“A desire accompanied by pain, for a conspicuous revenge for a conspicuous slight at the hands of men who have no call to slight oneself or one’s friends” (Rhetoric 1378a30). Anger is a desire, accompanied by pain, for apparent retribution, aroused by an apparent slighting against oneself or those connected to oneself, the slighting being undeserved. A sick man is angered by disregard of his illness, a poor man by disregard of his poverty, a man waging war by disregard of the war he is waging, a lover by disregard of his love, and so in other cases too. (Rhetoric 1379a19). Anger according to dictionary is a strong feeling of displeasure or hostility.
This sudden metamorphosis not only affects the character, but the novel itself. It shows the reader what greed and resentment can cause a man to do. From ruining lives to creating new ones, it inarguably takes away what little innocence still remains in men. Betrayal, like many things, may only be seen for the negative impacts it has on life. However, in defiance of the agony, it can show the true nature of men and what they do when they let covetousness and their weak human nature rule them.
Many authors have applied lampooning in their work to bring to light certain issues by criticizing different ideas in society such as politics, class division, wealth, and marriage by adding irony, sarcasm, and ridicule to emphasize the ludicrousy of the issue the author evaluated. One author that incorporated lampooning in his plays was Oscar Wilde. For example, in The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde publicly criticized the Victorian society so that audience was conscious of the foolishness that occurred in their society. In The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde used irony and satire to ridicule the views of the upper class, such as their obsession with wealth, their shallow, and materialistic personality. One of the many issues Oscar
The first time we encounter Nick, we can already see that his views on the mentally ill are derogative and that he’s only going to assist Lewis for his own benefit “Mad actors are bad enough, but madmen…” and “As long as you do Galileo with me”. When we see more of this behaviour displayed we abandon Nick as a likable and morally correct
According to dictionary.com, satire refers to “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.” (Dictionary.com) During the enlightenment period when Voltaire wrote Candide, communicating one’s displeasure with social and political issues was not acceptable and those who did were often looked down upon. By using satire, Voltaire is able to exaggerate his feelings while at the same time mocking social norms and those in power. Voltaire uses satire in Candide to communicate his opinions on several topics, which include, suicide, religion, sex, and the philosophy of optimism to name a few. Voltaire’s Candide is a story of a young man’s adventure and how his experiences change his philosophy on life. Although Candide’s adventures begin with a rather positive confidence that he lives in “the best of all possible worlds” his attitude is quickly transformed when he realizes the world is in fact full of evil.
In the novel, Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury, Montag, the main character, goes from loving his job to rethinking of his job. Montag came in mind that his job not only hurt him but also hurt society. He began to realize that he no longer enjoyed his job. Montag did not like the fact of knowing that his job was only hurting other people. In the novel, it states, “I was just figuring,” said Montag, “what does a hound think about down there nights?” (#1) This quote makes Montag very mad and upset.
When someone is full of pride, they cannot love others for who they are and tend to make bad decisions. The narrator only cared about himself and wanted to kill Doodle for his own personal gain. His pride took him over and led him into making the wrong choice. Then after the pride came the guilt that followed. It can be inferred that he will never be able to forgive himself after what he did.
Puritan’s harsh beliefs represented the beginning of the Nineteenth Century in the newly colonized America. Their community ruled with an iron fist: unforgiving, pitiless, stern. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne expresses his disagreement with puritan priorities by revealing the hypocrisy widely practiced throughout their community. Hawthorne’s utilization of dim diction aids in the establishment of his scornful tone, while inclusion of symbols and intricate juxtaposition all serve to accentuate the Puritan’s duplicity. All these factors combine to develop a critical tone which rebukes puritan society.
King Lear is so blinded by power and by his ego, he exiles Kent, a loyal character whilst attempting to help him see the truth. When Kent suggests “See better, Lear, and let me still remain / The true blank of thine eye”, saying he should be used as a tool to see things with accuracy and truth. Lear’s aggressive response is to call him a “miscreant” in a defensive and angry tone, and exile him. Lear’s reaction to Kent’s attempt of helping him is to insult him and call him an unbeliever creating an atmosphere of tension. This demonstrates to the audience how Lear is so blinded by what he sees he even rejects honest advice from a loyal character,
“The Devil and Tom Walker” written by Washington Irving, is a story that takes place in New England in the 1720’s. A major part of the story is satire as it is displayed all throughout the work. Satire is writing that ridicules or criticizes. Religion, marriage, and the white establishment are three different elements of society that are criticized throughout the story with satire. Religion and religious types are criticized through satire by Irving in the story.