The values of Romanticism include the idea of individualism, human’s respect toward nature, and the emphasis on emotions. During the Romantic Era, many authors began to promote individuality and to oppose the society. In their art works, Romanticists often try to convince the public that all individuals should be unique, different from everyone else. Instead of following the social trends and copy others, individuals should trust their own decisions. The idea of individuality is clearly presented in Self Reliance, a prose written by Ralph Emerson.
However, although Hawthorne criticized the Puritans’ rigidity, he did not take the directly opposite view and embrace a life with no moral guide at all. According to critics Joyce Moss and George Wilson, Hawthorne was at least part of the transcendentalist movement, which pushed for individual freedoms and independence of thought from religious traditions (357). He believed there are no exact rules that are correct for everyone to follow in order to guarantee a solidly moral life. In fact, following someone else’s rules, Hawthorne felt, was the surest way to live a misguided life. Critic Mark Van Doren adds that Hawthorne did not believe there is no such thing as sin, but he did believe that to sin is a violation more against oneself than against God.
Firstly it is not based on evidence from plays and secondly it is self contradictory. The inherent contradiction in Johnson’s criticism of Shakespeare’s moral aspect becomes evident. He emphasizes the role of literature to be morally instructive as it should bring positive change in man’s life. Meanwhile, he also wants the writer to present human nature vividly, truthfully and clearly. We know that life in reality gives no obvious moral lessons to the observer.
Truth is the fact that has scientifically proved or logically makes sense with valid reasons. Comparing to my definition, a general definition of truth can be an obvious or accepted fact, which is quite similar, but mine is more detailed. In fact, my definitions are quite opposite to Picasso’s idea of art because I believe art portrays the author’s, painter’s, or composer’s true emotions on their artwork. Those emotions can be either about their feelings toward some objects or person, or personal statements as well as emotions regarding their life. In general ideas, art is viewed to use the imaginations to express ideas or feelings into drawings, paintings, sculptures, music pieces, and so on.
According to the critic Alex Ross, “Wilde’s aestheticism, his fanatical cult of beauty, was the deepest and most lasting of his passions, and it is now the most radical thing about him” (Ross para 5). Wilde was a member of the Aestheticism movement which tried to free art from being a tool for moral enlightenment and sought art as only being beautiful. In his preface, Wilde writes: “The purpose of Art is to have absolutely no purpose”. That is exactly Wilde’s philosophy of Art, the same philosophy generated by Basil in The Portrait. Basil seems to lead a truly simple life and is depicted by
Here, however, the poet is less a shaman (…) than a bard, an inspired and inspiring visionary whose words enchant his people. His power of enchantment is elevating rather than enslaving. His is a vision of harmony, beauty and music and his audience are enraptured rather than terrified. Yet they are still in superstitious awe of the poet-wizard, for he has power to exceed the limits of the world as they know it”(Fulford, 54-5). This is supported by the fact that while Wordsworth claims that a poet is a man speaking to men, he also adds that a poet is “endowed with more lively sensibility“and that he has „an ability of conjuring up in himself passions, which are indeed far from being the same as those produced by real events, yet do more nearly resemble the passions produced by real events“.
2.1.1 Fra Lippo Lippi realism or idealism in art / the flesh or the soul Poetry as an art form could manage subjects as religious dignity and idealized passion based on murder, hatred and madness and love. The length of the time period and location gives Browning the chance to critique and explore contemporary issues without fear of alienating his reader. He has the ability to create various characters or take them from real life, group them with consummate effect, place them in a dramatic situation, brighten tragedy with jollity, mellow
Buddha is considered a teacher who advises Buddhists how to live a pure life but does not impose commandments or use fear of hell or punishment. Also, the idea of sin or original sin has no place in Buddhism. An evil man is ignorant and does not need punishment, but more instruction and guidance for his enlightenment. The Christian concept of sin involves suffering, but suffering is not sin. Sin is alienation from God, and that alienation is the cause of suffering.
It was launched mainly to create "art for art 's sake" and to exalt taste, the pursuit of beauty, and self-expression over moral expectations and restrictive conformity. The freedom of creative expression and sensuality that Aestheticism promoted exhilarated its adherents, but it also made them the object of ridicule among conservative Victorians. Nonetheless, by rejecting art 's traditionally didactic obligations and focusing on self-expression, the Aesthetic movement set the stage for global, twentieth-century modern art. This movement is supported by notable and contemporary critic figure such as Walter Pater and Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was a contemporary critic and a playwright.
According to them, art needs no justification, it needs serve no political, didactic or any themes. In addition, in the 19th century Oscar Wilde attended to this belief and he states: ' 'A work of art is the unique result of a unique temperament. Its beauty comes from the fact that the author is what he is. It has nothing to do with the fact that other people want what they want. Indeed, the moment that an artist takes notice of what other people want, and tries to