible response was a policy taken by Kennedy and his team to prevent the occurring of nuclear war and the usage of nuclear weapons because if the nuclear war started it will have a huge effect on the whole country and the citizens. 3) c) Fidel Castro was a leader eho declared himself a communist, thus forcing the communist rule in Cuba. The enforcement led to the Cuban missile crisis and the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. 4) d) Berlin
President Roland Reagan outshined three pervious president, Carter and Nixon and Ford on the Cold War Strategy. He refused to continue with Nixon’s Détente which was later renewed. To defeat the Soviet Union. Regan’s interest was applying principles through military measures and diplomatic relations which contributed to the end of the cold war. Reagan’s tactics was to rearm and strength the military, the Secretary of Defense, Casper Weinberger acknowledged it could crippled Soviet Union’s Military and economy causing disorder.