John Locke's Second Treatise Of Civil Government

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Kacie Lee 2/2/18 Tomasetti AP World P.6 ID #18 1. John Locke (476-477) John Locke was an English philosopher during the period of Enlightenment. He believed that rulers should take care of the people and he defined the government as a relationship between the king and the people. He wrote the Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690) which says that people have give political ability to the king, but they still have the privilege of life, freedom, and possessions. Furthermore, in his second treatise, John Locke argued that a ruler’s power is obtained through their people. Thus, if that relationship is broken, the people have the ability to overthrow the ruler. 2. Louis XVI (479-485) King Louis XVI of France began his rule when France was…show more content…
Clergy and high born lost their benefits and the bureaucracy was filled with people of merit. This is evident after analyzing the specific articles of the declaration. This declaration declared that all men are equal, which is demonstrated by the first article, which states that all people are born free with equal amount of rights for their whole life. Before this declaration, males born into a high social class received more freedom and justice, however this was changed after this declaration was implemented. Article 3 demonstrates that only the government has the ability to tell people what to do. This implements a brightline in which people are not able to act superior to others due to gender, social rank, or condition. Article 4 ensures that everyone, regardless of social rank or gender, has the right of liberty as long as it does not harm another. Articles 6 and 11 ensure that all people have the freedom of speech and right to take part in lawmaking. Articles 7 and 9 ensure that despite certain conditions, all people will be treated fairly by only arresting people who have broken the law. Even if arrested, everyone will be treated with due respect unless found guilty. Articles 13 and 15 declare that everyone will be expected to pay the same amount of taxes - even the rich. Article 16 bluntly declares that a society must guarantee equal rights for everyone. Article 17 ensures that everyone has right to property, and their property is not able to be taken from them unless there is a legitimate reason for doing
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