Did Stalin pursue post-war protection or control of Europe? Was the Cold War a clash of ideologies or a competition for power and benefits? The answers about those questions vary from one opinion and another, however by determining those ideas we can build a clear assumption about how possible was the inevitability of the cold war. In my opinion the cold war was a combination of numerous circumstances, mainly the ideologies and ideas conflict between the declining communism and the raising capitalism in the new world after WW2. This core concern led to other apparent reasons such as the national security against the Soviet expansion.
This difference made it inevitable for the Soviet Union and the United States to engage in Cold War. However, the depth and the intensity of the hostility between the two superpowers were not inevitable. Due to poor diplomatic decisions and misperceptions on both sides, the extent of the rigid hostility drastically escalated. Had the United States followed Kennan’s advice and responded more firmly to Stalin’s pragmatism plus tried a more sensible negotiation and communication with the Soviet Union, the hostility would have not reached the extent it did in the early
America and Russia had different Aims for Germany. Stalin wanted to destroy Germany, and was stripping East Germany of its wealth. Britain and America wanted to rebuild Germany’s industry in January 1947, they joined their two zones together into Bizonia. This had a big impact on both Sides sphere of influence because the USSR’s way of protecting their sphere of influence is to make Russia more powerful, by stripping Germany from their industrial resources, they are leaving Germany helpless while Russia can expand its industrial dominance. But when America interfered with the USSR’s plans they tried to help Germany by occupying Western Germany, this helped America’s sphere of influence because not only did they have control over germany, but they were able to convert West Germany to become a democratic country.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
Many Americans post-world war II were afraid of the spread of communism because of their belief in the domino theory, if one country falls then the rest will too. Under external and internal pressures such as the failure of the Potsdam conference Harry Truman adopted a foreign policy during the early years of the cold war ( the late 40’s) called containment. The objective was to stop the spread of communism around the world by creating military alliances such as NATO ,and providing aid to unstable/weak countries through the Marshall Plan. Unfortunately, like many other U.S foreign policies it was effective at times, but also dreadfully ineffective. In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism.
Though that’s a look on the negative political aspects , on a positive note the hard work of women in the war greatly influenced the passing of the nineteenth amendment. While politically waye both negative and positive, economically the war impacted mostly positive for the United States. The war boosted the United States economy and cemented the United States as the global industrial power and creditor. The war effort also increased industrialization rates, and product production increased as wells. The war also affected the U.S. socially through many different ways.
He believed that if he did contact them it would divert German troops eastwards. This obviously was proven to be incorrect since Hitler was already planning on focusing his troops towards the East in an attempt to take Russia. Stalin also made the mistake in putting too much faith the in the diplomatic aspect of the pact, believing that if tensions were to rise between both nations, Hitler would inform Stalin the breaking of the pact before war, in which Stalin would be able to take the appropriate methods to prepare for war. Finally, Stalin remained fairly ignorant to the warning signs given to him by Russian spies about the Nazi plans as well as the deteriorating relations between both nations. According to Churchill Stalin proved to be “the most completely outwitted bungler of the Second World
Unlike President Truman, Eisenhower called for the United States to put armed forces in the Middle East to protect and secure the independence of Middle Eastern nations from Communist armed aggression (Eisenhower). Eisenhower believed that Russia, before and after the revolution, had an seeked the Middle East (Eisenhower). The hope would be that by putting U.S. forces in the region, the Soviets would be less likely to use force to take the region. This would become the Eisenhower Doctrine, which declared the United States the right to help any Middle Eastern nation resist communist aggression (Ayers. 853).
Yet, as already mentioned, the author claims that ideology was the main reason why the Soviet Union did eventually launch the conflict. However, as Roberts ‘hints’, not only Soviet ideology allowed for biased actions; it is possible to assume that the USA was also extremely loyal to its ideology: it developed and initiated the Marshall Plan, in such a way indirectly catalysing the outbreak of the Cold War. Arguing his case, the author moves chronologically through the case of Marshall Plan, explaining in the context of political history the escalation of the situation in 1947, which, after all, ended with the Cold War. His research Roberts bases on
Because of this, the bombs only true purpose was to send a message to the Soviets. However, this was completely inhumane. The US put politics over the lives of civilians. And this was a move that ultimately failed anyway and led to the Cold War. The use of the atomic bomb was completely uncharacteristic for a country that puts such a high value on
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
Another interesting event to note is the Berlin Airlift. The American foreign policy following WWII was called ‘Containment’ which basically means that America cannot stop communism but we can top it from spreading. Following WWII we adopted something called the Marshall Plan which was “crucial to the overall strategy of rebuilding Europe’s war-torn economies.” It was a European recovery program to rebuild Europe’s currency, economy and to foster free trade. But there was another motive to George Marshall’s plan and that was Containment. This is in response to America’s fears of communism.