Dan Cruikshank Paper Ancient Greece and Rome 4/24/17 Caligula, The ‘Mad’ Emperor? Throughout the period of Rome’s history there have been many leaders that have been everlastingly glorified because of their major contributions to the Empire of Rome. Names like Julius and Augustus Caesar for instance stick out in the minds of most people still today. However, some who have lead the Roman Empire, have not been so lucky in this deity-like glorification after their deaths. Emperor Caligula, for instance is pegged as being the “Mad” Emperor of Rome.
In Shakespeare’s famous play, Julius Caesar, there's an essential theme of characters and their portrayal/actions in public versus private life. Julius Caesar himself led two very different lives with his family and close friends in contrast to how he presented himself to the public eye. In both settings, Caesar makes himself out to be invincible; however in private he is more vulnerable and superstitious whereas in public, he is immortal and the great leader Rome makes him out to be. Publicly, Julius Caesar is invincible and tries to portray himself as a great leader who is able to do all things in greatness and nobility for Rome. Caesar is always careful to present himself as steadfast even in front of his close friends but even more so to the public.
Caesar was “thrice presented a kingly crown/which he did thrice refuse,” which twists the people to believe that Caesar certainly could not be ambitious (Julius Caesar, 3.2.96-97). The people misunderstand Caesar’s ambition, though, because he thrice refuses the crown to please the people and win their goodwill. The more Caesar refuses the crown, the more goodwill he will obtain, and the more people will want him to become an absolute ruler. Caesar’s desire to demolish the republic and create an imperial society ends with his death. Since “Antony is but a limb of Caesar,” his spirit continues to live and so does imperial Rome (Julius Caesar, 2.1.165).
Words have been used to influence people for thousands of years, and the play Julius Caesar is no exception. In the play, Marc Antony uses his voice in his speech to coax the Roman people to join his side against Brutus. During his speech he repeats several times that Brutus is an “honorable man” which he knows will convince the population to think the opposite of what he’s saying. Antony uses his words to
After the civil war had ended with Pompey’s defeat, Caesar quickly gained political power and control over the Roman Republic, becoming a temporary dictator in 49. During his reign he was seen as an effective leader implementing a number of reforms in Roman society and earning the people’s unwavering support and admiration. Unfortunately, on March 15, 44 BCE Caesar was assassinated by conspirators and marked one of the most significant turning points in Roman history. The cause to conspire against Caesar was a combination of both political fear and personal animosity. By gauging the accounts written by Suetonius and Nicolaus it was clear that Caesar’s surge in power had given him too much leverage over the governance of Rome to the extent that the senate could no longer compete with him.
It seems that the fall of the Roman Republic was not a singular event that occurred instantaneously, but rather a long process that saw the increasing use of methods outside of Republican institutions to settle conflicts between members of the aristocracy over political power. Even as the Roman government transitioned form Kingdom to Republic and then to Empire, the competition between aristocratic families remained a relative constant in across the centuries. So too has the desire to mythologize the past. The romans attributed both the fall of the Kingdom of Rome and the fall of the Roman Republic to moral rot, while a more reasonable assessment might place the blame on a dissatisfied and competitive elite class and an inefficient and unresponsive governmental system that was unwilling or unable to address their concerns. In much the same way, modern observers of the Roman Republic have tended to mythologize the fall of the Republic in the service of creating a moral narrative about the unconscionable tyranny of Cesar and the righteousness of the Senate, or whatever alternative narrative is befitting of the historical moment and audience.
Julius Caesar is possibly the most well-known Romans today. While he was not the first dictator of Rome, his consolidation of power marked the end of the Roman Republic and set the foundation of the Roman Empire. This foundation would later be utilized by Julius Caesar’s heir and adopted son, Octavian, to become the first Emperor of Rome. Many of Julius Caesar’s traits made him dangerous to his political opponents. Of these traits, his ambition, his commitment, and his fearlessness were crucial forces that allowed Caesar to amass more political power than any other Roman had before.
The noble Brutus … He was my friend,faithful and just to me.” (III.ii.78-86). In this quote, Antony is using a pathos approach and trying to gain sympathy of the crowd by saying Julius Caesar did not deserve to die and that he was a good man. Also several times during the speech he uses the phrase, “And Brutus is an honorable man.” (III.ii.75-108) doing this, Antony is using an ethos approach and is trying to persuade the people of Rome to go against Brutus. Antony’s speech succeeded because he was more credible than Brutus and he raised the crowd’s anger towards Caesar’s
Since the dawn of history, those who are remembered are those who dared to be individual, those who worked against society and the odds to be themselves. Julius Caesar is remembered from history as a dictator of Rome, but he became what he did because he wasn’t like other people, he was different, he was individual. Caesar was remembered out of the fifty million people living in Rome. Most inhabitants of Rome have been long since forgotten, but against the odds he was remembered. But why do
Caesar’s funeral was a time of reflection for the citizens of Rome, as Marc Antony caused them to question their allegiance to Brutus. Marc Antony’s power has always been a part of him. However, after Caesar’s death, his power only intensified as his passion for vengeance grew. An example of Antony using his power with words to his advantage was when he beseeched the conspirators to believe that he would remain loyal to them and their cause. Antony says: “Therefore I took your hands, but was indeed / Swayed from the point by
Rome had seen many leaders step up to the plate in order to rule over Rome with absolute power. There were many who only wanted to exercise their power over the people, those who only wanted the army’s strength, and those who only wanted to advance the senate and laws than help the people or watch the army. However, there were a few emperors who were able to rise above these issues and bring about a seemingly peaceful time in Rome. I have chosen the three, in my opinion, best emperors of Rome, who were able to take command of Rome and make a huge impact. The three emperors that I chose were Trajan, Hadrian, and last but not least Augustus.
Julius Caesar achieved such a great amount of influence after he vanquished Gaul and brought back much riches, most of the Romans loved and cherished him, yet some didn 't. He made more employments and numerous changes that helped poor ranchers, merchants, artisans. On the other hand he was the most recent in a long line of officers and tribunes who had misused their authority and harmed the republican foundations which were vital to the Roman government. He made himself out to be a king, something discredited by most romans since the fifth century BC when it turned into a full republic kept running by the senate rather than rulers. "Friends" of Caesar and other people 's issues with him was that they were jealous of him, their own
Many people think they can fulfill the role of being president, Others know that they cannot. Being a president is a huge thing to come by and not many can do it but thomas jefferson i think did the best at filling in the space of leadership. To begin with, Thomas jefferson was known for doing many things that other presidents did not really acomplish, for example Jefferson served in many other parts of the government from here to france and did a decent job at it as well(Source #3). He learned politics down to the core so that he could run his country the right way making him and his people happy in the process. Supporter of other presidents like George Washington and Abraham Lincoln say otherwise, they say that Abe and both George
This proved his worthiness to being ruler by justifying his abilities to provide for and protect his empire. Since the Romans did not like that title of king, “he received the title Augustus by decree of the senate.” During his reign, Caesar accomplish countless things, which is why he is still talked highly about to this day. He repaired the conduits of aqueducts, dozens of temples, and completed the Julian forum and the basilica. He did these things because, like Qin, he loved and truly cared about his empire and wanted to see it flourish and restored; not broken and destroyed. His political authority grew stronger as the years went on therefore, he “attained supreme power by universal consent.” He did this by gaining the peoples respect.
Around this time, the consular armies were faced with military crises. The Senate decided this was an opportunity for Pompey to take charge although many Senators became concerned of what may result in giving one man so much power. They had such reason to fear this as in 70BC a joint consulship was elected by the Popular Assembly between Pompey and Marcus Licinius Crassus, an extremely wealthy Roman general and politician. Although Sulla had in place, laws to prevent Pompey reaching such office at such a young age (34), Pompey’s overwhelming popularity easily overcame these obstacles and held no reason to pass through normal stages of office. The joint consulship of Crassus and Pompey was one of the most crucial political developments in the fall of the Roman Republic.