The individuals’ perspective would shape the way how individuals construct the knowledge about the world. (Weber,2004, p.5) Saunders emphasizes on how the researchers comprehend the world according to their different roles as social actors. This construction of knowledge suits people and social actors better than some objects such as computers. Sometimes, even knowledge processed by the computers can be well interpreted by the interpretivism as the continual process of the computer programming consists of symbolic interactions that people have written the subjective language and rules into. It contains certain degree of uncertainty and ambiguity.
Throughout history there has been an abundance of ancient philosophers, including Plato, who explored metaphysics and its relationship to the real world before Descartes’ began questioning the idea. Nevertheless, his views on dualism are very different from Plato’s. As we know, Plato thinks and feels as if the body is just a vessel for the soul, but Descarte on the other hand strongly believes and shows proof that both your soul and body are connected and intertwining. Stating one is not superior to the other, both work hand and hand, affecting each other. Descartes states that “I reflect therefore I am.” Descartes shows through his dualism that though the mind and body are separate , they are connected and reliant on one another.
Inner experience comes through self reflexion and provides ideas such as beliefs, ideas, and thoughts. Unlike outer experiences, inner experiences can differ from person to person. Thomas Jefferson and his colleagues used the “Tabula Rasa Theory of Human Behavior” as reference when writing the Declaration of Independence because Locke believed every person deserves a shot at happiness since birth. In the Declaration of Independence, our founding fathers write that the “pursuit of
Are we always at the mercy of others and our own experiences? Are the truths we cling to always reality? Are we ever truly free or are we always prisoners in our own mind? These are some of the questions that went through my mind while reading Plato’s allegory of the cave. Through them I’ve come to understand one of the biggest themes in this allegory is our ability to “shackle” ourselves mentally, but also our ability to free ourselves if only we have the courage.
Perception is the process by which we formulate and translate our sensory impressions. Perception is the way we interpret the world all around us. People behave according to the way they see or believe their surroundings to be rather than the way they actually are. Our life experiences, the positive and negative, add to the impressions we form. It is common to base our impressions on the roles and social norms expected of others.
Different things require a specific criteria for determining its self and personal identity. Hume explores the conception of personal identity, memory, and cause and effect. He explains the reasoning why we relate objects to certain conceptions as well as to why we think causes are linked to effects. Also, Hume does not agree with Locke’s theory about experiences determining your self and personal identity. I personally do agree with Locke’s theory because I have had some experiences in my life that I believe have shaped my true self and personal identity.
In this sense, Smith (2012) argues that the issue of natural rights theory has been successfully employed by many to justify resistance to unjust laws and revolution against tyrannical governments. The second part of the theory of the natural rights theories has more to do with special rights such as non-consensual and consensual special rights. For example, consensual special rights refer to those rights that every individual has to enter into an agreement or arrangement with another as long as the two assent to that agreement or arrangement. This agreement could be between employee and employer. On the other hand, non-consensual special rights are rights that arise out of an unchosen relationship that do not need any party to consent to such an association.
It helps to explain one’s behaviour. It is defined as a tendency which characterizes an individual’s perspective about his self-independence and control by others (Corsini, 1999). It refers to the individuals’ perception regarding the underlying causes of different events that take place in their lives and also the ability to control over what happens to them. It is defined as a personality trait. Locus of Control is a personality dimension which helps to explain an individual’s trait and behaviours and refers to his/her very general, cross-situational belief about what determines the reinforcement in life (Haggbloom, Warnick, and Warnick,
Reason and emotion have always played a significant role in humankind’s decision-making. Both of them, however, play different roles in one’s attempt to make a decision. Emotion may be described as subjective, conscious experiences caused primarily by psychophysiological expressions, as defined by New Oxford American Dictionary. This way of knowing might affect human behavior, but, at the same time, may preserve our physical body. As an example, when in danger, our instinct is to escape in order to save our own physique.