Legislative power operates under rules: it must preserve society, it can never be challenged (except by the majority), all laws put forth by the power must be followed by society. Yet, the legislative power can only govern with laws that are equally applicable to all citizens, must work solely for the good people as a whole, and cannot raise taxes without the consent of the
Nonetheless, there are basic principles that are shared by either. Consider what Hobbes had described in his work about the Leviathan. “...but if there be a common power set over them both, with right and force sufficient to compel performance, it is not void.” (Hobbes 100). In his work he describes an organization that must be in place in order to prevent the unavoidable result of everyone going to war with one another. While this is more of a forced ruling to make everyone abide by the same rules, it will perform its duty all the same.
To avoid this conflict and show that every man had undeniable rights, people needed a system that could distinguish who made the laws from who enforced the laws. However, to do this everyone's input and not just one person. On the other end of the spectrum Bishop Bossuet defended the divine rights of kings. What he called "The Divine Right of Kings" he defended with scripture from the Old Testament in the Bible. In the bible kings were only judged by God.
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
In the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson wrote in a list of ideals that he believed that the government should have. Jefferson states that every man is given certain unalienable rights, rights that cannot be denied. Jefferson argues that the purpose of the government should be to protect these rights. Jefferson believes that if the government fails to protect the rights of the people, the people have every right to abolish, overthrow, or change the government. Jefferson included many ideals in the document, and that raises a question: Which one of these ideals is the most important?
Absolutism gives all the power to the one and only monarch of the country. However, in the country that has fascism movement, the authority is on the government and the nation, even though there is a dictator. This means that even though if the dictator wants to do something, they should make sure that they have any reasons that would help the nation. Another ideology, communism is different from absolutism. In communism point of view, there should be no class separation between people, and all people are equal.
The natural rights philosophy, for instance, is the belief that government should only have the power that is given to them by the people. The common good philosophy, however, is the belief that the government should hold as much power as they possibly need in order to deliver the best possible outcome to their people. Both philosophies stress their own ideas, both positive and negative. The common good philosophy is the belief that man should do all that he does in order to better the life of not just himself, but the people around him. This has many good things and many bad things.
What Thoreau means by the Civil Disobedience is that every person should be govern more by his own moral compass that gives him much clearer answer to his deeds, rather than some laws of a government. “Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience, then? I think we should be men first, and subjects afterward.” (1) On the first reading of such statement, one can easily agree, but it is unimaginable that it could really work in reality. It would count on every citizen being moral and righteous.
"Natural rights are those which appertain to man in right of his existence. Of this kind are all the intellectual rights, or rights of the mind, and also all those rights of acting as an individual for his own comfort and happiness, which are not injurious to the natural rights of others." --Thomas Paine, Rights of Man, 1791. The Bill of Rights were derived from the English Bill of Rights. The Founding Fathers and the public felt that the constitution didn’t set up enough boundaries for the government, they felt that the government would assume too much power and take away the “Natural Rights” of the human.
Locke’s foundation for all his assertions on liberty is “that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties, should be also equal” (Locke 8). With this comes “natural liberty” which Locke defines as “to be free from any superior power on earth,…to have only the law of nature for his rule” (Locke 17). The state of nature is something that all men are born into, but must leave to gain both stability and law because in the state of nature, as Locke write above, nature is the only force that rules man. Once one leaves the state of nature a shift is seen; now, “the liberty of man, in society, is to be under no other legislative power, but, that established, by consent” (Locke 17). Locke equates the “law of Nature” as being related to the “law of God” and it is here where Locke’s argument can be seen as divinely ordained, in the same way Louis XIV’s rule was vested in God’s power (Locke 7).
In addition, the new Constitution balances the power of every branches of the government(legislature, judicial, executive), but under the Articles of Confederation the legislature branch takes all the power or all- powerful; and that does not make the nation become unite. Now, we must ratify our new Constitution for the good of our nation to be unite. First, in order for us to be united is to ratify the new Constitution and of the new Constitution the federal will be strong to preserve our freedom, promote our trade and protect our property; that 's something that our people and our nation really needs. But in order for us to preserve our freedom we