First of all, to be clear, the Problem of Evil is an argument that shows that God cannot be either all- powerful, all-knowing, and/or all good. This argument can be set up as following: 1. If God exists and is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent, there is no evil in this world. 2. Obviously,
Finally, I argue Swinburne’s solution to the Problem of Evil is persuasive. First, I begin with Swinburne’s views on the kinds of evils. According to him, there are two kinds of evil: moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil refers to all evil caused deliberately by humans doing what they ought not to do and also the evil constituted by such deliberate actions or negligent failure
However, Lot’s wife looked back, and she was turned into a pillar of salt” (Genesis 19:26). God is capable of altruistic acts, but this does not mean that he is not one to fear. In the case of Lot’s wife, God destroys two cities and the immoral people contained within because of their absolute depravity. He then goes and kills Lot’s wife because her “look[ing] back” signifies her defiance to God’s will. She questions why God would destroy those people instead of accepting that he knows what he is doing.
If God were omnipotent, God would have the capacity to do something. Furthermore, if God were ethically flawless, then unquestionably God would want to do something about all the evil and suffering. But, yet there are still countless instances of evil that fills our world. Concluding, since God does not prevent or eliminate all unnecessary suffering, logically, God does not exist. Hume concludes that if you want to make sense of all the evil randomness of the universe with the sense of God’s attributes, “You must prove these pure, unmixed, and uncontrollable attributes from the present mixed and confused phenomena, and from these alone.
I find this argument to be more agreeable. In Mackie’s Evil and Omnipotence, he argues many points to support why it should be believed that god does not exist. At the beginning of the article, Mackie states that the initial issue with God’s existence is that, “God is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists” (Mackie, Paragraph 3). If god is such a pure and good being, then he should be able to combat all evil. The first statement that showcases that God is omnipotent, God is wholly good, then evil cannot possibly exist.
John Stuart Mill wrote that we cannot call God good for he is a perfect being and the word ‘good’ is a word that describes the highest form of human morality. I believe this statement to be true in a sense. Good is a term that has a relative meaning when describing things. Good is from a perspective of the individual. In this paper I will be arguing that the word ‘good’ in the phrase “God is good” is in relation to the opinion of the person describing God, and that it cannot be known to our reality if God is objectively good.
The Agents of Good and Evil There is this belief that the Christian God is good and all-powerful. He has the power to create worlds and beings, yet there is still evil in the world. Both Pierre Bayle and Voltaire address these questions in their works “Paulicians” and Candide (respectively). They both believe the Manichean philosophy as a more rational thought process than the contemporaneous Christian view. This belief is that there is not one, but two gods in the world; a god of good and a god of evil.
God did not want a motherless child, but the soul and free will the drunk driver possesses allowed him to make his own decision to drive under the influence. God is not the scribe of evil, evil is the reflection from a fallen world as the result of man and satan. James 1:13 says, “God is light, and in Him there is no darkness at all”. Accordingly, if Christ has no darkness in him, he can not create evil; it is like building a brick wall with no bricks. So, it is stated in the Bible that He does make good of all, that does not mean he created the evil he allows to have some positive outcome.
When Keller talks about the punishment theodicy in his writings says “Beginning of Genesis and concludes that all suffering can be justified because human kind rebelled against God, and the suffering of the world is just our deserved punishment for sin.” The Book of Genesis explains the general character of human suffering. Is suffering really punishment of God or does man himself cause the consequences of his actions on him by rebelling from God? The answer would be man’s rebellion against God is cause of
Another argument he has made to support his idea is that the idea of God must be an innate idea, meaning we were “born with” the knowledge of God’s existence, because the idea of a supremely perfect being cannot be adventitious or factitious; However, all of these are incorrect, and one can easily figure out why through simple reasoning and common sense. First, let us discuss his point regarding us imperfect mortals being unable to
The theological problem of evil refers to the problem that comes with a world that acknowledges an “all good” and “all powerful” God, yet evil and pain are still prominent. If God is omnibenevolent and omnipotent, then why does evil still exist? In John Hick’s Evil and the God of Love, Hick attempts to justify the existence of evil in his own Theodicy. Hick’s “soul-making” theodicy” attempts to defend the existence of God with an understanding and acceptance of the existence of evil. Hick acknowledges that there is a knowledgeable separation between God and people, and he states that people are morally flawed and “immature creatures”.
However, these statements contradict each other, so all three cannot be true. The next statement is that there are no limits that can be placed on an all-powerful thing. Also, a wholly good being will eliminate evil as much as possible. If these two statements are true then an all-powerful, wholly good being is able to eliminate all evil in the world.
If this God exists, then evil does not. However, evil does exist. Therefore, an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent God does not exist. The evidential problem of evil states that since evil does exists, evidence alone is incompatible with a perfect God, and thus negates the possibility of God 's existence. There exist
His speech is not simply aided by the frightful connotations held with each word, but by the objective nature of his statements. Edwards speaks not from personal view, but from the view of a spiteful God forced to gaze upon the state of His creation. The omission of phrases such as “I believe” or other personal statements places the central focus upon God rather than Edwards himself. Despite his reputation as a gifted, educated minister, an audience of anxious colonists is likely to fear God in a manner which cannot be held towards a mere human being. By speaking instead for God Himself when Edwards declares, “Men’s hands cannot be strong when God rises up”, a superstitious audience is left petrified with distress.