He believed it put people under a “state of war”. He meant that if someone was to be enslaved that would mean taking away their rights and freedom. It put “arbitrary power of another” which was not what he taught.He believed anyone born and created by God was equal and that no one had a higher rank. This went against the divine rights theory which was popular at the time. Just as Locke taught American views adapted to his concept.
Later, Louis XVI took over the throne. He raised taxes then spent the money in whatever way he pleased (Doc 5). He also imprisoned anyone he wanted without doing trials and controlled people’s right to speak. None of these restrictions were close to Locke’s meaning of a government. Locke defended that a government should protect the rights of the people because every man have rights to life, liberty, and property.
Early Enlightenment thinker John Locke presented to the society documents which championed inalienable rights including life, liberty, and property. Liberty in specific becomes a most crucial topic in the debate deciding what conditions the state should prohibit speech offensive to some groups. Much later, John Stuart Mill built upon and constructed reformed ideas that contrasted the early enlightenment and would then be known as the Mature Enlightenment. In his works now classified as neoclassical utilitarianism- he was an avid follower of Jeremy Bentham, the father of Classical Utilitarianism- Mill also presents invaluable perspectives which can be used to discuss the debate While Locke’s philosophy would justify that speech can be banned
Nurture" type argument and both men were some of the best in their field. Locke argued that monarchy conflicted with the rights and privileges of the law of nature. Where as Bossuet argued that to go against the right of the king was to go against God. To avoid the sin of blasphemy everyone must acknowledge the king and without question obey his laws. And again, this was exactly what Locke was afraid of because who was to say what a King may demand the people to do.
• Thomas used Aristotle’s view of natural law to justify the authority of the Roman Catholic Church in political as well as religious matters. For the purpose of explaining the fundamental reasons of law he used Aristotle’s philosophy and added the use of an eternal ruler. John Locke • John Locke had a distinct influence on the writers of the American Constitution by advocating for human rights and liberty through democracy. In saying so, he believed that the mass majority of ordinary people can be capable of giving consent to their governor/ruler as opposed to the Monarch government. However if the ruler did not comply with the needs of the people, Locke believed that the public had the justified right to rebel.
Locke’s ideas of enlightenment were influential in the creation of the document. Like Locke’s phrase from Two Treatises on Government, “life, liberty, and property,” Jefferson, however, changed this phrase to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” This phrase is slightly altered by Jefferson and exemplifies Locke’s belief in natural rights implying an individual’s own rights. Locke also believed that when a government were to become destructive, the people have the right to rebel and abolish it. A government that does not protect these rights becomes a tyranny and is determined to be overthrown. Montesquieu’s and Rousseau’s ideas of enlightenment were also incorporated in the document.
Locke had stated that when an executive act for his own benefit, and not to serve the ends of the people. He “degrades himself” and becomes “but a single private person without power,” at which point he no longer has any right to rule over the people. Locke expresses the idea of rebellion against an unjust government. By giving the idea of rebellion, he also reveals that a human’s rights have changed over the years and that a man now has inherent rights. It was because of his declaration that the statement, “give me liberty or give me death,” become popular among the American people.
In the modern world today, John Locke’s renowned work of political philosophy is seen in Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, a document written in the late 1700s, pushing for equality that inspired the foundation of the United States. Thomas Jefferson was greatly influenced by the thoughts that were first penned by John Locke and wrote about how “all men are created equal,” corrospondingling to Locke’s work (Jefferson
Furthermore, he believed that we all have the right to protect our God-given rights and not harm others regarding their life, health, liberty, and possessions. Although Locke believed people are moral, he did acknowledge the fact there are is a small percentage of people who aren’t. Therefore, he emphasized the importance of having a democratically governed society in order to enforce rules, promote security, and preserve property. He thought the best way to solve social conflicts was for each individual in a society to come together and come to an agreement to live under one government that enforces laws for the greater
In John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, he argues that men may acquire private property by adding their labor to something. However, he also says that they can only take as much land that they are able to use, otherwise it is a waste. Sometimes the land that the men cultivate yields more than they can use, so they can barter for other things that they may need. Locke says that money came into existence because men needed something imperishable that they could still trade with, which was satisfied by gold and silver. Following Locke’s argument for the boundaries of the acquisition of private property, men can obtain an unlimited amount of wealth because gold and silver does not spoil or decay in the hands of the possessor.