Judicial Review: The Power Of Judicial Review In India

1321 Words6 Pages
Judicial review means review by the courts to investigate the constitutional validity of the legislative enactments or executive actions. The power of judicial review in India stands between the American and British practices. The British parliamentary supremacy and the American judicial supremacy are two extremes. The power of judicial review stands the mid way. The power of judiciary to review and determine the validity of a law or an order may be described as the powers of Judicial Review. The Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land. The Supreme Court of India has the supreme responsibility of interpreting and protecting it. It also acts as the guardian-protector of the Fundamental Rights of the people. For this purpose, the…show more content…
It is the power exerted by the courts of a country to examine the actions of the legislatures, executive and administrative arms of government and to ensure that such actions conform to the provisions of the nation’s Constitution. Judicial review has two important functions, like, of legitimizing government action and the protection of constitution against any undue encroachment by the gov¬ernment. The power of Judicial Review is incorporated in Articles 226 and 227 of the Constitution insofar as the High Courts are concerned. In regard to the Supreme Court Articles 32 and 136 of the Constitution, the judiciary in India has come to control by judicial review every aspect of governmental and public…show more content…
He added that the structure was formed on the basic foundation of dignity and freedom of the individuals of the country which could not by any form of amendment be destroyed. It was also observed in that case that the above are only illustrative and not exhaustive of all the limitations on the power of amendment of the Constitution. The Constitutional bench in Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Raj Narain (1975 Supp SCC 1.) held that Judicial Review in election disputes was not a compulsion as it is not a part of basic structure. In S.P. Sampath Kumar v. Union of India((1987) 1 SCC 124 at 128.), Justice P.N. Bhagwati relying on Minerva Mills Ltd. ((1980) 3 SCC 625.) declared that it was proved that judicial review was a basic and essential feature of the Constitution. If the power of judicial review was absolutely taken away, the Constitution would cease to be of its original

More about Judicial Review: The Power Of Judicial Review In India

Open Document