Institutional and historical analysis often portray the motives of governments, especially in the cases of Quebec separatism and Aboriginal mistreatment. History describes attempts at compromise to rectify the problems by altering political institutions to provide more autonomy to the provinces, witness in various accords and the methods described previously. However, in regards to Aboriginals a historical relationship of exploitation and eradication sheds on the systemic issues that Aboriginals cope with and the institutions that caused them. As scholars of Canadian politics, it is important to consider historical and institutional analyses when looking at any issue, as it reveals the underlying motives of actors in regards to the cleavages that comprise a state. This is especially evident in Trudeau’s account of how over-zealous nationalism prevented Quebec from modernizing prior to WWII, setting it behind the rest of the
Wilfrid Laurier became prime minister in 1896 and had great plans for Canada. He pushed an ambitious agenda promoting industries, building railways and opening the west to immigrants from Europe. With that Canada started its way to multiculturalism. However, this plan didn’t present equal opportunities for immigrants. British people got jobs before others, and immigration threatened the survival of the natives.
were arrested; van Egmond died in prison, and Lount and Matthews were executed in 1838. Compared to the Patriotes Rebellion, the Upper Canada Rebellion was short, disorganized, and almost inconsequential. However, Britain could not ignore the rebellion in light of the more serious crisis in Lower Canada. Bond Head was recalled and replaced with Lord Durham, who was assigned to report on the grievances among the colonists and find a way to appease them. His report eventually led to greater autonomy in the Canadian colonies, and the union of Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada in
Canada is well known for its peacekeeping efforts and contributions through peacekeeping. Yet, few of the population knows of Canada’s transition to peacemaking, and how Canada aims to return to keeping peace instead creating it. Peacekeeping first transitioned to peacemaking after the Cold War. The change caused public opinion to drop, resulting in Canada declining missions, and contributing less to the UN’s peacekeeping efforts. The Canadian government became unhappy with what Canada's Peacekeeping had become, and decided to take on and complete missions in a manner unlike the way that they were completed for years prior, but in a way alike peacekeeping once was.
The United States struggled under the Articles of Confederation, able to declare war and foreign policy, but unable to collect revenue to sustain its actions. The Constitution was designed to give more power to the national government primarily by empowering it with the responsibilities of establishing and maintaining central banking and financial policies. The national government was able to ask for monies from the states, but was not able to enforce collections of those monies needed to sustain their actions. The thirteen states essentially had recently revolted against Britain and its heavy handed tactics of collecting revenue and were almost immediately being asked to ratify and accept changes that would allow the new government to enforce funding as well. Since most of the framers of the Constitution were considered prominent and financially secure, this left the farmers and trades persons of lower class and wealth with the impression of returning back to a heavy handed government
The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources. The events in American history have also affected Canada from a political perspective, which lead to the Democracy that is present today. Another way the U.S. has affected Canada is from a military perspective because Americans are quick to jump to war and Canada has had to help control them which lead to them being peacekeepers. The United States helped mold the Canadian identity by being both a threat and support to the nation; this will continue into the 21st century but Canada will keep it’s unique identity. A country 's culture can be seen as interchangeable with identity; in Canada there is evidence of American culture everywhere.
An Overview on Federalism Through the PH Debate Context The problem with concepts in political science like federalism is it’s taken for granted. When advocates and critics debate the pros and cons of federalism in the country, it seems as if it’s a straightforward issue and idea, devoid of nuances. Indeed, the need for clarification and understanding of the concept is important to raise the level of its discussion in our society. Paleker provided a conceptual analysis of federalism by delineating and integrating three theories seeking to explain it (309). The first theory called classical theory explains a legalistic point of view.
Position in Canada: Pith and substance is a legal doctrine in Canadian constitutional interpretation used to determine under which head of power a given piece of legislation falls. The doctrine is primarily used when a law is challenged on the basis that one level of government (be it provincial or federal) has encroached upon the exclusive jurisdiction of another level of government. The British North America Act, 1867, which established a federal constitution for Canada, enumerated in Sections 91 and 92 the topics on which the Dominion and the Provinces could respectively legislate. Notwithstanding that the lists were framed so as to be fairly full and comprehensive, soon, it was found that the topics enumerated in the two sections overlapped,
John A macdonald and George is presented on my stamp because that's when Canada and the french came together. Canada was created and when the french and Canada had an alliance to become independent from the USA in 1867. Some other event that involved Language minority were these 4 events: Manitoba Act in 1870 Manitoba School act in 1890, Haultain resolution in 1892 and lastly bill 101 in 1977. Most of these banned french from schools like the Haultain resolution and the Manitoba School Act but Bill 101 was a bill that restricted english in Quebec after all of these acts were passed. The Canadian Charter Of Rights And Freedoms witch was signed in 1982 by PM Pierre Trudea has section that represent language minorities.
Thus, forms of amalgamation are closely related with colonial history, the emergence of nation-states, and the resulting policies of exclusion and inclusion on the basis of citizenship (Rodriguez, 2010, p. 253). As can be seen in Canada, multiculturalism is enshrined in the nation’s constitution, therefore, multiculturalism reflects a principal part of the social and political context of Canada. Multiculturalism, therefore, persists as it is the belief of how Canadians ought to be, the values that Canadians hold onto. The Canadian multicultural policy, put in place in 1971, serves as a guideline for government policy as well as a framework for national discourse on the construction of Canadian society (Mahtani, 2002, pp. 67-68).
Loose is the opposite. It said that the government could use "implied" powers, that weren 't necessarily written word for word in the constitution. These people wanted a stronger national government with more power. 50. Jay 's Treaty Provisions: The withdrawal of British soldiers from posts in the American West, a commission to be established to settle outstanding border issues between the U.S. and Canada.
The 1960 Bill of Rights, by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, was the previous attempt at introducing basic freedoms and protecting human rights to Canadians. Though the Bill of Rights had federal authority, it was not part of the Constitution and did not apply to provincial legislation. Trudeau’s plan was to include the Charter of Rights and Freedoms into the Constitution in order to make it virtually unchangeable by future governments. The Charter would give the Supreme Court ultimate authority over interpreting the Constitution and its amendments. This was a concern for the provinces as it was another way they felt a loss of control.
While the government of PEI wanted to join the confederation, the public in PEI did not want to. The majority voted to not join the confederation, when a referendum was held. The people of PEI also suspected that joining the confederation would turn the discussion toward joining a bigger union, the British North America colonies (BNA). They saw little to no advantage of joining BNA and so they declined the offer. Edward Palmer, the premier of PEI from 1859 to 1863, and an anti-Confederation group both told the Charlottetown conference that there were advantages for BNA but none for
The British states that the Boer war was an imperial war, meaning it was a concern to the entire empire. If Canada doesn 't help in the war and Britain loses it would then impact Canada, as Canada is still some what part of the British empire. For instance, trade would be impacted. If the British were to lose they would no longer have their ports at the South African continent therefore, anything that was once imported from or through South Africa into Canada wouldn 't be any more. In addition, being a part of the British Empire calls Canadians to help in order to demonstrate not only loyalty but also a form of a precedent.
It’s commonly known that Canada was originally a British colony. In 1982, thanks to the Canada Act, the constitution of Canada was “patriated,” which made Britain surrender the power to make laws affecting Canada.  However, Canada began drifting away from Britain much earlier than that, and World War One was a main cause. World War One helped establish Canada as an independent nation. In September 1916, Canada asserted its direct authority over its oversea soldiers and created a new Ministry of Overseas Force as a way to exercise control and power.