(“Alexander Pope” Britannica school) “Before he was 17 Pope was admitted to London society and encouraged as a prodigy” (“Alexander Pope” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia) His poem “An Essay on Criticism” was published in 1711. (“Alexander Pope” Britannica school) In 1717 he published “Elegy on the Death of an Unfortunate Lady” and “Eloisa to Abelard.” (“Alexander Pope” Hutchinson’s Biography Database)
Capote’s In Cold Blood felt passionately written and as if he was there in every waking moment of the murder of the Clutter family. Some would say that some events were exaggerated as all great stories often are, but looking at that, some parts of the story weren’t fully explained to him or he didn’t find out that would lead to some exaggerated moments of the book. Capote uses many literary devices within the book, such as imagery and diction to get his point across that in his eyes Dick and Perry are in the wrong and yet do not deserve the punishment they receive for their crimes. Capote does send off a hint that death penalty isn’t a must for all and should be used every time unless the crime is extremely terrible.
In the short story “The devil and Tom Walker”, Washington Irving uses satire to ironically criticize the institution of marriage, avariciousness and the consequences of greed at this time period, which is shown and represented by the protagonist’s marriage and his selfish desire for wealth in the story. Irving Washington was born in 1783 and died in 1859. In 1815, Irving began travelling through Europe, remaining there for 17 years. With the encouragement of Sir Walter Scott the author of Ivanhoe and a fan of Irving’s history, he began writing a series of stories that blended the legends of Europe with the tales he had heard while wandering in New York. The collection was widely successful.
Under his aliases he played the role of a satirist. For example, one of the authors he created was Jonathan Oldstyle, which was to imitate the British writers that could not accept the values of the United States. Even though writing was where his heart belonged, Irving’s father sent him to the failing family business overseas
Poe uses very complex syntax in many of his short stories and poems. He also uses irony and vivid imagery in order to convey a series of eerie truths that have resonated in the hearts of millions of readers. Poe uses great examples of situational, dramatic, and verbal irony in The Cask of Amontillado, Annabel Lee, and Tell-Tale Heart. His sentence structure tends to be long, flowy and intricate in the beginning “ Hereafter, perhaps, some intellect may be found which will reduce my phantasm to the common-place — some intellect more calm, more logical, and far less excitable than my own, which will perceive, in the circumstances I detail with awe, nothing more than an ordinary succession of very natural causes and effects.” (The Black Cat p.1).
Transcendentalism is an idealist philosophy many New England writers subscribed to during the nineteenth century. such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller led the way in the movement. Hawthorne’s life frequently intertwined with Transcendental ideology, and although he supported some notions of Transcendentalism, such as the importance of self reliance and consequences for actions, he could never fully align himself to the philosophy (Turner 52). In fact, Hawthorne cofounded and resided, for a short time, in the Transcendental community, Brook Farm.
Theodore Roethke’s poem ‘My Papa’s Waltz’ always inspires many conflicting and interesting opinions from readers concerning the author’s intended meaning when penning down the poem. Despite the poem being fairly brief, it is evident that the poet made clever use of rhythm, which initiate elaborate and emotional conversations about what the poem could possibly mean. There are many opinions about what Theodore meant in the poem. Some are of the opinion that the poem is a reflection of alcoholism and child abuse.
Nathaniel Hawthorne is one of the most studied and influential writers in history. His many works use symbolism and allegory to portray their purpose, filling them with deep meaning and offering a wide variety of interpretation. Hawthorne was not particularly proud of his family history; he disagreed with some of his ancestors positions in the salem witch trials. He distanced himself with that part of his family and added a “w” to his name to further do so. Hawthorne was born in Salem Massachusetts, which gave him a prevalent theme of puritanism in many of his stories.
He continues to state, “The thousands of injuries of Fortunato I had borne as best I could” (1). This presents betrayal by contributing to Fortunato’s “Thousands of injuries” (1), like many friends do. The insults, although are what Montresor states as his reason for his want for revenge this is proved when the narrator continues to state, “but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge” (1). However, betrayal through friendship is also shown through Fortunato as he believes Montresor’s “friendliness”. As
Kate Devlin brought Michael the past through her Irish Folktales, his friends brought him their families’ old rumors, Rabbi Hirsch brought his own history, and he gave himself his justice filled comics. All of the tales and histories became important to the actions taken by Michael in the story. Specifically in the stories told to Michael, the connection between fiction and truth is seen. In fact, in many cases where Michael hears from an untrustworthy source he corroborates by checking something or someone more likely to hold the truth. The story told to him about the Jews killing Jesus was one he was quite suspicious of, to a point where he consults Father Heaney and learns the truth of the matter.
Advice To Youth was a speech given by Mark Twain in 1882. In Mark Twain's speech, he gives advice, but not in the traditional way which the older audience expects. Although the title is Advice to Youth, the speech seems more targeted towards adults and authorities; although it does still give the youth advice. Twain does this in a manner in which he shows that many adults give advice that they do not even follow. Mark Twain uses juvenal satire, exaggeration, and symbolism to effectively get his message across and strengthen his argument.
In the story “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift, the people in poverty are being treated as if they were animals. Swift uses satirical devices to compare the lower class to objects in everyday life such as food and clothing. Swift says, “I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, encreaseth to 28 pounds. I grant this food will be somewhat dear…” (Swift 2)