Joiner's Interpersonal Theory Of Suicide

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Firstly, in Joiner’s interpersonal theory of suicide, he explains why people have suicidal behaviour. He states that three things need to happen to be at a higher risk of suicide, the desire to die, thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness; the desire to die is necessary (Joiner, 2005). Thwarted belongingness is the feeling of disconnect and alienation where one does not have connection with others; it is the feeling where one feels like no one cares and there is simply a lack of connection (ibid.). Those with more social belongingness like having family, friends and even social events like weddings, have a lower risk of CS as they feel like they are part of something. Perceived burdensomeness according to Joiner is the feeling that death is worth more than life, even though this might not be true it is perceived that way as it is a feeling from within (ibid.). For example, when life just does not feel right and is full of bad news, in this case it may feel as though death is better than life. These three components must come together and thinking these ways facilitates suicide. The desire to die must include the feeling of not belonging and feeling like a burden on others, this may lead to someone to die by suicide. However, even though one may feel this way, one must still have the capability to do so and not everyone has this (ibid.). Hence, there is a difference between those who want to die and those who can and those who do want to CS must have a

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