They were both strictly created by black musicians. These forms of music were popular among both the young and older generations of African Americans. However, outside of the African American race, jazz and hip-hop has become a performance by people of all race and ages. Buddy Bolden invented jazz in 1877 in New Orleans (the guardian, 2010). That is where jazz is known to get its main influence from.
New Orleans is undoubtedly the birthplace of jazz. As the magic of jazz brought about a new period in music history, and legends emerged, jazz quickly took on many forms and incarnations around the country. The originators and pioneers in New Orleans kept the original seed alive in what came to be known as “Dixieland Jazz.” New Orleans was the right place and the right time for jazz. Immigrants to the city in the late 19th century brought their traditions of brass bands with them: marching in parades, providing music for funerals, performing at community events. Most of those bands were all-white, however, and others were limited within specific ethnic communities (Italians, Croatians, Germans, etc.).
It also allowed the spread of jazz music to occur from Chicago, Illinois all the way to Harlem, New York. With great distances being traveled by jazz musicians, the progression of jazz music was helped due to the meeting of other musicians and the sharing of their ideas of what they thought jazz should be. Racial tension can even be found within jazz music itself. The “first” jazz recording was “Livery Stable Blues” by The Original Dixieland Jass Band in 1917 (Hasse, John Edward. “The First Jazz Recording Was Made by a Group of White Guys?”).
Blues music had a special role in creating the genre. It is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Typical instruments are: horns, keyboards, bass, drums, guitar and vocals. Although it was mainly created by black experience in United States, many other cultures have developed the genre in various ways (for example white musicians created 'White Jazz' subgenre, having their own traditions and influences). Miles Davis and Louis Amstrong were very influential jazz musicians.
Jazz and modern dance are two different genres of dance. Jazz dance started in the early 1700’s in Africa and was brought to America through the slave trade. Two pioneers that influenced jazz dance were Jack Cole and Katherine Dunham. Jack Cole was called “the Father of theatrical jazz dance” and is remembered as the prime creator of the jazz heritage. Katherine Dunham was known for her leadership of African American jazz dance and started her own dance company.
They are passed down, interpreted different ways by each person that hears them, and can change the entire course of someone’s life. Music can have the same the same impact. In the 1920’s, Jazz and the blues became increasingly popular because of the freeing feeling young people got from listening and dancing to it. The new sound was shunned by the older generation because of the ““vulgarity” and “depravity” (and the “moral disasters” it supposedly inspired), but many in the younger generation loved the freedom they felt on the dance floor.” (History.com Staff) This type of music has lasted through almost a hundred years now, and still brings people the same freeing feeling it did when it was first discovered. Jazz is a type of music that is improvised.
History of Jazz music Jazz is music genre that originated from New Orleans in the early 20th century. A major port city, people from all over the world, of different ethnic groups came together and as a result, musicians were exposed to a variety of music (Verity, 2016). Jazz was born out of and evolved from the African American experience in the United States. Jazz evolved from slave and religious folk songs and its originators were primarily African American (Dyas, 2016). However, its roots can be traced from the musical traditions of Africa and Europe.
Like America as a whole, jazz is a mixture of several cultures, allowing it to reflect several key American ideals, including creativity. One of jazz’s core facets is improvisation, a feature perfected by Louis Armstrong, a trumpet player from New Orleans. This focus on improvisation allows artists to innovate and adapt and react as they are creating music. The freedom that jazz gives each artist results in an innumerable amount of different styles. The genre has expanded so widely that everything from mellow, smooth elevator music to huge, loud Frank Sinatra records are contained under its umbrella.
The jazzy cabarets appealed to a selective type of audience and groups started to get formed in order to replicate that sound to capture the market. But what followed was truly remarkable. Local talent – Hindi film song composers and arrangers, C, Ramachandran, Shankar-Jaikishan, O.P. Nayyar and Naushad Ali created a fusion of the Indian music and Latin American music and produced what I would call as ‘truly globalized songs’. It all started with live venue Cabarets in Mumbai becoming a trend and boasting Carioca dancing for months after the initial screening of ‘Flying down to Rio’, led by local Jazz orchestras and travelling troupes from cruise ships.
They had many hits throughout the 1970s and the band assisted in making funk music a successful genre, with an even broader audience. A different group of musicians then began to further develop this genre. New ideas were significantly made by George Clinton, with his two bands; Parliament and Funkadelic. The Parliament group emphasized using horns whilst Funkadelic emphasized using guitars, but both had a deep, rhythm filled groove. Simultaneously, they formed a new kind of funk sound, greatly influenced by psychedelic rock as well as jazz.