Did Stalin pursue post-war protection or control of Europe? Was the Cold War a clash of ideologies or a competition for power and benefits? The answers about those questions vary from one opinion and another, however by determining those ideas we can build a clear assumption about how possible was the inevitability of the cold war. In my opinion the cold war was a combination of numerous circumstances, mainly the ideologies and ideas conflict between the declining communism and the raising capitalism in the new world after WW2. This core concern led to other apparent reasons such as the national security against the Soviet expansion.
Due to poor diplomatic decisions and misperceptions on both sides, the extent of the rigid hostility drastically escalated. Had the United States followed Kennan’s advice and responded more firmly to Stalin’s pragmatism plus tried a more sensible negotiation and communication with the Soviet Union, the hostility would have not reached the extent it did in the early
America and Russia had different Aims for Germany. Stalin wanted to destroy Germany, and was stripping East Germany of its wealth. Britain and America wanted to rebuild Germany’s industry in January 1947, they joined their two zones together into Bizonia. This had a big impact on both Sides sphere of influence because the USSR’s way of protecting their sphere of influence is to make Russia more powerful, by stripping Germany from their industrial resources, they are leaving Germany helpless while Russia can expand its industrial dominance. But when America interfered with the USSR’s plans they tried to help Germany by occupying Western Germany, this helped America’s sphere of influence because not only did they have control over germany, but they were able to convert West Germany to become a democratic country.
During the second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable.
Many Americans post-world war II were afraid of the spread of communism because of their belief in the domino theory, if one country falls then the rest will too. Under external and internal pressures such as the failure of the Potsdam conference Harry Truman adopted a foreign policy during the early years of the cold war ( the late 40’s) called containment. The objective was to stop the spread of communism around the world by creating military alliances such as NATO ,and providing aid to unstable/weak countries through the Marshall Plan. Unfortunately, like many other U.S foreign policies it was effective at times, but also dreadfully ineffective. In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism.
While politically waye both negative and positive, economically the war impacted mostly positive for the United States. The war boosted the United States economy and cemented the United States as the global industrial power and creditor. The war effort also increased industrialization rates, and product production increased as wells. The war also affected the U.S. socially through many different ways. Due to women and african americans involvement in the war increased their equality because they showed their worth.
He believed that if he did contact them it would divert German troops eastwards. This obviously was proven to be incorrect since Hitler was already planning on focusing his troops towards the East in an attempt to take Russia. Stalin also made the mistake in putting too much faith the in the diplomatic aspect of the pact, believing that if tensions were to rise between both nations, Hitler would inform Stalin the breaking of the pact before war, in which Stalin would be able to take the appropriate methods to prepare for war. Finally, Stalin remained fairly ignorant to the warning signs given to him by Russian spies about the Nazi plans as well as the deteriorating relations between both nations. According to Churchill Stalin proved to be “the most completely outwitted bungler of the Second World
Eisenhower believed that Russia, before and after the revolution, had an seeked the Middle East (Eisenhower). The hope would be that by putting U.S. forces in the region, the Soviets would be less likely to use force to take the region. This would become the Eisenhower Doctrine, which declared the United States the right to help any Middle Eastern nation resist communist aggression (Ayers. 853). This justified giving economic and military aid to countries in the region and deploying the military in the region. Under Eisenhower, United States foreign policy also expanded to include the idea of brinkmanship which was the diplomatic art of going very nearly to war but never actually going to war (Ayers. 850).
Arguing his case, the author moves chronologically through the case of Marshall Plan, explaining in the context of political history the escalation of the situation in 1947, which, after all, ended with the Cold War. His research Roberts bases on
The US put politics over the lives of civilians. And this was a move that ultimately failed anyway and led to the Cold War. The use of the atomic bomb was completely uncharacteristic for a country that puts such a high value on
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
Another interesting event to note is the Berlin Airlift. The American foreign policy following WWII was called ‘Containment’ which basically means that America cannot stop communism but we can top it from spreading. Following WWII we adopted something called the Marshall Plan which was “crucial to the overall strategy of rebuilding Europe’s war-torn economies.” It was a European recovery program to rebuild Europe’s currency, economy and to foster free trade. But there was another motive to George Marshall’s plan and that was Containment.
During this time period, not long after the end of World War II, the USSR (Soviet Union) was on the rise, which led to the Cold War. The Cold War led to increased tension between the United States, and the Soviet Union due to competition and heavy conflict of interest. The involvement of the Soviet Union led to the dramatic fear of communism among the public after witnessing the horrific environment within the USSR. This helped develop McCarthyism, the idea of investigating, and accusing someone in power of being associated with communism. Joe McCarthy himself, the founder of his very ideal also gained much popularity within this time period due to many Americans fearing the rise of communist leaders and communism itself.
[Essay Title] [Begin your INTRODUCTION paragraph here. Include ATTENTION GETTER, BACKGROUND, The Manhattan Project is one of the most significant events in modern American history because it helped end America's involvement in World War II through the creation of the world’s first atomic weapon; it ushered in a new era of fear as countries raced to establish and stockpile weapons of mass destruction; and it developed a new, powerful, but ethically questionable energy source. One of the reasons why the Manhattan Project is significant to American history is because it led to the development of the world’s first doomsday weapon, which, in turn, sealed the victory for the Allies in World War II.
The period during the Cold War had a deeper meaning than just the rivalry between the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and America. Turmoil and trepidation over the threat of the spread of Communism brought change into America. The belief of the integration of Communist spies into the country made the government question the loyalty of Americans. The period in which this anti-communist hysteria occurred was known as the Red Scare. In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, a town in Salem, Massachusetts is a witness of witchcraft.