Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a significant nineteenth century Norwegian dramatist, poet and theater executive. He is regularly referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the authors of Modernism in theatre.His significant works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll 's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder. He is the most oftentimes performed play writer till date after Shakespeare, and A Doll 's House turned into the world 's most performed play by the early twentieth century. A few of his plays were viewed as shocking to a large number of his period, when European theater was obliged to model strict ethics of family life and respectability. Ibsen 's work analyzed the substances that lay behind numerous veneers, uncovering much that was disturbing to numerous peers.
In him are found all the characteristics of the cultured Spaniards of his Age: First, a soldier, then an artist, and finally, a mystic. (This succession of three stages was very common in Spain to wit, Charles I, the man who reigned over the largest empire in history, retired early and went to live in a monastery preparing for a Christian death!) As a young man, Cervantes fought for his country and his religion at Lepanto in 1571 against the Turks, where “he was twice shot in the chest and had his left hand maimed for life for the greater glory of the right,” 2 as he loved to say, with justifiable vainglory. In fact, during all his life he was prouder of his nickname –The Cripple of Lepanto– than of writing Don Quixote. On his return to Spain in 1575 his ship was attacked by Moorish pirates and he was kept prisoner in Algiers for five years.
The drama, in its truest sense, combines all other forms of art (music, vocal, dance and design) to represent and effectively convey a message to its audience, be it heroism, romaticism, chivalry or just a mere reflection of ordinary life. The ability of the drama to deliver a subject matter to the audience with a tied up emotional bearing made it a popular entertainment during the Renaissance period- the rebirth of classical values (NAXOS.com, 2015). Rossini is one of the most celebrated composers of all time. His heroic melodrama, “Tancredi” (first staged in 1831) was written when he was twenty (Classical.Net 2015) and was considered as a remarkable representation of his youthful creativity. Accordingly, his contemporary and biographer Stendhal remarked that “Tancredi” was the composer 's most genius work amongst all his works and claimed to be the "genuine thunderbolt out of a clear, blue sky for the Italian lyric theater” (Gosette and Brauner 2001).
Ekphrasis and Aestheticism in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray Oscar Wilde was a famous author and playwright, well known for both his literary works and the drama that surrounded his personal life. Born in Dublin in 1854, Wilde attended both Trinity College and Magdalen College, distinguishing himself early on as a classically talented individual. Upon graduation, he moved to London to pursue a literary career. With his charm and exuberance, he was quickly accepted into many prestigious social circles. His friend Frank Harris described him as “not only an admirable talker but […] invariably smiling, eager, full of life and the joy of living, and above all given to unmeasured praise of whatever and whoever pleased him (Harris 4).” As well as being charismatic and likeable, Wilde was extremely witty; he had a way with words that served him well both in his career and in his personal relationships.
He soon got married, had three children, and ultimately left to pursue a career in London as a playwright and actor. Success soon followed and he became the most popular playwright in England, and also partial owner of the Globe Theater, which was very successful in Shakespeare’s day. Even though William Shakespeare died in 1616, at the fairly young age of 52, his literary pieces, all thirty-seven plays and 154 sonnets, still continue to live on all among the world. A Midsummer Night’s Dream was written in the mid-1590’s, it is one of William Shakespeare’s most delightfully strange and engaging creations.The play illustrates Shakespeare’s growth as well as his imagination. Even though Shakespeare included many references to Greek mythology, it was not based off of any certain source.
In 1580 Philip rose the height of his power after claiming the Portuguese throne (Harris 64-65). The chivalric and pastoral novels showed their last spark of life before being replaced by the picaresque novel. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra’s novel Don Quixote was one of the most important literary works of the Golden Age (EncyclopediaBritannica.com 1-2). Spanish poetry originally took on the Italian style of metre and verse form and then evolved into the wordplay known as culteranismo and conceptismo (EncyclopediaBritannica.com 2). Spanish poetry was heavily influenced by Spanish and Portuguese poets; one masterpiece that came out of this time was Luis de Camões’ epic, Os Lusíadas.
The Impact of William Shakespeare on American Society “To be, or not to be, that is the question.” These famous lines from William Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet” represents how Shakespeare is one of the most dramatic writers from his time. Shakespeare began his career during the reign of Elizabeth, which is often referred to as the Elizabethan Era or The Golden Age of Elizabeth because England was flourishing. Shakespeare was a poet, writer, and an actor, often regarded as the greatest writer in English language. There is no doubt that Shakespeare’s fascinating life has an impact on his writing. He acted in many plays and became very popular in Elizabethan theater.
- William Shakespeare is a poet who write this poem, he was born in 1564. He is widely regarded as the greatest English writer of all time, and wrote 154 sonnets, he was a very dynamic playwright and writer. He enjoyed history which was shown through his writing. He excelled at writing many kinds of different genres of plays. This poem (sonnet 18) is devoted to praising a friend or lover, traditionally known as the 'fair youth', the sonnet itself a guarantee that this person's beauty will be sustained.
William Butler Yeats was rewarded with Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. He was one of the greatest poets during that time. His personal and national experiences were described through his themes, symbols, and images in his poetry. Yeats’ poems were full with Byzantium art, Greek mythology, English literature, European politics and Christianity symbols. He believed that politics and art were naturally related.