Julius Nyerere: The Challenges Of African Socialism In Africa

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During the years of 1950s towards the 1980s leaders from different African countries like Tanzania we faced with challenges economically, politically and socialism, they believed that Socialism offered the best chance to overcome the many challenges they were faced with. Tanzanian leader, Julius Nyerere believed that introducing the policy of Socialism where wealth will be shared equally between the people and everything else is controlled by the state could bring a positive turn around in Tanzania. Nyerere followed the path Socialism and although it gave in political stability, it did not totally resolve the problem of Africa’s economic dependence on world markets. Therefore I am going explain and discuss how this African Socialism was implemented in Independent Tanzania.


Tanzania was under German rule from 1880 to 1919 and was occupied by the British. It was a colony of Germany then during the 1940s; Britain through colonization encouraged the development of farming cooperatives. Tanganyika an area under the control of Britain and most African people were government servants, laborers and producers of important cash crops, but mostly were subsistence farmers who produced barely enough to survive, contrary to the white population who were missionaries, professional and government servants and owners and managers of farms, mines and other businesses.

During his presidency, Julius Mwalimu (meaning teacher) Kambarage

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