Political liberalism is thought to have two central values -- autonomy and equality, both essential to reinforcing the value of the individual in society. To add on, tolerance is generally thought to go hand in hand with equality. The idea is that in order for every individual to have equal civil liberties and be treated as political equals, others that strongly disagree with their beliefs or lifestyles must at least be tolerant of them. However, the idea of tolerance in itself seems paradoxical. As philosopher Bernard Williams points out in his essay, Toleration: An Impossible Virtue, the biggest puzzle concerning toleration is that “tolerance...is required only for the intolerable” (18).
The general statement made by Elie Wiesel in his speech, The Perils of Indifference, is that indifference is sinful. More specifically, Wiesel argues that awareness needs to be brought that indifference is dangerous. He writes “Indifference is not a beginning, it is an end”. In this speech, Wiesel is suggesting that indifference is dangerous it can bring the end to many lives. In conclusion Wiesel's belief is suggesting that indifference is an end, it needs to be noticed and taken care of.
In the Axworthy Lecture, Cornel West discusses what it means to be human and have traits such as integrity, honesty, decency, and virtue, despite your humanity being rendered invisible. In America, the word justice has been altered to benefit the oppressor, rather than the oppressed. Incidentally, West states that in order to resolve justice, love needs to be implemented, publically, privately and tenderly within the system. Historically, American societies have imposed a form of “death” upon minorities, comprising of categories that include social, civic and spiritual assassination. Furthermore, West suggests that the identity of the oppressed is not defined by their features, but by the scars they have inherited.
As an American, and a human service professional, my primary job is to address the hypocrisy and moral corruption and confliction of those individuals and systems who solely convey America’s constitutional banner, but neglects its moral practicality. Americans think that by making everyone equal, constitutively and legislatively, we would effortlessly develop a moral society. Morality assumes that people have advantages over others such physical wellness, as skin-pigmentation, sexual identification, autonomy from mental illness and it dictates that we do not take advantage of those who are disadvantaged. Systems and society at large should not use our differences to justify the unjustifiable: inhumanly treatment and exclusion of other humans.
King states that “an unjust law is no law at all” because he believed that laws were put in place in order to benefit and aid the citizens of the state. If a law was unjust, however, it then was contradictory and should not be considered a law” (MLK). Martin Luther King Jr. stated, in his letter, “A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law, or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law.” King also says an unjust law is one that is forced upon a minority by a
Dubois come to this solutions with the approach of pragmatism. Pragmatism is the philosophical doctrine that rejects the quest for fundamental foundational truths and abstract philosophical systems. Pragmatists argue that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge, meaning and value. Dubois using pragmatism to approach to the problem of race. He suggests that by using pragmatist principles, we can arrive at the truth regarding race relations by seeing the injustice of racism and promoting social change.
In the short story “Harrison Bergeron, equality is clearly misunderstood, therefore I disagree that everyone in the story is equal. Although everyone was suppose to be equal because of the Handicapper General, they weren't. Equal doesn’t mean everyone thinks or speaks on the same level, equal means that everyone has the same opportunity and chances as others do.The correct way to ensure equality is to encourage success and put infrastructure in place to help and motivate those who are born into situations which limit their opportunities, and in this story, the government has not done this. The government’s idea is to enforce equality by handicapping talented people and preventing those with less talent from bettering themselves.In this story, the government's strategy is "equality by limitation." In American society, it should be "equality by opportunity."
The only way to control a faction, Madison claims, would be to remove the causes of a faction- to do this, one has to destroy liberty, which is a “cure worse than the disease itself”. Thus, just as in Locke highlights the importance of personal liberty and the main point of government, Madison follows suit and claims that the ultimate aim of the government is to protect and serve individuals without infringing upon their rights to their opinions and their
Libertarianism is a political philosophy that said that the state should interfere as little as possible with people. Utilitarians, differ from Libertarianism, because are primarily concerned with the advocating for human provision of a minimal level of well being and social support for legal resident and citizens. They maintained that society ought to be systematically arranged in whatever way that would best reached this end potentially defend the vase and achieve greater social equality for the needy. Utilitarians think that the right thing to do is whatever produces the greatest amount of happiness. Libertarians disagree.
As Mill says: “the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant.” The harm principle thus protects people from each other, not from themselves. We can thus do whatever we want with our own bodies. Suicide is a personal decision, and it does not harm others physically. Mill’s theory would therefor allow assisted