In chapter fourteen of A Different Mirror by Ronald Takaki, the author elaborates how all nations contributed to political and economic climate during the 20th century. As World War II escalated in Europe and Asia, President Franklin D. Roosevelt made a speech to Congress on January 6, 1941, stating that we support those who struggle to gain human rights and that our nation has the destiny to have people gain freedom everywhere. Eleven months later on December 7, 1941, Japan dropped a bomb on Pearl Harbor. President Roosevelt took the initiative of the Kellog-Briand Act, resulting in the United States entering World War II. This changed the United States relations with Mexicans, Africans, Japanese, Chinese, Jewish, and Native Americans.
In the time of the ancients, heroes roamed the earth, fighting monsters and gods, and having epic journeys. The ancients, though many fictional, can always be personified by Joseph Campbell 's, Twelve Steps of a Hero 's Journey, just as current real-life people. All stories both old and new share similar structural elements with one another, the Vogler 's compose the hero 's journey. The Hero 's Journey is a narrative pattern, shown by Joseph Campbell, this pattern can be applied to all stories around the world. In fact, many of the world most famous writers and producers owe their fame to this time-tested method of writing.
“Which is better - to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill?” (Golding 166) asks Piggy before his last breaths. In the novel, Lord of the Flies, the author, William Golding, writes about a group of adolescent British boys stranded on an island after trying to escape from WWII. On the island, the group of boys soon discover themselves to be cruel and murderous savages. In 1856, a man named Sigmund Freud was born.
However, looking beyond what is initially shown, a new context can adhered to the plot. Carl Jung’s theory of archetypal patterns delves into the human psyche by analyzing its parts. According to Jung, the human mind is split into three different parts; the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious- which can be split into many different archetypes that impact personality (McLeod). Oates uses archetypes and symbolism to show the battle of a young girl trying make her own home and identity in a world that
It is the ego’s function to create a balance civilized and uncivilized sides of a person. Also there is a danger that if a shadow is suppressed completely it can pounce back upon you in other words the shadow never dies it keeps on living in our unconscious and whenever it finds a weakness in the ego it attacks back and take full control over the psyche of the person. The reason why I have described shadow in such detail is that according to me in The Yellow Wallpaper the narrator at the end of the story is completely under the control of her shadow. There are certain reasons why she is overpowered by her shadow at the end. Throughout the story we can see how her shadow is slowly encaging her and also how her environment is nurturing her rising shadow.
• The hero’s journey: Harry’s narrative follows an age-old pattern found in numerous myths and stories. American mythologist Joseph Campbell analyses this storyline of the journey of an archetypical hero in his book “The Hero with a Thousand Faces” (Campbell, 1949), a work that has inspired many writers and artists. Classic examples of Campbell’s archetypical hero include ancient Greek myths such as that of the hero Odysseus, the story of Moses and Star Wars’ protagonist Luke Skywalker (cf. Colbert, 2008, 208).
Shadow theory is the understanding and analyzation of characteristics that the subject is unaware of: weaknesses, repressed ideas, desires, instincts, and shortcomings. The side of a any given personality which is not consciously displayed in public may have positive or negative qualities, and this is the Shadow self. When the Shadow remains unconscious, it causes problems for the person that holds that Shadow and the people that interact with them. Baker believes, “The Shadow self also embodies many darker aspects of the main character’s personality as well as deeply repressed impulses that aren’t always conspicuous to the reader” (1). When reading Hamlet, readers may not pick up on Hamlet’s Shadow.
Frazer’s work which focused on myth and ritual. In his book “The Golden Bough” he finds elements of different myths and rituals that are recurrent in legends and ceremonials of different cultures and identities. Swiss psychoanalyst Carl G. Jung, associates archetypes with the ‘collective unconscious’ , which he further calls ‘primordial types (…) universal images that have existed since the remotest times’ . He argued that the experiences of our ancestors survive in this ‘collective unconsciousness’ and later surface in myths, dreams, legends and finally works of
In comprehending why Esotericism should be studied as part of Religious Studies, it is essential to explore the concept of Transmutation, which is prominently seen to emphasise individual experience in attaining self- empowerment through achieving inner-knowledge. This also coherently links to the Esoteric concept of Gnosticism, with a focus on tradition/transmission paralleling the master/teacher relationship commonly seen within religious practice. This opinion is supported to through the growth of New Age Activities in Western society, for example meditation, in which the concept of Philosophia Perrenis is commonly seen to be explored. Similarly, another parallel between religion and esotericism is the combined beliefs of the Esoteric and the religious thinker, supported through the example of Jung, with his concept of the Self “principium individuationis,” (1944)) coherently connecting individual religious experience with elements of
This thought of theoretical antihumanism clearly rejects the basics of modern philosophy that every human being has an universal essence which is individual. The next course of dislocation to identity is due to Freud’s discovery of unconscious. Individual was considered to be a rational subject with a fixed identity but Freud’s theory said that all desires and identities are due to logic unconscious which is different from logic of reason. Again, the interpretation of his texts has had a great impact on modern thought of identity.
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Many researchers have tried to revise after Freud 's psychoanalysis, to show the value associated with the process and I have to follow their development (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004). The most prominent of the so-called ego psychology was Erik Erikson. As with other postfreydistov for Erickson the greatest importance was the self and its adaptive capacity in connection with the problem of the individual. However, this does not mean that he neglected his theory of biological or social factors (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004).
A client needed to work with the therapist to ‘decode’ the dreams and gain access on one’s “repressed” information about self. Carl Gustav Jung (1875- 1961) was a “Neo- Freudian”. Though he agreed with some parts of Freud’s work, he rejected and modified other portions. Jung disagreed with Freud’s idea that dreams contained hidden meanings that needed to be interpreted, i.e. he rejected the idea of a “manifest content”. Jung formulated a new theory on dreams.