In Apology, Socrates faces possible execution as he stands trial in front of his fellow Athenian men. This jury of men must decide whether Socrates has acted impiously against the gods and if he has corrupted the youth of Athens. Socrates claims in his defense that he wants to live a private life, away from public affairs and teachings in Athens. He instead wants to focus on self-examination and learning truths from those in Athens through inquiry. Socrates argues that "a [man] who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if [he] is to survive for even a short time" (32a).
Socrates and Euthyphro ran into each other outside the court of Athens. Socrates is there because he is charged for impiety by Meletus, while Euthyphro is there because he is prosecuting his own father for an unintentional murder of a household slave. After listening to the reason of Euthyphro’s presence at court, Socrates is flattered by him, as he thinks surely a person bringing charges against his own father must have great knowledge on piety and impiety. He thinks no one will do such a thing unless they are absolutely sure it is the right thing to do so he asks Euthyphro to teach him what holiness is and what piety and impiety is, so that it might help him in his trial against Meletus. In reply at first Euthyphro says that piety is what he is doing, prosecuting the person who offended religion by murdering, even though he is his own father.
In Apology and Crito the readers get to learn about the last couple moments of Socrates before he is given the death sentence. In Plato’s Apology, Socrates is brought to trial and accused of many crimes. In his defense, Socrates uses his usual technique of questioning people’s actions and at the end of the trail he gets convicted for corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods. In Plato’s Crito, Socrates is requested by Crito to run away from jail, and ultimately avoid his death. Instead, Socrates chooses to question Crito’s request and comes to the conclusion that it is best for him to stay.
He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up. When presented with the idea of the jury releasing him he states “as long as I draw breath and am able, I shall not cease to practice philosophy” (Plato 32). This shows that Socrates does not believe what he has done and what he believes in is wrong; he will continue to do what he had been put on trial for if released. This is the exact opposite of what one would say to appease the jury. Socrates is on trial because some believe what he was doing was wrong, by refusing to acknowledge that he was wrong, this speech contradicts our modern day idea of an apology.
If he escapes to another city, they will view him as a criminal and if his children came with him they would be viewed as foreigners. By breaking the law his soul would be ruined and a ruined soul is not worth living with. This goes back to when he said that the really important thing is not to live but to live well. Also, when he dies he would enter Hades as an outlaw and will not be well welcomed. Therefore, he believes that he should stay and face his execution because it is better to die than to live with a ruined soul.
Throughout the story, Brutus was one of the few characters that understood the way power could change a man. He feared that Caesar would become a tyrant with all his new power and that Rome would suffer from his rule. He states this multiple times in the story. During Caesar’s funeral, Brutus states “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more,” (JC 3.2.23). It is clear to see here that Brutus was justified in killing Caesar because his intentions are good.
The people are so tired of these handicaps they are trying to figure out ways to relive themselves. Hazel said “If there was just some way we could make a little hole in the bottom of the bag, and just take out a few of them lead balls” (Vonnegut.p2). To make the situation worst, their entertainment has to be handicapped as well, so they would not make anyone feel bad about themselves. They have masks on their faces and weight around their ankles. If they are truly a utopia they would push their citizens toward success instead of holding them back with these torcher methods.
I killed the principle, but I didn’t overstep, I stopped on this side.”(Dostoyevsky 217) Raskolnikov has to convince himself that he is one of the superhuman people that have the right to break social standards and laws. He tells himself that he
Usually, heroes in a Greek play or poem are not always perfect; they have flaws and fix their mistakes to relate to real life. At first, Creon makes rash decisions and sticks to them no matter what anyone says. When he disputes with Haemon about the punishment of Antigone, Creon exclaims, “Bring her out, /that hateful — she'll die now, here, /in front of his eyes, beside her groom!” (852-4). He does not change his opinions, regardless of Haemon and his citizens’ opinions. He gets carried away with his powers and believes that following his laws is the only way to maintain a unity and peace.
Is Socrates Guilty In my essay I will guide a reader to the period in which Socrates was accused and sentenced to death penalty and together we will endeavour to answer the question whether he was or he was not guilty. Although the topic is to enomoursly extent controversial and a lot of similar works were written, I will do my best to present consistent and logical judgement of Socrates. 399 BC was a year when Socrates had a defending speech in front of the judges, his accusers and the jury. Athenian Law being democratic provides such a posibility for the accused one to have a chance to point out on inconsitencies in accusation or give evidences in one’s own defence. Socrates was speaking in an accustommed manner: asking provoking questions,