“If you must break the law, do it to seize power: in all other cases observe it”- Julius Caesar, the man who is known as one of the most fascinating political figures of all time. The one who through his military genius, expanded the Roman Republic to include parts of what are now Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Belgium. Although the hero had many followers and admirers, he was ultimately stabbed to death by his own fellow politicians. Caesar was born in July, 100 B.C.E to Gaius Caesar and Aurelia. The family claimed a noble history but hadn’t produced many influential people till then.
The Gracchi were officials in the Roman administration known as tribunes. The two brothers introduced the populist government changes and numerous land reforms and are referred to as the fathers of populism and socialism. Julius Caesar – Julius Caesar lived between 100-44 BCE and was a ruler in the Roman Republic. He is considered one of the greatest army generals in the world’s history owing to his conquests across Europe. Caesar is also credited for the precedence of the formation of the Roman Empire and he was killed by his rivals at the senatorial room.
Julius Caesar was a Roman politician who was born on July 13th, 100 B.C. He gained power and support through an alliance with powerful Roman senators. Caesar wanted even more power over Europe than what he already had. He had fought in many wars in Europe to gain more land. The wars included the Gallic War and the Battle of Alesia.
After the rebellion, Claudius decided to invade and conquer Britain. In forty-three Ad, they attacked and they won. Claudius was the governor there from forty-four Ad to forty-five Ad. Claudius reformed the military and reformed the financial affairs. He made the idea of granting people Roman citizenship to soldiers if they serve twenty-five years.
At this point in time the Roman Republic had conquered the entire Italian Peninsula and was looking for new places and resources to attain up north. Their gaze landed upon Gaul, a land controlled by many celtic tribes. Julius Caesar had already gained a powerful position in the military and was looking to further his political standing. Because of his ambition the Roman Republic was changed forever. Thesis Statement: Julius Caesar’s family connections and military achievements led to his political rise, but this
This war was well known for Hannibal, the Carthaginian leader, who caused a massive damage to the Romans. This war was fought over three fronts; with Sicily never being a problem and Rome defending well, Southern Spain where Carthage was able to control for quite a while before regaining control and retreating and the most well known being that of the battles in Italy. Hannibal took an army of men and elephants through the Alps. Hannibal surprised the Romans in Northern Italy. Hannibal was victorious in many great battles in Northern Italy like the Battle of Trebia, the Battle of Lake Trasimene and the Battle of Cannae.
Cyrus II was the more effective emperor in military achievements, because he greatly expanded the Persian Empire by conquering many lands, and kept people from rebelling in these conquered kingdoms with leniency and wisdom. Cyrus ruled from 558-529 BCE, and was “the founder of the great Persian Empire.” First, Cyrus vastly expanded the empire by defeating his three biggest rivals: Medea, Lydia, and Babylon. There was a balance of power between these four kingdoms that prevented one from dominating and defeating the rest. Cyrus broke this. He conquered Medea in 550 BCE, 9 years after he began his reign.
Charlemagne was also known as Charles the Great. He was king of the Franks and he united the majority of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages. On top of that, he laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He attempted to unite all Germanic peoples into one kingdom and convert his subjects to Christianity. Being a skilled military strategist, he spent much of his reign in warfare so that he could manage to accomplish his goals.
He brought the cultures from the other territories that he conquered such as Gaul, Britain, and Greece. Julius also Restored some of the cities that were destroyed by the Roman Republic when he conquered. Julius expanded the Roman Empire under his rule due to his great leadership.