Harry S. Truman, the 33rd American President, greatly influenced the development of the Cold War. He earned presidency of the United States in the year 1945, shortly after Roosevelt passed away and two weeks before Adolf Hitler committed suicide. During his 8 years of ruling, Truman believed that communism was not right, which led to tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, also known as the Cold War. Where both Soviet and American policies had divided Europe into a Soviet-controlled bloc in the east and an American-supported grouping in the west. He took the side of those who shared his beliefs.
To what extent did the Red Scare influence American society during the early stage of the cold war? The United States and the Soviet Union had entered the state of the rivalry after the end of World War II; this marked the beginning of the Cold War. When the conflict between the two countries intensified in the late 40s and early 50s, fear and hysteria toward communism rose and became the dominant mindset in the United States. This is the time which was later known as the Second Red Scare. The Red Scare quickly spread across the States as American people feared that communism would take over their country one day.
Both the powers possessed the over kill power, which made the situation very explosive. SEATO and Warsaw Pact: To check the onward march of communism in South East Asia and the Middle East America formed SEATO and MEDO respectively on the pattern of NATO. The USSR retaliated this mover by forming a Communist Defence Pact better known as the Warsaw Pact. It aimed at countering the assault of imperialism and capitalism. This divided the whole world into two groups the American bloc and the Soviet bloc.
This happened in the 1930’s in the Soviet Union. By examining the life of Joseph Stalin, the number of executions of political prisoners, and the aftermath of the genocide, it is clear that Stalin’s genocide was one of the worst things to happen in the world. The perpetrator was Joseph Stalin. He was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also known as the USSR. Stalin was not like other dictators.
Conquest argues that Stalin took aggressive steps during 1934 -1940 purges in order t o maintain and consolidate his power over the Soviet- Union. Conquest also claims that, throughout the book, ever since Stalin came to power he was always more worried about losing power from rivals and from citizens of country. In other words, he was worried about losing power from his main rival Trotsky at first,then Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Bukharin was also his biggest fear. Conquest initially starts his book by arguing that all Stalin did was to consolidate his power from his rivals and ends his book by making same argument. Stalin killed 20 million people just to maintain his power over Soviet Union.
On the other hand, the Soviet Union, which came into being long before 1945, amidst the chaos of the WWI, also became the major world power that contained the US. This straining confrontation between the two powers, signified the ideological differences each of them represented and led – Cold War shortly started as the US and the Soviet
His plan involved full government control over all businesses and resources to make sure there would be fair and equal distribution. Anyone who had opposed the reformation in place was either exiled, imprisoned or executed. Forcing collectivization eventually caused a crisis of widespread famine that was responsible for the death of millions. Cities were renamed to show off his glory, history books were changed to incorporate false or exaggerated claims of Stalin’s rise to power and life to make him seem more masterful to the youth of the nation. He was the focal point of most artwork, as well as literature, music, eventually he was incorporated into the Soviet national anthem.
The society in the novel directly mirrors the societies around Orwell, where oppression was a reality for instance in Spain, Germany, the Soviet Union and many other countries, where the governments kept an iron fist around its citizens. Orwell loathed the politics of the leaders he saw rise to power. Orwell was a Social Democrat and an anarchist sympathiser. Orwell’s life was composed of the most politically interesting and tumultuous years in Europe. He witnessed the atrocities of the Soviet Union, the rise and fall of the fascist dictatorships of Mussolini-Italy, Hitler 's Germany and Franco’s Spain, Orwell even contributed his efforts to the Spanish civil war, siding with the Anarchist.
Stalin stayed in Moscow as the German army marched on, ordering his men to destroy anything of value that may benefit their enemy. The tide of war changed for the Soviets at the Battle of Stalingrad. At the battle, the Red Army defeated the Nazis and eventually drove them from Russia. Stalin would go on to attend the meetings of the Allied Powers, and would become a loyal ally. Stalin still planned to expand the Soviet Empire after the war.
CHAPTER ANALYSIS: CHAPTER1: RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND ITS AFTERMATHS In 1945, Animal Farm was published which was based on Stalin’s hypocrisy in the context of Russian Revolution. Russian Revolution of 1905 was an outburst against monarchy of the USSR and their leaders. The revolution began in ST. Petersburg capital of Russia, and was rapidly spread across the empire and included most classes and groups of people. It was a massive demand for political reform and it forced Russian emperor Nicholas 2 to concede to major changes in the autocratic regions of government. By the beginning of 1905, dissatisfaction with the imperial government was widespread, middle and upper-class Russians called for a political reform towards a constitutional system,