When a social challenge begins to face a country, it tends to have a negative effect on the individuals residing there. This exact situation happened to Dublin, Ireland during the early 1700s, where poverty was the country’s current downfall. Jonathan Swift, a current resident of the country, attempts to help them recover by writing a proposal to England officials in hopes that it will get them to do something about the situation. When the England officials didn’t take notice of his proposals, Swift decided to take a different, satiric route in which would be an extremely, immodest proclamation. “A Modest Proposal” was a written proclamation created by Jonathan Swift that tries to handle the issue of poverty through an explicit, articulated scheme.
1. In his “A Modest Proposal” (1729), Jonathan Swift claims that Ireland is experiencing debilitating social issues because of England’s unjust policies. Swift indirectly exposes the social issues that exists in Ireland by proposing a satirical solution to them. Swift surfaces these issues in order to promote helping the poor and making them become beneficial members of society. The author uses a satirical frame to address public issues, thus he mostly is directing his essay towards the general public in Ireland, the victim, and England, the culprit.
1729, a Papist infected Ireland was being devoured by the taxes that the British placed on them. The taxes were turning into what once was a glorious place into ruins. Jonathan Swift, an Englishman and Irish sympathizer, realized that someone had to do something to wake up the British. This lead to the creation of A Modest Proposal, a pamphlet heavy with irony and juvenalian satire, which was how Jonathan Swift planned on compelling the British to do something about the poor situation in Ireland. His use of rhetorical devices gets his point across in an effective and powerful way.
He gives one example by saying, “...we are told by an eminent French physician, that fish being a prolific diet, there are more children born in Roman Catholic countries nine months after Lent than any other season.” Here, Swift compares the number of children and fish that are present during a certain time. He does this to further prove his case in hopes of convincing people that they should buy into his train of thought because there are a numerous amount of babies compared to foods we regularly eat. Later in the passage, Swift compares eating children to roasting pigs by saying, “... I recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife as we do pigs.” This quote is added to appeal to his audience in order to compare the kids to a commonly eaten dish. Throughout the passage, swift uses different rhetorical devices to portray to his audience how badly the British are treating the Irish.
Herman Koch delivers a riveting commentary on affluenza in his novel “The Dinner”, in which the deleterious effects of affluence play a crucial role in the unfolding events. The term ‘affluenza’ was recently popularized in the 2013 Ethan Couch trial; prior to the twentieth-century, it was heretofore unheard-of. Symptoms include extreme materialism and materialism in the pursuit of status to the detriment of one’s relationships, mental and/or emotional health, and more. When found in youth raised in privilege, such as Ethan Couch, and Koch’s Michael and Rick Lohman, affluenza manifests as an extreme disregard for others’ well-being. Today, the average level of wealth per household, and thus per child, has multiplied since the past decades, evidenced by anecdotes from elders, while affluenza has become a relevant social issue.
A Weapon of Change Satirical writing is effective at challenging ideas and inciting change in issues society faces. Satirical writing has a powerful influence on ethical and moral issues or flawed ideas; satirical writing is used when there is a need to point out ideas and issues. Satirical writing as seen in A child’s summer in Newfoundland by Rex Murphy and a Modest proposal by Jonathan Swift uses sarcasm and metaphor to challenge social and political issues. In a Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift satirical writing used in the form as sarcasm is challenging the issue of how Ireland’s poor are being treated. Jonathan swift uses sarcasm to ridicule the treatment of Ireland’s poor by the wealthy landlords.
He demonstrated that he was a capable leader and at the end accomplished his goal of helping the farmworkers achieve better lives and a better future for themselves and their families. He did it by using the vision that he had, the concern for the farmworkers and courage to keep going to guide him in his battle. In many instances he was able to give up but he continued to strive for his goal and proved that all it takes is the audacity to stand up for what is right. He caused major changes in society that affect society up until today which is why he is an important historic figure that will always be
Rhetorical Analysis of A Modest Proposal In one of the most famous and most skilled pieces of satirical writing, "A Modest Proposal," Jonathon Swift aims to reveal a number of social problems that were going on in Ireland during the eighteenth century. These problems included overpopulation, starvation, and poverty. In order to accomplish his goal of bringing attention to these problems, Swift assumes the role of an economic planner who is very impersonal, objective, and insensitive. Three elements that convey the difference between the narrator 's proposal and Swift 's actual purpose include the satirical character of his tone, the ironical humor in his outrageous solutions to expose the prejudice against the poor Irish people by taking extreme measures, and the use of diction to dehumanize the
Boylan and Timothy P. Foley’s Political Economy and Colonial Ireland dissent from Oldham. They claim that the Great Famine was a critical turning point for the political economy and its method of laissez-faire. They also claim that the decline of Ireland’s political economy was due to the difference between Great Britain and Ireland. Allie Stopford Greene said, “Englishmen could not understand Irish conditions. The political economy they advocated for their own country had no relation to Ireland.” (Boylan and Foley, p. 8).