-Naturalism- is that you can do anything you want by making your own choices. no right or wrong. -Christian theism- when we pass on we will enter the realm of God for eternity. -Naturalism – believes when we pass on we will not exist anymore. -Christian theism- Universe is an open system that God has control over and takes care of always.
There is a sense that this kind of universal scope is what makes Hesiod philosophical, just as Plato or Aristotle wrestle with questions of meaning, so does Hesiod. And just as later philosophers, Hesiod’s answers are representative of the best wisdom of the time. In Hesiod’s Theogony, as in all of the creation stories that I have read, natural phenomena are made human as to clear up the nature of the cosmos by applying human characteristics. This structure gives ease to understanding the meaning of things, and reinforce a world order that is designed after what the gods have done. This is like that natural law of philosophers that come later and provides rationale for ancient western
Friedrich Nietzsche a German philosopher was one of them. His style of writing looked like it did not question Kant directly at first look, but when one reads it further Nietzsche has critiqued the foundation of Kant’s theory of morality and faith in clear and concise paragraphs (Perry, p. 685). This paper highlights Immanuel Kant’s theory of reason to support the period of Enlightenment, which will be critiqued by Friedrich Nietzsche’s who would counter- enlightenment by challenging the foundations of Kant’s theory of reason through self- realization. As Nietzsche believes that intelligence is internalized resentment towards oneself, and reflects positivity, in reality, values of strength and laughter. According to me, Nietzsche’s arguments against Kantian universal reason stand strong with his ideology of will to
Hinduism is a religion that advocates tolerance. It teaches that all religions are different paths leading to one goal; all religions are different means to one end. Hinduism is not exclusive and accepts all religions as valid. Christianity, however, teaches that Christ is the only way to God. John 14:6 says, "Jesus answered, 'I am the way and the truth and the life.
Firstly, Immanuel Kant, born in 1724 and deceased in 1804, was German philosopher who strongly influenced modern philosophy. One of his most famous works is the Critique of Pure Reason which was first published in 1781 (“Immanuel Kant: Metaphysics”). As a philosopher, he believed in the TAG meaning he agreed that “logic, science and ethics presupposed the existence of God” (Martin 17). The combination of all of Immanuel Kant’s philosophy created the transcendental idealism which included the following. He believed that “our knowledge springs from two fundamental sources of our soul; the first receives representations (receptivity of impressions), the second is the power of knowing an object by these representations (spontaneity of concepts)”
It was, as if, an inevitable evolution of humanism on the way of knowing ‘Atman’ or ‘Brahman’ concluding that, ‘serving human is serving the God’. The ‘Upanishads’ are revelation of the subtlest essence of our being, which lies far deeper than the level of the common animal man. The pure self is one in all and is identical with the highest reality of the universe. The Upanishads thus, set the target for the human to be blessed, to be enlightened and to be good. The writers of the Upanishads were not bound by the rules of castes, but extended the law of spiritual universalism to the utmost bounds of human existence through sacrifice, abandonment of one’s ego and prayer, the exploration of reality by pure consciousness.
Augustine whose treaties on Trinity are one of the noblest works in the Patristic period and St. Thomas Aquinas who develops Augustine's idea that the ‘persons’ of the Trinity are individuated by their relations. Hence this dissertation would make an analytic and comparative study of Swinburne’s concept of a Triune God based on these two great scholars of Christianity. Swinburne has been criticized by Brian Leftow, Kelly Clark, William Alston and Edward E. Feser. Philosophers like Thomas H. Mccall, William C.J.F., Jeffry E. Brower, Micheal E. Rea, David Brown, Cain James, Davis Stephen, Peter Forrest and Van Inwagen Peter provide different but complementary and alternative methods to argue for the necessary existence of a Triune God. Hence this dissertation as it progress will make a comparative and analytical study of Swinburne’s concept of Triune God in relation to the study of these scholars.
Unlike the case for science, there is a unanimous agreement between Christians that the Bible is the fundamental source of religious authority. To Christians, the Bible is the word of God, and it is beyond the logic of verification and falsification; it is a matter of faith. Moreover, the authority of a religious dogma is absolute: two different dogmas cannot coexist in a single religion. For instance, Christianity split into the Catholic church and the Protestant church over indulgence, and Islam split into Shi'ism and Sunnism over the next Khalifa. These historical events show that maintenance of religious purity is a vital condition, otherwise possibly resulting in a bloody
There is a saying that “Nothing comes from Nothing but something comes from something”. We can explain the origin of the universe and the reason why it is like this if we believe in god. Existence of being greater than any of us and the rules for over all creation. It is not necessary for physical existence of god. We can say that god exists by thinking about god.
Also, He is ‘’holy, righteous, and just while at the same time loving, forgiving, and merciful’’. God created the universe without help and He is beyond time, interested in each individual and do anything at all. • They have the same belief in the need for a messiah to rescue God’s people. They believe in the existence of heaven, the external dwelling place of righteous, and hell, the eternal dwelling place of the wicked • To Christians, the central tenet of their religion is the belief that Jesus is the Son of God, part of the trinity, the savior of souls who is the messiah. He is God's revelation through flesh.
Author goes in seriousness with the subject of ethics. In the Earliest Near East, the non-biblical worldviews held two sets of ethics. One set deals with how people act together with each other. The other set of ethics dealt with how people acted upon the gods. For the Bible, moral behavior was defined by God alone and, therefore, not subject to the urges of public change.