The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated. Britain didn’t want this surplus population to go to waste, so the colonization of Africa was a good excuse to export these people so that they could help in taking over Africa. Overall, the reason for Britain’s colonization campaign for Africa was to show superiority to other nations, for natural recourses, and oversight on African trades. It’s clear that they were driven by economic and strategic
The political identities play a significant role in the understanding of Williams, Dubois, and Nkrumah’s Pan-Africanism and how it has shaped their lives. Henry Sylvester Williams was born in Trinidad in 1869 where he eventually moved to London to organize the formation of the Pan-African Association. This resulted in the first Pan-African conference in 1900, the beginnings of the modern Pan-African movement. Several historians claim Henry Sylvester Williams originally conceived the term “Pan-African”. His abolitionist notions made him desire the removal of all forms of British colonialism from Africa and the West Indies, thus shaping Williams’ political identity.
Since, the African Nationalist said that independence given to African is false because true freedom comes with economic independence and the author calls this kind of practice as Neo-colonialism. The false independence Blaming Africa's woes on colonialism and neo-colonialism strikes a chord with many educated Africans, but emphasis on external forces has drawn attention away from internal factors crucial to an understanding of Africa's condition. With or without colonialization, African societies would still today be faced with fundamental economic dilemmas, argues Tunde
Lastly, when European empires touch foot in Africa to gain the many resources this continent provided, it created acts of genocide. In 1884, the Berlin conference took place, dividing Africa into the hands of several different empires. Countries such as Rwanda took a turn with the empires powers. The Indigenous groups of Rwanda, which were the Hutus and Tutsis were peaceful till Germany took hold of the country. During the time Germany had power over Rwanda, they gave the Tutsis higher status and the key position.
Things Fall Apart Whether British Imperialism in Africa was good or bad is still a hot topic today, despite the fact that it happened a century ago. Imperialism is when the Europeans invaded Africa and colonized it and forced their culture onto the natives. Even though there were definitely some positive effects for Africans, the effects of imperialism in Africa were mostly negative; borders weren't placed well, native Africans were made as slaves, and religion was forced upon them. Some positive results are the following: Europeans brought new crops, some political stability, education/ literacy, and better medical care including hospitals and medicines. These were indeed beneficial to the African people, but the long term negative consequences outnumber the long term positive greatly.
Imperialism obviously caused the problems all throughout the 1870 to 1914, but it also caused some good things. Africa and India were the places where the basic necessities were not people’s thing. Imperialism helped by giving the basic necessities, improving colonies sanitation, and education. People were taught basic hygiene habits, cleanliness and importance of studies in Africa and India. Building hospitals, schools, and factories helped in creating more jobs for the people were the ways of making countries civilized.
In the first three decades of colonialism, European powers did nothing for Africa. But after the World War 1, European started building social services in Africa. These social services were limited and were distributed in a manner of domination and exploitation. In the book How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, it stated that in colonies such as Algeria, South Africa and Kenya social services were built to afford settler luxurious and enjoyable lives. For example in Algeria infant mortality among white settlers was 39 per 1,000 live births and 170 per 1000 live births among Algerians living in towns.
Other studies on Africa political economy in the mid-1990s have concentrated on the descent into decline or decay, especially in the 1980s and 1990s. These were typified by Lewis (1996) and Joseph (1996), that located the decline within autocratic leaderships. The main explanation offered by both scholars is prebendalism, which involves the conversion and exploitation of state offices into instruments of private accumulation both for self and for constituent and kin groups. According to Joseph, this produces the “rogue states,” but there is no suggestion that it is peculiar to autocracy, since even democratic leaderships have followed the system under colonial rule and perfected it in the post-independence period, as the experiences of the
The Imperialistic division of the African continent was The scramble of Africa, committed by the Western Countries. completed after The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 which “allowed European diplomats to draw lines on maps and carve Africa into colonies”. At this time Europeans had very limited knowledge about the local conditions, as a clear proof of this we may take a closer look at Lord Salisbury’s, British Prime Minister, 1885-1892 and 1895-1902 who stated the following:
Hanafi 1 The effects of colonialism gradually led to the integration of the European and African cultures, which eventually gave birth to numerous subcultures in Africa. Back in 1892, for example, German colonists started arriving in Namibia. By 1904, they decided that they’d be in charge of it, and declared the area “German South-West Africa”. After the Heroro genocide, which killed almost 75% of the population, the Herero people began dressing in a fashion similar to their oppressors, and have continued to do so this day (Emily). According to David Muggleton, fashion is, in other words, a cultural construction.