The primary goal of the probation system is crime reduction and protection of community, with treatment oriented activities better left to agencies in the community better able to meet the social needs of the offender (Martinson and Wilks, 1977). The American Probation and Parole Association (2001) acknowledged that probation sustains the offenders’ ability to continue working and to protect his family’s ability to continue working and to protect his family’s welfare while avoiding the stigma and possible damaging effects of imprisonment. Similarly, United Nation Institute for Crime Prevention delineated the goal of probation system to enhance rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders into the community in order to strengthen their ability to live peacefully with others in the community setting (UNAFEI,
The judges, prosecutors or any mediator take into account the behavior of the offender. If the offender behaves in a positive manner his punishment is likely to get reduced or dismissed. A positive behavior accounts to the recognition of harm suffered by the victim and further an attempt to “repair” all the damages suffered by the victim. This mediation takes place before a formal punishment is given out to the offender. 1.2 What are the advantages of Victim Offender Mediation for the victim?
Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/533781/Alcohol_Plan_14-18_FINAL-_WEB_9_Oct_15_Unclassified.pdf Standards Of Professional Conduct (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/508305/10_Professional_Conduct_ Booklet_117145_14Jul17.pdf. Youth Policy Statement (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/about_us/policies_procedures_and_legislation/policies_and_procedures_old/youth_policy_statement. Legislation Attorney-General (NSW) v Perpetual Trustee Company (Ltd) 1955 92 CLR 130 Crimes Act 1900 (NSW).
They often play a totally inactive role in the criminal justice system; oftentimes they are even deprived of basic assistance or information. A criminal act beyond being a violation of the law also causes injury and distress. The traditional criminal justice system fails to address the harm suffered by the victim but rather focusses on what sanction the offender deserves. Offenders are rarely confronted with the human element of their criminal behavior: that victims are real people, not just objects to be maltreated and neglected.
While the other book used is useful for providing an account of what happened at the beginning of the decade, this book is able to look at police brutality throughout the 1990s and how the earlier events impacted the later ones. Journal Articles Matheson, Victor A., and Robert A. Baade. “Race and Riots: A Note on the Economic Impact of the Rodney King Riots.” Urban Studies, vol. 41, no. 13, 2004, pp.
The victim deserves similar level of protection and attention from the court like that of an accused i.e. a victim 's interests need to be balanced vis-à-vis that of accused. Victims of crime go through mental and physical trauma and suffer throughout their lives , as there place in the society changes. A victim is certainly entitled to reparation, restitution and safeguards of his rights and criminal justice would look hollow if justice is not done to the victim of the crime. In recent years, the Legislature and the judiciary have taken gradual steps to develop the necessary principles by which appropriate compensation could be paid to the victims of crimes.
The aim of this program is to help the inmates get rid of their criminal behavior as well as their criminal tendencies. By providing counseling and group therapy session, the prisoners get the support and motivation to perform better in developing working skills, learning and getting rid of their criminal tendencies. Inmates seeking for mental help and group support for their problems are eligible for this program. Inmates who only wish to chat with others who have the same problems as them are also eligible. The intended outcome of this program is that the inmates get motivated to perform better.
It is a victim centred response to crime directly involving those most affected by criminal act through dialogue and direct accountability. Forgiveness whilst not the primary objective of restorative justice, often occurs during the process. Victims often appear moved to forgiveness when they fully understand the offenders’ position and dispel the stereotypical notions and fears victims often possess regarding the offender. “Forgiveness” as a part of restorative justice is versatile and it requires the victim and offender to be emotionally available to each other. It has also been accepted that many victims choose to forgive because granting forgiveness is congruent with their personal or religious beliefs.
There is no “the prisoner will be taken hence and thence conveyed etc.” It is an interrogative. There is a question mark at the end. The future remains open. And thus the dignity of convicted felons is retained”. Seemingly, others believe that it’s inhuman to voluntarily kill another person, and until we as a society can decide which is the morally correct option, nothing can be accomplished.
Restorative justice can be defined as a flexible and just approach by which apt reparation is made, for the harm committed, irrespective of the life situations, through a proper communication in adequate perspectives, between the victim and the offender, thereby preventing recidivism and re-establishing peace and harmony to the ultimate benefit of the society. In this particular context, we focus on the criminal justice systems. Restorative justice views crimes not only as a violation of laws but also as harm to the society and community. The core objective of restorative justice system is the safe and satisfied involvement of the victims who agreed to be involved in the process. The goals behind the design of this system include making offenders