In the sermon “a Model Christian Charity”, by John Winthrop, He delivers a religious based outline of the moral expectations he had for his puritan community. In an attempt to create a perfect Christian society, and to also sway people to behave in a hope to unite the colony and be successful. I believe that he had good intentions in presenting this sermon, but his “rules” were extremely biased, and always seemed to benefit the puritan society. Looking to create a bible commonwealth, Winthrop presented evidence from the bible to convince the settlers aboard the Arbella that god has this expectation of how to behave in society. He does this in hopes of thriving in the new world and creating a “New England”.
In 1630 John Winthrop led a group of intrepid settlers to America inspiring the immigrants to create a new society based upon the values of mercy and justice. However, Winthrop’s vision of America lacks two fundamental aspects of modern American society that makes it a shining example to the world: religious tolerance and social
During the seventeenth century, many Puritans were migrating to the New World, specifically to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1630, while en route to Massachusetts Bay, John Winthrop described America as a “city upon a hill”. In order to be the “city upon a hill”, everyone in the Puritan society had to strictly and willingly adhere to the law of the Puritan theocracy, in hopes of honoring the covenant which they had with God. The “New England Primer” was a device which associated letters of the alphabet with Puritan values, providing easier memorization of the alphabet as well as the Puritans’ values. By combining religion and education, as well as installing Puritan ideals into the youth, the “New England Primer” helps to establish the “city upon a hill” to which
Although the Spanish, French, and English all had major impacts on their respective settlements, the English had a substantial influence on what became the American colonies. From the early founding of Jamestown in 1607 until the calls for American independence in 1776, the people who settled in New England had a direct impact on the nation’s future. American culture and values changed over the course of the next one-and-a-half centuries, leading to uniqueness only present in the New World. Spanning from religious groups to scientific thinkers, developments in New England led to independent viewpoints that differed from Great Britain’s. Ultimately, this was a contributing factor for the American War of Independence in 1776.
Most commonly used to justify the actions of an individual or group, religion is imbedded in most modern day society through the use of religious rhetoric. This is also true of 17th century Puritan colonies, who justified the peaceful construction of their community, in 1630, and its episode of mass hysteria and violence, which occurred in 1692, with religion through religious rhetoric (Wintrhop, 1630; Hall, 1988; LeBeau, 1998; Robinson, 1991). Both cases had themes of brotherhood, Godly intervention, and Puritan acceptable behavior. By comparing the rhetoric used in the creation of the “City Upon a Hill” and the Salem Witch Trials, we can observe that even though events used religious rhetoric and had similar themes, their diction and tone
Over decades, religion in America has evolved its people into a diverse country. While, many would believe the American people have always had the stability to choose which religion they would practice, it has not always been that simple. This has been apparent throughout the course of history, but especially during the sixteenth century. During the early 1600s, religion was progressing off the Eastern Shores when colonist discovered the definition of the New World’s, religious freedom.
With the good fortune that was brought on by the colonization of America problems such as spiritual decline was on the rise. By the late 1600’s, New England ministers were criticizing problems that included public drunkenness to excessively high prices and wages. It was predicted that if the Puritans did not change their ways ruin and destruction would befall all (Oakes et al. 2017, 108). These behaviors were starkly juxtaposed to the beliefs of fate of Puritans that Robert C. Winthrop had previously purposed. Winthrop believed, unlike the many other religious who had made the same trek , the Puritans would be rooted in God’s law, making them the model society.
John Winthrop is known for founding and leading of the Massachusetts Bay colony in new England. Before going abroad to the “new world”, “John Winthrop had practiced law in and nearby areas around London prior to his affiliation with the trading organization called the Massachusetts Bay Company. ”He struggled with the decision to abandon his home. Winthrop was very aware of the hardships that had claimed the lives of half the pilgrims 10 years earlier, who had settled in Plymouth. As a strict Puritan in the first governor of Massachusetts Bay colony, John Winthrop believed that they could establish a pure church in new England for the Puritans.
The idea of the United States having Puritan origins is still alive today. In Sarah Vowell’s, The Wordy Shipmates, the topic of how a nation affiliates itself with Puritan perspectives is introduced. She encourages one to look beyond the surface information of the first English settlers’ motives in the 1600s, and to investigate what Puritan views truly are. She mentions the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, expressing his freedom to enforce his religious views on to a whole colony of people. The superiors of this religious group decided in the colonies what was appropriate for the society they are creating.
1.Hernando Cortes-Conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba in 1518. After he set off to explore Mexico aslo in 1518. King Charles Is appointed him governor of New Spain in 1522 after Hernando Cortes is overthrown.