John Keats To Autumn Analysis

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The Analysis of Poetic Elements of “To Autumn” by John Keats
This essay will focus on the poem To Autumn written by John Keats. The author published it in 1820 with other works from the set known as “1819 odes”. Keats was inspired for this poem after an evening walk near Wnichester, according to many sources. The work, that was written in a form of the ode, could have a great personal meaning for the author. To Autumn marked the ending of Keats’s poetic career and the start of the last period of his life. Keats trained to be a surgeon and mentioned signs of the tuberculosis in a few months after he finished the poem. “It is almost as though the medically-trained poet has understood that his life will soon end and he is preparing himself for
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This season “conspiring with him how to load and bless with fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run” (Keats l. 3-4). The author gave human traits to other times of year too. Summer is represented as a male, while autumn is a female, according to BBC’s analysis (“To Autumn” 4). Together seasons form a close union that results in abundant crops. Autumn’s femininity is highlighted by “thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind” (Keats l. 15). Because of personification, both summer and autumn can feel regrets as their lives pass and think about predecessor, spring in this case. Autumn is concerned about the disappearance of its youth: “Where are the songs of spring? Ay, Where are they?” (Keats l. 23), but the author advices it not to be jealous as the season has its own benefits. Personification gives Keats an opportunity to create such discussion with autumn and “remove himself” from the poem as it focuses on season’s traits, not poet’s personality and attitude to the situation. Personified autumn works hard during its first part to achieve mellow fruits, abundance of hazel-nuts and other products. Then it needs to process them; but this period gives autumn some free time to be “drows 'd with the fume of poppies” (Keats l. 17). The last month, as the third stanza shows, autumn can spend fully on…show more content…
Period in people’s life that starts after 50 years is often called “the golden autumn” not by coincidence. The season is still full with summer traits, like warm sun, fruits and flowers. But signs of winter or coming death are already noticeable. The autumn symbolizes a time, when people can fully use results of their work during the “summer” period. Symbols of abundance of these crops appear through the whole poem. Plants are loaded with fruits, animals are full-grown and bees hurry to gather honey from late flowers. As autumn appears as a person, poem also symbolizes a union of human and nature; it is a common theme for the “pastoral” art. Last stanza has many images of this movement, like bleating lambs, singing crickets and birds. Symbols of the union that was achieved throughout the landscape also appears in the beginning of the poem, when fruit wines “bend with apples the moss 'd cottage-trees” (Keats l. 5). As medical experience could help Keats to see early signs of his disease, the poem could symbolize the beginning of the end of his short
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