In the 1940 's and 1950 's, an anti-Communist movement swept the United States of America. Fueled by the anti-Communist actions of Congress, particularly a Senator from Wisconsin by the name of Joseph McCarthy, the movement escalated and many people lost their jobs as a result of various blacklists. Congressional hearings, both in front of HUAC and McCarthy Senate committee were a study in organized persecution. The actions taken during the "Red Scare" were eventually given the general name McCarthyism. McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
Just like the girls in the Crucible the girls made claims that certain men and women were witches they didn’t have proof either. Joseph McCarthy made claims that ruined lived and lead to increased to hostility, same as Abigail and the other girls made claims that ruined lives. In conclusion Arthur Miller was commenting on the behavior of society, comparing the Salem witch Trials within the McCarthy hearings in the 1950’s, when the United States Government sought to identify any Americans were Communists or Communist protectors and friends. The problem for either side is never solved only by the ending of persecution of people with no
Whoever was responsible for this outrage must be brought to justice.” They believed the people had to be put under a curse to become a witch. Nobody knew why these young girls were acting weird but they needed an answer. These two girls could no longer be left alone by their selves without an adult or some type of guardian.
Throughout the film, various themes become evident; the most obvious of themes as mentioned was McCarthyism. McCarthy used the power of media to intensify the “Red Scare”, to the point that individuals began to question and judge anyone who they believed to be a communist whether they were or not. Although McCarthyism ended, it left many jobless, due to accusations of communism, “ ten thousand Americans lost their jobs because of their past or present affiliation with the Communist party”. Lastly, McCarthyism lead to constant suspicion and one might say it manifested hatred between Americans. Similarly the theme of dissent goes hand in hand with McCarthyism and is also prevalent throughout the film.
Because of his living conditions and being bullied and called name led him to treat people who opposed him cruelly. Stalin also killed over 2 million people during his rule as leader of Russia/U.S.S.R. When he called for a collectivization and there were millions of kulaks that opposed Stalin many of which were killed and during the collectivization millions more died. Stalin turned Russia into a totalitarian state, meaning everything would be controlled by Stalin. He used fear to get the people what they wanted, and the people’s voice started to fade.
The main accuser during this time was Joseph McCarthy. The people who were accused were just everyday people. Joseph McCarthy said that he knew people who are members of the communist party working for the government, he may have done this because he didn’t like those people. This scared everyone, primarily because during the years that followed WWII everyone feared communist. So after McCarthy made these statements, it almost made like a ripple effect by having everyday people, being accused of people that “suspected” that they were communists as well.
In Lameman’s terms, it was a method to expose supposed communists who infiltrated the United States. McCarthy was notorious for making false allegations and accusations to attract attention to his policy, brainwashing Americans into believing their country was being intruded by communists. A large majority of McCarthy’s accusations were backed up by little or next to no evidence, “HUAC’s circuslike investigations and unproved accusations left a trail of shattered reputations and broken lives”. This was seen especially in the case of Air Force Reserve Milo Radulovich, who was discharged from the force due to supposedly having family who were Communist sympathizers. When trialled, a sealed envelope was present with supposed evidence but was never opened.
The COI has estimated that since the prison camps establishment in the 1950s, hundreds of thousands of people have died in them. So the very existence of these political prison camps is therefore a permanent and massive breach to the right to liberty and security, and numerous other civil and political rights such as the due process of law. The professionalism that seems to qualify their organisation shows that these facilities, in complete violation
During 1965 the caste people were viewed only as thieves and worthless people. Similarly immigrants were treated the same way and often were violated against their skin color and ethical background. It was very unusual for a caste person and immigrants to be accepted into the society. Craig Silvey shows this in the novel Jasper Jones as a lot of families were broken down due to violence and their prejudice family members and how a lot of families were treated badly from the society because of their race. In life discrimination and prejudice in the society can lead to violence, and violence can change a person and a family forever.
McCarthyism shed light to my eyes that there was more to Salem. Many people had ulterior motives their motives profited themselves. During McCarthyism many people had a reason not to sacrifice their career, so they accused others of communists. They did this to protect themselves. “ The FBI had long since infiltrated the Party,
Once the individual confessed they were no longer facing execution, but they still faced imprisonment. Multiple accused individuals died while they were in prison, due to the terrible conditions. During the time of imprisonment the accused people were said to have been tortured and even denied water to try and get them to confess to being witches. One common story that is spoken with the Salem Witch Trials really shows how far they went with the situation. That story involves a man named Giles Corey, who was accused of being a witch, but unlike the others he refused to plead in any way.
My opinion on the possibility of information corruption leans towards the agreement side. During the Great Depression, hearings were conducted by congress to investigate suspected communists. This is where McCarthyism came in play and completely ravaged the lives of individuals or organizations that were rumored to be communists. Most of the rumors were biases and rarely had hard evidence against them. According to the author of The Crucible, Arthur Miller, this is another repeat in American history where mass hysteria occurred and threaten people’s freedom and reputation.
Suspicion turned brothers against sisters, neighbors against neighbors, and caused many lives to be ruined. These years are often referred to as the “McCarthy era”, named after a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin who blamed many of his colleagues of Communist subversion. In many cases, defendants were pitted against their own friends, whose only evidence were their words. Cultural and racial bias ran rampant, and often those accused of a crime against the country, such as espionage or conspiracy of espionage, were not given fair trials.
Broken lives, chained minds, and a deceitful government left a shadow of oppression over both the society in Anthem and the society in Stung. Although not always aware, the leaders of the society had beaten the minds of the people and mutilated their freedom. Just as in Anthem, the sorrow felt by the people in Stung was a result of tragedy onset by the government. In Anthem they had reverted back to the beginning and left behind all the advancement from the unmentionable times. The leaders of their societies not only took away the freedom to be yourself as an individual they smothered any spark of imagination.