Now, we address the following issues: Is it within Congress’s authority to remove an officer of the executive branch and appoint another in office? Does the act also violate the separation of power doctrine by granting the House of representative the authority to review and reject policies implemented by the new director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons? I argue that the act did not violate the principles of the constitution. The mechanisms set forth to appoint and remove a government official differs based on whether the person in question is a principal officer, or an inferior officer. In Morrison v. Olson, Justice Rehnquist describes how the two differ for purposes of appointment.
This statement from the passage shows that the Supreme Court is depended on to choose what’s right and what’s wrong for us. Secondly, I believe that the Supreme Court is given too much power because the Judicial branch, which includes the Supreme Court, is envisioned as superior than the others. In
The Leonore Annenberg Institute for Civics video titled “Key Constitutional Concepts” explores the history of the creation of the United States Constitution in addition to key concepts crucial to the document. Two central themes explored in the video include the protection of personal rights and importance of checks and balances. The video strives to explain these concepts through Supreme Court cases Gideon v. Wainwright and Youngstown v. Sawyer. To begin, the video retraces the steps leading up to the Constitutional Convention in Virginia in 1787. It opens by explaining the conflict that led to the Revolutionary War and the fragility of the new nation.
In the essay Federal No. 78 deals with the proposed structure of federal courts, their powers and jurisdiction, the method of appointing judges, and related matters. Alexander Hamilton begins in explaining his views on the independence on judge and evaluates the doctrine of the judicial review. Resulting in the Court believing that the Supreme Court violated part of the Constitution, Alexander Hamilton then evaluates the question of whether the Supreme Court should be able to declare acts of Congress null and void. Hamilton focuses on his three main points of the judicial department. First: the mode of appointing judges.
India Ross Mr. Jones AP US Government 30 September 2014 Jeffery Toobin's The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court, takes the time to take us inside the Supreme Court, in which is known as one of the most secretive bodies of the government. This specific book The Nine creates connections and images by beginning with covering basic information around the Supreme Court in which for an example after the vote of Roe v. Wade 1973 was an illustration of a liberal judicial vote. Also, according to article "Jeffery Toobin's The Nine-- Part 1" it states that "drawing heavily on interviews with some (unnamed) justices and lots of law clerks, Toobin aims to provide an insider's account of the Supreme Court over the past two decades." Jeffery
Thesis: “that judges, if they act rationally, must weigh all the alternatives” [see page 641]. Discussion- analysis of strategies and tactics. Assumptions made by the author; (1) historical role of a free society, has been deeply embedded in the American judiciary, (2) the
Alex Frost Values: Law & Society 9/23/2014 The Hollow Hope Introduction and Chapter 1 Gerald Rosenberg begins his book by posing the questions he will attempt to answer for the reader throughout the rest of the text: Under what conditions do courts produce political and social change? And how effective have the courts been in producing social change under such past decisions as Roe v. Wade and Brown v. Board of Education? He then works to define some of the principles and view points 'currently' held about the US Supreme court system.
Sophie Byrne John Ward POLI 100 29 March 2023 Two Week Essay Assignment Week 10 & 11 In "The Core of the Case Against Judicial Review," published in the Yale Law Journal, Jeremy Waldron argues against the concept of judicial review, which is a concept allowing courts to strike down laws that are deemed unconstitutional. Waldron argues that this concept undermines democracy and should be replaced by a system of parliamentary sovereignty; where the legislative branch holds the power to determine the final outcome when interpreting the constitution.
The Supreme of the United States is the body entrusted with interpreting the Constitution in relation to cases whose outcomes will establish precedents with weighty, far reaching legal implications. In many such cases, the conflicting parties may both claim that their actions or (in the case of public officials) rulings, are protected by one or more amendments to the constitution. In reconciling these conflicts, justices must reckon with the intent of laws written centuries ago in relation to contemporary issues. They must also make decisions where the scope of one legally protected right comes into conflict with another. The 1976 case, Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart, provides an example of this nuanced, subtle process and highlights the way in which Supreme Court decisions have potentially monumental, everlasting consqequences.
The Texas judicial system is bifurcated, where there are two supreme courts to serve justice. While one of the “highest courts” serves justice to civil cases, the other serves justice to criminal cases. Tom Phillips, former chief justice on the Texas Supreme Court, stated “Of the ways you can elect judges, Texas has one of the worst systems” (Chammah). Judicial elections in Texas have been impacted greatly by campaign contributions from interests’ groups, PAC’s, and law firms. In addition, partisan elections and low voter knowledge has made it more facile for these interest group to lobby their way into the legislative branch, thus, spreading into the judicial branch where elections count the most.
Hana Kim Professor Yvonne Wollenberg Law and Politics 106 7 October 2015 Title In the United States government, there are three branches called the legislative, executive, and judicial branch. Out of these three, the judicial branch is the most powerful. The judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court, the court with the most power in the country, and other federal courts that are lower in the system; the purpose of this branch is to look over laws and make sure they are constitutional and reasonable.
Peter Irons’ Brennan vs. Rehnquist discusses the philosophical differences between Supreme Court Justices William Brennan and William Rehnquist, but on a deeper level, the importance of having a balance of ideas within the Judiciary Branch. Brennan’s ideology, as a lawyer and judge, tended to be more progressive by focusing on the dignity of all people. However, Rehnquist had conservative proclivity and believed that whoever held the majority should subject their own morals upon those in the minority, which is directly at odds with the beliefs of his more liberal counterpart. The author also states that the members of the Supreme Court are selected by publicly elected officials, meaning that the general population of voters hold an important
Doug Linder is a professor at the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law where he teaches Constitutional Law. Professor Linder received his J.D. from Stanford Law School (UMKC). He has receive multiple awards for his work and is acknowledged for his article on his Famous Trails website. Linder has published numerous articles over the constitutional law and with his work many people have been able to look back at the historical moment and truly see what occurred on that
Justice Thurgood Marshall Response Justice Thurgood Marshall said in his “Reflections on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution”, “I do not believe the meaning of the Constitution was forever ‘fixed’ at the Philadelphia Convention. Nor do I find the wisdom, foresight, and sense of justice exhibited by the framers particularly profound. To the contrary, the government they devised was defective from the start, requiring several amendments, a civil war, and momentous social transformation to attain the system of constitutional government and its respect for the individual freedoms and human rights, that we hold as fundamental as today” (Marshall). In this passage of his essay, Judge Marshall is critical of the government that is
Judicial selection is an intriguing topic as there are multiple ways that judges take their seat on the bench. The United States Constitution spells out how federal judges are selected and leaves it up to the individual states to establish their means for selecting judges. In federal courts, judges are appointed and it varies between appointment and election for state courts. The purpose of this paper is to examine the differences between appointments and elections (as well as the multiple types of elections) and to give an opinion as to which is the better alternative. Federal judges are appointed by the President of the United States and are confirmed on the advice and consent of the United States Senate.