To begin, Locke and Hobbes were two outstanding thinkers who argued in different ways, Hobbes believed in the legitimacy of absolute monarch and Locke believed in a government based on the will of the people being governed. They both represented a growing trend in European society in the 17th and 18th centuries to use reason as the final judgment of things, including the conduct of kings. They contributed to modern political science, and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. Hobbes has influenced to some degree what can be done to change a government by the people, the contributions Hobbes did led to the foundation of what today is the conservative party. On the other hand, Locke was very influential in shaping modern politics, our current view of human nature, the nature of individual rights, the popular constitutions that exist today and the building blocks of the liberal party.
In addition in document B, if the government restricted religious freedom you would get people at each other’s throats. When society limits religious practice to one faith, you have bullying by the state. When you limit to two religions, you can have civil war. When all faiths are welcome, you have peace because not one group can control all the others. Again, individual freedom is the key thing, this time in religion - for a smoothly running
“The only task of the government is the protection of private property because private property is a guarantee of individual freedom.” John Locke was an English Philosopher who lived through the early 1600s and was an essential individual that created the idea concerning “Life, Liberty, and Estate.” The ideas of the Founders’ about government were greatly influenced by Locke’s writings, particularly our Declaration of Independence. 1ST PARAGRAPH - What did Locke think would happen without government? A State of Nature is a society without government or laws. Locke believed when men became overpopulated enough to the point where land becomes scarce, then men needed law beyond the natural law. The natural law, although valid, was not always kept.The transgressor, who defies the natural law, can be punished by all men.
The concepts caused England to stir and it also impacted the intellectual of unpinning’s that would later on contribute to the American and French Revolution. Therefore, Locke was exiled from England in 1683. When John Locke came back to England in 1688 his essay was published like his other book when he came back. His arrival back in his homeland had come in the aftermath of the dramatic departure of King James II, who'd fled the country, allowing the Whigs to rise to power. Later called the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the event forever changed English government, moving the balance of power from the throne to Parliament.
Early Enlightenment thinker John Locke presented to the society documents which championed inalienable rights including life, liberty, and property. Liberty in specific becomes a most crucial topic in the debate deciding what conditions the state should prohibit speech offensive to some groups. Much later, John Stuart Mill built upon and constructed reformed ideas that contrasted the early enlightenment and would then be known as the Mature Enlightenment. In his works now classified as neoclassical utilitarianism- he was an avid follower of Jeremy Bentham, the father of Classical Utilitarianism- Mill also presents invaluable perspectives which can be used to discuss the debate While Locke’s philosophy would justify that speech can be banned
The Declaration of Independence was firmly based on the ideas of John Locke. The document stated,“that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and
Thomas More had an abundance of revolutionary ideas for his time, many of which he penned down in his famous work Utopia. More’s greatest focus in this short book is placed on exploring the possibilities and benefits of a new kind of government. His views on such things as freedom, community, and the innate nature of man were all considered when creating what More views as the epitome of a successful government. It is baffling to realize that, using these same principles of freedom, community, and the innate nature of man, another author could come to a conclusion in direct opposition with More’s outcome. Nevertheless, this is exactly what occurred when Thomas Paine, a political writer during the American Revolution, examined what his utopian society would look like.
Accommodationist believe that, although the Constitution says that congress shall make no respecting an establishment of religion it is only referring to congress aiding a specific church organization. Their argument is that as long as government doesn’t favor one religious group over others that it is legal. Like any group you have extremist that are very strong willed in their belief. Accommodationist extremist push for religious control as far as prayer in schools to be dictated by the local officials. The main religion would be dictated by a poll.
Clearly visible in his written works, James Madison’s vision of politics centers around the self-interest of the individual. Although this is especially prevalent in the 18th century, a time when the fight for independence was the main focal point of the country, it was not the only form of politics. A contrasting voice to Madison can be heard from people, such as Thomas Jefferson, who radically stressed the importance of revolution and being a moving force for the entire community. Despite the fact both of these men were influential in the founding and legacy of the United States, their political approaches did slightly differ based on their perceptions of human nature and motivations behind human interest. This can also still be seen in the 21st century, where different schools of thought, such as liberalism and conservatism, are still widely debated in the political realm.
John Locke, an English philosopher and physician respected as one of the most powerful of Enlightenment thinkers. Locke’s writing influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, but most importantly American revolutionaries. (www.historytoday.com) He rejected absolutism, Advocated for natural rights, believed humans were reasonable and moral. Thomas Hobbe, born in Westport, England, was known for his views on how humans could succeed in harmony while dodging the threats and worries of social conflict. Thomas’s involvement during a time of turmoil in England changed his thoughts, which he portrayed in The Elements of Law in 1640, and his most famous work, Leviathan in 1651.