Plato's belief was that “moral virtues are universal and absolute, not relative (Hunt, Martin, Rosenwein, Smith 2010).” he believed that it was the way people are whether they were good or bad, and that nothing can be changed about it. Plato was the first man to believe that the person's spirit is different from the body itself. According to David Davidson “Platonism is part of the vital structure of Christian theology (Davidson)." Which helped influence Christianity since Plato believed that there was a perfect world for people, which is what the Christian believed to be heaven. Plato was not Christian but Platonism did help people understand Christianity a bit better.
A final characteristic of medieval religion was a belief that saints would help those that loved them. A saint being someone who was exceptionally virtuous or holy in life was thought to help people even after their death. Therefore many catholics had saints that they will lavish with affection. In return for this affection it is was commonly thought that saints would help these people by performing miracles or just making things go their way “it is sufficiently evident how much the blessed apostles love and glorify those who glorify them” (Relics). Religion in the middle ages was certainly more radical than it is today in Europe.
Daniel W. Brown also writes that amidst the conquests of the Arabs, “Christians continued to be Christians and Jews continued to be Jews.” Another scholar, G. R. Hawting, argues that the first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty, Caliph Mu’awiya, “was respectful of the traditions of his Christian subjects” that he has a member of a Greek Orthodox family as a political official and advisor. Sicker’s observation, that there are instances where “Christian officials who earlier had served the Byzantine government were retained in their positions,” furthers Hawting’s argument, and supports the notion that Mu’awiya is a caliph who is not
Growing up a Catholic, Exodus is a popular story from the Bible told. It is a story that demonstrates the power of God, when faith is put into God then good things will follow, and finally the Ten Commandments. The ten laws that those who have faith in God should follow to live a life free of evil. After being told these commandments continuously throughout my life, for once I happened to see a connection to a different set of laws, Hammurabi’s Code. Hammurabi’s Code has its differences between the Ten Commandments, but also some similarities.
As Christianity began spreading across England, the cultural ties with paganism were not so easily broken and tossed aside, for the Anglo-Saxons still incorporated fate, dragons, knights, and damsels-in-distress into their everyday folklore. But, by being caught in such a cultural crossroads, Beowulf exhibits a linguistic tension not found in any other piece within this paradigm. The thought present during the Christian paradigm transitioned from a purely metaphoric understanding to a slightly more metonymic understanding. Truth went from being a unified concept to being more of an attainable object, but in the case of Beowulf, it was a unified and attainable through the renunciation of pagan rituals followed by the wholehearted embrace of Christian thought, of good over evil, of salvation from God. It is curious to think about how the Anglo-Saxons gave up their known morals in lieu of something unknown.
There are many differences that can be pointed out when evaluating the Maesta and the Sistine Ceiling. One of the main differences between these two paintings is that the Maesta establishes union through their religion that depicts the Virgin Mary as the central figure of their belief system, whereas the Sistine ceiling is a painting that is devoted to the catholic church with god as their drive in their religion. This difference is important because it shows how important religion was to both the Romans and Sienese. Both of these paintings depict a contrasting view on who they worshipped. The Maesta creates an image around the Virgin Mary as she was believed to be the most respectable person and powerful.
Augustine whose mission was to turn their beliefs in to Christians. Pope Gregory had sent them Augustine and other monks to make the change. It was a fairly peaceful change since one of the Kings of the Anglo Saxon Ethelbert had marry to a Princess Frankish whom was already Christian and her own priest and church. In less than 200 years, England was thoroughly Christianized, though Heathen practices and customs apparently continued to coexist alongside the new found faith (Krasskova 19). The King Ethelbert allow the monks to preach and show what they believed in for later allowing the monks to establish a base in where they would preach (Krasskova 19).
To illustrate an example, Henry’s parents were immensely devoted and sympathetic to the Calvinist faith, consequently, he was raised as a Calvinist (Stearns 6: 141-143). It was only natural that he would stay loyal and devoted to his own faith, despite his conversion to Catholicism. Furthermore, this mode of execution is seen again in the issue of the Edict of Nantes in 1598. Henry IV gave tolerance to the French Huguenots and permitted the practice of their religion within certain limits, yet Henry, now established as a powerful Catholic ruler, could have easily rid France of Huguenots, satisfying the desires of the Catholic League as well as his newly developed faith in Catholicism. There was a greater benefit politically if he had considered the interests of both religious parties, therefore, that was the route that Henry IV selected, rather than the one in line with his religion.
• Catholic crusaders sacrificed their lives to Christianity • Catholics were hugely influenced and dominated by the Church, this caused them to practice Christianity more often, it was not usual for Catholics to pray 5 times a day • Many people 's daily jobs were run by Church officials • Catholics payed 10% of their wage to the Catholic Church, decreasing their prosperity • Serfs and pilgrims were given freedom by going on the Crusades • By the fourteenth century the Crusades had become an essential part of every Catholic noble knight 's career • As a result of the Muslims, Christians were able to access texts, like the Aristotle, so the Muslims clearly passed on an intellectual heritage • The political system was changed from
Religious morals were extremely prevalent, and Gawain demonstrates religious devotion to maintain his chivalric code. (Religion in Sir Gawain and the Knight.) This shows how important religion really was during this time period, religion was extremely