This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
The First reason was to boost the Soviet Union's power, threatening the U.S. with nuclear attack from the Caribbean and the second reason was to bolster the Soviet Union's Bargaining position in its attempts to force West Berlin to join East Germany. Russia was a communist country and had a goal to expand communism throughout central Europe, but the U.S was a democratic country and the goal of the U.S was to stop the spread of communism. So the USSR had to take action, after the fall of Fulgencio Batista and the rise of Fidel Castro’s campaign for Cuba to be a communist country, they became allies and with the help of Cuba, the USSR were able to transport Middle-ranged Ballistic Missiles for an all out attack on the US. But American actions perhaps suggested a way out for Khrushchev. In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets.
Some researchers believe that this is particularly true for the industrialized countries with their powerful military machine. At one time, to refer to the integration of military and economic development in the conditions of modern warfare, President Eisenhower used the term military-industrial complex. Originally, the term originated in connection with attempts to ensure the systematic application of science and technology in military production. Later, however, Eisenhower began to perceive the development of the military-industrial ties as something rather disturbing, fearing that the power of the military-industrial complex has acquired such proportions that the most important decisions in the field of social and political life were out of the activities of politicians (Hunt, Colander, 2010). Many subsequent authors have argued that as a result of the Cold War (the period of hostile relations between the US and the USSR in 1950-60-ies, which led to the arms build-up by both parties) reached a particular span the United States and the Soviet Union's military-industrial complex.
The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe. There are two levels to the revisionist school of opinion. Level one revisionist historians continue to stress the significance of the individuals concerned in the Cold War. “These argue that after FDR’s death in April 1945, policies towards the Soviet Union became a lot harsher once Truman took office.” (Nye 118). Level two revisionist historians such as William A. Williams, stress on the nature of American capitalism rather than individuals.
The rise of nationalism in Europe post Industrial Revolution was to blame for the growing popularity of imperialism. The reason that iImperialism became so popular was because it was economically quite profitable, which in turn created competition amongst the European countries to colonize the most countries. Without this competition between nations, there would be no driving force for colonization. In other
The United States is in favour of democracy while the Soviet Union is in support of communism. ‘Great powers are strong not simply because they have nuclear weapons but also because their immense resources enable them to generate and maintain power of all types’. (Waltz, 1981). Therefore, as the superpower rivalry is not only limited to military power but also extended to a strategical and tactic level, stability can be maintained as direct confrontation is not the best way to uphold the two superpowers status. Before explaining how the Bretton Woods system have played a role in achieving
During World War II (WWII) the United States (U.S.) and Russia fought as allies against the Nazis. Following WWII, the relationship between the two countries quickly began to deteriorate. Around 1947 the WWII era ended and a Cold War involving the U.S. and Soviet Russia began. The Marshall Plan was implemented following Soviet aggression in Europe in order to provide aid and relief to an already war-torn nation. The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine.
It had already been determined to what to expect from USSR. Winston Churchill, who was the former Prime minister of the Great Britain, was trying to assure European nations in the unity. Throughout this period, USA and western European countries vividly saw the threat of communism from USSR. During the cold war era there have been many international and historical facts: it was the establishment of communist regime in the western countries (1945-1948), creation of German democratic republic and federal republic of Germany (1949), Korean war (1950-1953), Vietnam war (1965-1972). These confrontations have seen the world potential nuclear power threat.
‘’Truman was to blame for the outbreak of the cold war. How far do you agree with this statement?’’ The Cold War was a period of great tension between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, which were the two ‘superpowers’ that resulted from World War II. Although many believe that the ‘ideology clash’ between these two countries was the cause of the outbreak of the Cold War, many factors were involved. It would be impossible to summarize all of them in a text, since there are dozens, maybe even hundreds of small factors and events that affected the relations between these two countries, so this essay will concentrate on some of the ‘main’ causes of the cold war, at least according to historical resources. Defining the start date of the cold is a difficult thing to do: Some say it started even before World War II, after the Munich Agreement
SECURITY DILEMMA BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE SOVIET UNION DURING THE COLD WAR Abstract The Cold War which was occurred since 1945 until 1991 has brings out the security dilemma between blocks of United States and Soviet Union. The security dilemma is a state of weapons dependence that become a policy of a country as if for the states interests defense of a country but actually it is for threaten other countries. The security dilemma which occur more than 40 years, brings many issues in international relations. The purpose of this study “Security Dilemma between United States and Soviet Union during the Cold War” is to identify and understand the relations between cold war and security dilemma. This study give attention to meaning