John Locke And Machiavelli Analysis

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John Locke, Jean- Jacques Rousseau and Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli analyze the concepts of human nature. Individually each philosopher has a distinct perception on human nature in itself. Locke and Rousseau define the natural state humans are born into, while Machiavelli illustrates the characteristics a person must have to be a effective leader. These alternative conceptions of human nature outline the differing mental processes of each author. Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli- used syntax and interpretation that varied, which served to characterize their stances on human nature.
These contrasting ideals of human nature, can be supported or dismissed by Charles Murray 's interpretation of the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class in America. Murray’s novel Coming Apart, redefines the American social classes and establishes the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class. In analyzing the evolutionary shift in the demographics of social classes in the United States- he addresses not only the shift in american ideals but also the impact caused by it.
Topics like equality, liberty, and law of nature are analyzed by both Locke and Rousseau. Locke depicts the state of nature to be, “a state also of equality” (Locke, pg.8). Meaning that humans are born with equal rights and no one is superior. While Rousseau believes humans are inherently born with an inequality which he calls, “natural or physical” (Rousseau, pg. 45) These topics do not have answers like algorithms,
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