He ultimately becomes a criminal with an old friend from prison. He however gets back up on his feet and gets a job at a meatpacking plant, and makes a steady life for himself. Of course that doesn’t last long though, he relapses once he see’s Ona’s boss again. He attacks him again and he end up paying all his saved up money to bail himself out of jail. He goes to a conference where there is this speaker who motivates him to get involved in the society, and he does just that.
The contempt he had developed for the upper class as a youth had led Sinclair to socialism in 1903, and in 1904 he was sent to Chicago by the socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason to write an exposé on the mistreatment of workers in the meatpacking industry. After spending several weeks conducting undercover research on his subject matter, Sinclair threw himself into the manuscript that would become The Jungle. Initially rejected by publishers, in 1906 the novel was finally released by Doubleday to great public acclaim—and shock. Despite Sinclair’s intention to reveal the plight of laborers at the meatpacking plants, his vivid descriptions of the cruelty to animals and unsanitary conditions there caused great public outcry and ultimately changed the way people shopped for food. Upon its release, Sinclair enlisted his fellow writer and friend Jack London to help publicize his book and assist in getting his message across to the masses.
The Jungle is the story of Jurgis Rudkis and his family. They immigrated from Lithuania to find a better life in America. Their story is a one of tragedy, suffering and poverty. They find their way to Chicago and the meatpacking plants, where they face many hardships and difficulties. Workers at the plants are not paid well, are overworked and face dangerous conditions, but Jurgis has no trouble getting a job there.
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair follows the main character Jurgis Rudkus who is an immigrant from Lithuania. Jurgis immigrated to the United States and made his way to Chicago in order to follow the path of a legendary hometown name, Jokubas, who supposedly made a lot of money in the states. Upon reaching the United States and arriving in Chicago they realized it would be much harder to establish an income in a city they weren’t familiar with. Their luck changed when they happened upon the infamous Jokubas and found out he ran a local delicatessen in the stockyards in Chicago. Jokubas helped them find a place to sleep for the night in a boarding house while they used those first days to look for work in order to move to a nicer place of living.
The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, is about a Lithuanian family that travels to Chicago in pursuit of the American Dream. When writing this novel, Sinclair sought to build support for the Socialist Party and the working class. In preparation for writing The Jungle, Sinclair spent weeks in Chicago’s meat packing plants to study the lives of its stockyard workers. When the novel was first published, readers were more concerned with the health standards and conditions in which the meat was processed rather than the socialist message that Sinclair intended. The Jungle is also often associated with the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act both in 1906, the year the novel was published (Source A).
The 1906 novel The Jungle written by Upton Sinclair rendered the sickening work condition of immigrants in the industrialized city of Chicago. The early twentieth century was the time when Europeans were migrating to the United States many of the immigrants lived in an overcrowded urban area, and immigrants worked for low and unfair wages for American factories and businesses. At the time the city of Chicago had one of the worst poor living conditions in the United States. The Lithuanians faced the American businesses who ruthlessly manipulated them, experiencing the horrendous working conditions, and the harsh exploitation of the labor of women, men and children. Immigration.”the act of coming to live permanently in a foreign country”(dictionary).
The progressive era was a time in american history when there was change in the american way of life. Before the progressive era people would die because of mal- sanitation, children would be working in factories and where getting hurt. Meat packing was done inadequately. Muckrakers brought about positive change by exposing the ill fated conditions of child labor, and the sheer filth of the meat packing industry, through literature. In John Spargo's novel The Bitter Cry of Children he said “ When children become wage earners and are thrown into constant association with adult workers , they develop prematurely an adult consciousness and view of life,” this meant that children in this time period were not very optimistic about their future and had where defiant of their parents.
But on the other hand Una’s mother was a cheating prostitute, who use to beat Una every time she tried to expose her for cheating. But there were layer to her, Mary husled her husband for rent money, but half of the rent money and all of the street money she swindled from unsuspecting men was spent on ale and beer. The only mother figure had was the mirror, and the women passing by the window. This is what caused her to grow up quick. Una also grew up to be antisocial and she started to write poetry because she found comfort in the works of Edgar Allan Poe and William Shakespeare, she also found comfort in a music box her father gave her.
The facts state that Old Major had all the power, but, history has proven that dictatorship does not work, due to the fact that, power leads to corruption in a communist style government. As Napoleon gained power after Snowball died, Napoleon took advantage of his power as it states, “Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well, “ (Orwell 73). This is significant because since Snowball had died, Napoleon took over "The Animal Farm" which led to food shortage, hard labour, and deaths. Napoleon used all his knowledge and education to take over the farm. This also shows that with all the pigs and dogs on his side Napoleon had absolute power over everyone.
The way the men put the animals to work is similar to the capitalist system in Europe in the mid-1800s in which workers of all ages labored for 14-16 hours a day for adequate wages. The long work hours oppress the workers in Europe just like how the long working hours oppress the animals on Manor farm. To elaborate on his point that the men treat the animals unjustly, Old Major adds “And even the miserable lives we lead are not allowed to reach their natural span” (29). As stated in the previous quote,
When Upton Sinclair wrote the Jungle, a book about the terrible environment of the meat-packing factories in Chicago, he hoped to motivate reform in immigrant working conditions and promote socialism. Instead, what shocked readers the most was the sordid surroundings in which their future meals were prepared. Sinclair 's audience saw these conditions as a threat to themselves, and that energized reform in the meat-packing industry. What scared audiences the most was how real this threat was to their lives. As can be witnessed in the results of Sinclair 's crusade, the most effective propaganda is that which rouses the visceral survival instinct.
He had forced her to live with him as husband and wife. Though he beat her up every day, a punch in the face, a scratch on her body and bruises. Sharpe was a very aggressive boyfriend Mona Hayes has ever had. Sharpe would threaten her and assault Mona Hayes and not caring about what effect this might have on the society. It was getting very rough Hayes did not like the way Sharpe treated her and wanted to get away from him.
(Conditions in Meatpacking Plants; Web). The workers were a prime source of information for Upton, who questioned them about where they got some of their meat and they said it came from the rejections across the Atlantic in Europe. (Conditions in Meatpacking Plants; Web). The sausage for instance, would be white from the mold that had accumulated from the prolonged exposure on the journey from Europe. The trip would also bring many unwanted pests such as rats.
Uptown Sinclair’s book The Jungle was originally written to expose the working conditions within the meat packing industry. Sinclair shocked millions as he bore what it was really like behind the scenes. Employees worked with contaminated and rotting meat, which was not a health violation at the time. This eventually led to new food and federal safety laws. Most of the labor force was an immigrant, who moved to the United States with hopes of the “American Dream.” Most would say that they did not find what they were looking for.
Fast food companies and meat processors are uninterested in the possible risks consumers are susceptible to when unskilled workers handle the meat. The analogy links the main idea to the title of the chapter. Schlosser has chosen to present information in this way because it emphasizes the cruelty meatpacking workers endure, they are fired right before benefits become available to them. He wants to affect/influence his readers by demonstrating to them how meatpacking industries only care about making a large revenue each year. 8 paraphrase - repetition of “blood” and “injuries”: “We wade through blood that’s ankle deep…” (171) “Indeed, the rate of these cumulative trauma injuries…” (173) Repetition Schlosser’s use of the device relates to topic and/or purpose by emphasizing the grotesque conditions not only meatpackers and cleanup crews undergo, but also the unsanitary condition in which the meat is cut.