The Crucible written by Arthur Miller takes place in the 1700s during the Salem Witch Trials. All of the citizens in the town are extremely concerned with maintaining a clean and respectable reputation. After all, as they are Puritans, they are all concerned with dedicating their lives on Earth to God, so when they die, hopefully they will be welcomed into God’s kingdom. The Witch Trials provided people with a chance to falsely accuse their neighbors of witchcraft because they wanted revenge on them for the way they had treated them. John Proctor, Reverend Samuel Parris, and Judge Danforth are all characters obsessed with maintaining a good reputation in the eyes of Puritan society.
The concept of good and evil can be defined as ideas of complete opposites. A person that is good can be described as a person with virtuous morals and beliefs. In contrast, a person that is bad can be described as a person with atrocious morals and beliefs. In East of Eden, John Steinbeck claims that all human thoughts and actions can be narrowed down to a single theme of good and evil; he makes the assertion that a person can only be judged as such after that person has died. When a person dies, his or her traits of virtue and vice are absolute.
But to what extent are people willing to go under herd mentality? In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Miller uses the Salem Witch Trials to demonstrate how social pressure can influence innocent people to the extent of confessing lies in order to protect themselves from punishments or death. In the play, it has said that large number of accused have confessed in order to save themselves from execution; however , confession only prevented execution, not time served in jail (A. Miller). Most the the people confess before the court and are freed from execution; those are the majority of the survivors (Brater). However, there is one exception, John Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth Proctor.
Arthur Miller, a playwright, wrote The Crucible, a dramatized and fictionalized play. The setting took place in Salem, Massachusetts, during the Salem Witch Trials in 1692. The play is about the witch trials, which started due to the jealousy and lust of Abigail Williams, the leader of the witchcraft trial, wanting to have John Proctor, the main protagonist, again. At the end of the play, Proctor is led to his hanging. Throughout the play, there are many events that had helped him made his decision.
In the book The Crucible by Arthur Miller takes place in 1692 during the Salem Witch Trials and it shows an abundant amount of examples of how puritans are not pure. Arthur Miller has made many detailed characters that showed how being a pure Puritan is not capable of a human. One of these characters is John Proctor, John is an average person in this time period just living his Puritan life; but is broken by a horrible sight in the woods. John Proctor also has a wife named Elizabeth, and she had her life changed greatly shortly after breaking news was passed throughout the village. The main cause to this news was caused by a housekeeper of John Proctor named Abigail Williams; Abby was caught dancing in the woods with other girls performing spells and witchcraft.
Analyzing The Crucible’s Dramatic Structure Aristotle believed that drama and poetry should have an unmistakable beginning, middle, and end. Originally, it was a three-act structure, but in the following years this view of Aristotle’s was expanded to include more divisions in a five-act structure. This new format for drama, known as Freytag’s Pyramid, gives each act a purpose, helping the audience progress from exposition to resolution. Though The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, is only a four act drama, the play can still fit into Freytag’s Pyramid by applying more than one element to an act.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller is set in Salem, a small town in Massachusetts Bay in colonial America. As Puritans, the people of Salem were faithful, but close-minded and judgmental; they believed they were to be a “City on a Hill”. The more negative qualities of the people of Salem caused them to believe that the darker side of their faith—witches and demons— were always walking among them. Additionally, the Puritans’ strict and conservative faith led to the suppression of “sinful” feelings such as lust and violence. The fact that the people of Salem had no process for washing away sins, thus letting hypocrisy fester and grow, was one of the major causes of the Salem witch trials.
According to founding father Thomas Paine, “Reputation is what men and women think of us; character is what God and angels know of us” (“Reputation”). Whether individuals readily admit it or not, everyone cares about what others think or say about them to some extent. Though people are constantly told to not take to heart what others believe about them, they still do. In Arthur Miller’s drama, The Crucible, Salem’s society is collapsing and innocent characters are taking action because their reputation is at stake due to the false accusations of involving themselves in witchcraft. These characters live in such fear that if their pride is tarnished they will never recover from it.
In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, the town of Salem, Massachusetts is overrun with hysteria because of children who accused many of the townspeople of witchcraft. One of the accused was a man named John Proctor. While he was a respected farmer and member of the community, he had committed adultery with one of the accusers, Abigail Williams. ++++ +