Julius Caesar is possibly the most well-known Romans today. While he was not the first dictator of Rome, his consolidation of power marked the end of the Roman Republic and set the foundation of the Roman Empire. This foundation would later be utilized by Julius Caesar’s heir and adopted son, Octavian, to become the first Emperor of Rome. Many of Julius Caesar’s traits made him dangerous to his political opponents. Of these traits, his ambition, his commitment, and his fearlessness were crucial forces that allowed Caesar to amass more political power than any other Roman had before.
Alexander’s arrival to Egypt provided benefits for both the Greeks and Egyptians, embracing the religion of the area, and paved the way for what would later be the Egyptian Empire. One of the most significant and most prosperous generals in all of history was Alexander the Great. He was described as a” scintillating, patient and often devious man that struck with careful planning.”1 Alexander made decisions with great agility and took exceptional risks, his prosperity was resolved by his show of precipitous force and his will to overcome. In his lifetime Alexander defeated the Persians and Greeks, conquered Egypt and Asia Minor, and procured the Mediterranean Sea. In 332 B.C.E.
Octavian changed his name to Augustus and became the new emperor of Rome. From the beginning of his rule in 27 B.C., peace reigned throughout the empire called the Pax Romana, or Roman Peace. Augustus was Rome’s most stable and powerful emperor and sustained Rome by keeping peace and glorifying the empire as well. Augustus stabilized the frontier of Rome which caused the Pax Romana. This two-hundred year period saw unprecedented peace and economic prosperity throughout the empire, which spanned from England in the north, to Morocco in the south and Iraq in the east.1 The population of the vast empire thrived to seventy-million people.
Western Civilization 101 Part 1: Roman Republic Roman Republic’s social structure was entirely based on wealth, freedom, property and heredity. Just like any other ancient society in the world history, the Roman Republic was also entirely controlled by men who were at the top of the social hierarchy. More so, the slaves were at the bottom of the social hierarchy while the women and the common people, referred to as the plebeians, followed closely. Going upwards, the wealth citizens followed the women and they were characteristic of using their wealth to acquire power. The top most class of people on the social hierarchy were the class of rulers who governed the republic and ensured adherence to the law was strictly followed.
Simonton’s argument on oligarchy as an ideological commitment to anti-democracy that was historically preserved by political institutions is a brand new scholarly theory. How does Beard’s historical account of the rise of the Republic maybe tell a story of an oligarchy trying to accommodate the popularity of popular government while still maintaining control? The rise of the Republic is poorly documented yet again by the Romans, Beard notes. The Roman mania for simplification hid much of what had happened; this simplification also arose from the fact that there were few records. Beard describes the political structure of the early Republic and looks at Barbatus as a primary example.
The Romans have shown us many different ways of thinking and living; humans and people are still using different methods used by the Romans. The largest factor in my eyes that Roman ancient society has influenced us, is in the democracy system, the same ways and focuses on democracy are used in the American Senate which has derived from the Roman Senate. The Roman Senate: The Roman Senate was first made by a man called Romulus during his reign of 716-753BC. The purpose of the senate and it only consisted, to start with, with about 100 hundred. These people were chosen by the ‘Patricians’.
Throughout ancient history, there have been many considerable and loyal rulers. However, there is one ruler that left a mark on his nation. Augustus Caesar impacted history and made Rome the powerful and supreme nation that we know to be today. Octavian was a fair but devoted leader. Augustus had many contributions to Rome such as conquering many lands, bringing peace to the lands, and being respectful towards his people.
Fortunately for Octavian (as he was known at the time), relativity fortunately anyway, in Caesar’s will, he had adopted him as his son and made him his heir which helped kick-start his rise to power. By using a mixture of propaganda, manipulation and a stroke of luck, Octavian took control and maintained
He also instigated major improvements in the infrastructure within the city of Babylon and his citizens prospered under his rule. However, Hammurabi's most notable accomplishment was his 282 legal edicts known as the Code of Hammurabi. In other words, King Hammurabi's innumerable contributions as a seasoned warrior, a city
He crossed deserts that seemed uncrossable and he surpassed all before him in military greatness. The legacy of Alexander continued on past his death and he became an idol in many later cultures like the Romans. Many Romans believed Alexander was the child of the god Jupiter due to his greatness. This idea of Alexander having divine parents was rooted in Alexander’s mind from his own mother and continued through time. It was due to this reinforcement of divinity in his blood,