In 390 BC, he concluded a tripartite alliance with Evagoras, king of Cyprus, and Athens. This alliance led Persia to begin supporting Sparta in the Corinthian War, which eventually led to the ending of that war by the Peace of Antalcidas in 387/6 BC. In it, Artaxerxes II proclaimed his authority over the cities of Asia Minor and Cyprus gave full autonomy to the Greek city states of mainland Greece as long as they did not make war on him.  After the end of that war, Persia turned its attention to Egypt, but Hakor, supported by the Athenian general Chabrias, held them off in a three year war between 385 and 383 BC.  Hakor died in 380 BC and was succeeded by his son Nepherites II,
This was accepted by two very strong leaders, King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany, therefore creating the 2nd Crusade. The crusade ranged all over, from Anatolia, Egypt, Levant, to the Iberian Peninsula. It was a surprisingly quick crusade which ended in 1149 with Muslims taking over the Holy Lands. This was the beginning of the fall of the Crusade States, the loss also left Jerusalem barely protected. In 1189 the 3rd Crusade, also known as The Kings’ Crusade, began.
Basically, it’s imperative to point out the fact that the roots of Western civilization can be traced back to Mediterranean classical ancient times, as well as other parts of European predominantly occupied by the Greek. In this regard, the geography of Greece played an important role in the development of the Greek Civilization, for instance, “HIST 101 Western Civilization I.” (n.d) states, “Greece is an extremely mountainous, peninsula almost completely surrounded by water. It includes both a mainland and some 1400 outlying islands in the Mediterranean Sea.”
Parmenides, (conceived c. 515 BCE), Greek rationalist of Elea in southern Italy who established Eleaticism, one of the main pre-Socratic schools of Greek idea. His general educating has been perseveringly recreated from the few surviving pieces of his essential work, a protracted three-section verse arrangement titled On Nature. Parmenides held that the assortment of existing things, their changing structures and movement, are yet an appearance of a solitary interminable the truth ("Being"), accordingly offering ascend to the Parmenidean rule that "all is one." From this idea of Being, he went ahead to state that all cases of progress or of non-Being are irrational. Since he presented the technique for constructing claims about appearances
through 432 B.C while that of Pantheon was constructed much later in 126AD. The difference in the time of construction suggests the reason Pantheon building is looking more recent than the Parthenon building. The Parthenon building is located in Athens while Pantheon is located in Rome. The Column pillars of Parthenon was made of Doric and ironic order while Pantheon was built with Corinthians columns. Granite columns used in the Pantheon building were actually quarried in Egypt while the columns of Parthenon building were constructed in Athens with all the sculptural work of art (Moore, 2004; Silverman,
In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Mesopotamia was colonized by the Sumerians, but was later
He introduced the names of such rivers a s Nile, Ister (Danube), few other coasts, islands, shores and regions. His advanced k nowledge of geography not only had predated Greek colonial expansions, but also wa s used in the initial Greek world maps, made by Greek mapmakers
Alexander had studied under Aristotle and spread Greek culture and language throughout his conquered territories. As he conquered new territory, he built new cities. In Egypt, Alexander built Alexandria with a library that held scrolls from all parts of the empire. It was also a place for scholars and thinkers to gather. Although, Alexander’s empire fragmented into smaller parts ruled by his generals, the library represents an emerging attitude in late millennial empires.
“Paul was born a Roman citizen (it is not know how his father or ancestors acquired citizenship, though military or other notable service is a strong possibility); accordingly, he was given not only a Hebrew name (Shaul) but also a Roman cognomen (Paulus, though some have argued that he adopted this Roman name at a later point). At any rate, the fact that in his letters he shows great ease in relating to Gentiles suggests that he obtained a Greek education while in Tarsus.” He was brought up to become a Pharisee following in his ancestor’s footsteps. He was later converted to Christianity on the road to
As the Roman borrowed some ideas as well as came up with their own while adapting to the new advances in technology. Many of these designs we still use today in which originated from the Greek, were modified by Romans and reused and fixed up again by us. The Greek and Roman architecture is very similar, being they were inspired by the Greeks pre-existing work and then began adapting their own
Direct Comparison #1 (similarity) Both Christianity and Islam spread its influence through military conquests. Direct Comparison #2 (similarity) Both Christianity and Islam believed in an afterlife in hell and paradise. Direct Comparison #3 (difference) In Christianity, their god has several personas, but Islam’s god is only one version. Direct Comparison #4 (difference) In early Islam, women received much more rights and freedoms than the females did in early Christianity. Evidence - The First Crusades was formed between the Byzantine Empire and Christian armies from Western Europe in order to capture Jerusalem, or the Holy Land.